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HERITAGE FLOR|DA JEWISH NEWS, DECEMBER 6, 203  Asylum From page 2A ish identity and keeping them safe, and I don't see that as a choice that we should have to make," she said in an interview with Sweden Radio. A spokesman for the Coun- cil of Jewish Communities in Sweden told JTA that the organization had no comment on Hernroth-Rothstein's asy- lum request. But another Swedish Jewish activist criti- cized the move. "I think it's an overreaction that is also exploitative of the real need of asylum seekers in this country," said Marc Harris, a law student who is a former president of Lira- mud Stockholm and former chairman of the Synagogue Committee at Stockholm's Great Synagogue. "We need to be vigilant of the real threat of anti-Semitism andwe can't exaggerate it." Sweden, he added, does have an anti-Semitism prob- lem, "but it is not swept under the carpet; the media are already very aware of it. We need to watch out we're not just crying wolf and spread- ing fear." There are indications that many Swedish Jews already feel afraid. A recent survey of Jews in nine European countries found that Swedish Jews were the most likely to avoid pub- licly identifying themselves as Jewish for fear of anti-Semi- tism. In the survey, published this month by the European Union's Fundamental Rights Agency, 34 percent of Swedish Jews reported practicing such avoidance. Theywere followed by France at 29 percent; Bel- gium, 25 percent; Hungary, 20 percent; and Germany, 14 percent. Hernroth-Rothstein is in- timately familiar with such fears. In Stockholm, she has led "kippah walks"--marches by Jews and non-Jews who don yarmulkes as a protest against anti-Semitism and a sign of solidarity with the country's Jewish community. The problem is especially acute for the approximately 1,000 Jews who live in Malmo, a southern Swedish city where about a third of its approximately 300,000 resi- dents are either immigrants from Muslim countries or their children. Malmo last year saw 60 anti-Semitic at- tacks, which accounted for 40 percent of the anti-Semitic hate crimes documented in Sweden, according to the Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention. Yet, seen in context, there are worse places to be a Jew in Europe, said Lars M. An- dersson, an Upsala University historian who has researched Swedish anti-Semitism and the country's refugee policy. "There is definitely a prob- lem with anti-Semitism in Sweden which needs to be addressed," he said. "However, that problem should not be exaggerated. It is far less acute Rosenblatt PAGE 15A than in Hungary, for example, where a member of the Jobbik party spoke in parliament in favor of registering all Jews." Still, Andersson is support- ive of Hernroth-Rothstein's asylum request. "I see no problem with the asylum move, which is obvi- ously designed to attract the sort of media attention which will help treat the issue," he said. As for Hernroth-Rothstein, she says that if the migration board fails to address her request, then she will file a new one--next time outside the European Union. From page 4A the fulfillment of a dream that saved the lives of persecuted Jews from many countries, as well as an occupying country that maintains its strong hold on another people. "What I did was risky," Shavit told the audience at the 92nd Street Y event. Inwriting about Israel's moral dilemmas, "I was trying to touch the fire," he said, adding that as a native Israeli deeply committed to the Jewish state and people, he has "the inner strength to deal with the taboos." If you don't address "the dark side," he suggested, you have little credibility when celebrating the accomplishments of to- day's vibrant Israeli society. In the final chapter, though, ever the realist, Shavit cannot predict a happy ending for his country. "There was hope for peace but there will be no peace here," he concludes. "Not soon. "What this nation has to of_ fer is not security or well-being or peace of mind. What it has to offer is the intensity of life on the edge." 'We Lost Our Sense Of Meaning' In our interview, Shavit at- tributed that intensity to "the richness of Zionism" that "was always flexible and life-loving, deeply optimistic" despite representing "the ultimate victims Of the 20th century, and threatened to this day." But "our main problem is thatwelostour narrative," he said; he hopes to revive it. "We were a story that became a reality, butwe lost our sense of meaning. We need to love Israel in a new, authentic way" that both praises the society's accomplishments and recognizes its shortcomings. It's critical, Shavit believes, to engage both Israeli and diaspora Jews in the discus- sion, recognizing that "any simplistic approach is wrong" because "complexity is built into the place." It's critical, Shavit believes, to engage both Israeli and diaspora Jews in the discus- sion, recognizing that "any simplistic approach is wrong" because "complexity is built into the place," He worries that diaspora Jews became polarized over Israel in recent years and then "refused to even talk about it" because Jerusalem's policies so divided the community. "The more critical approach is more promising" as a remedy, he insisted. "I hope young American Jews will see how to relate to Israel without faking it." And he added that young Israeli Jews as well are in search of historical context. It is the highest priority that they be given a reason beyond nationalism as to why they are fighting for Israel, he said. But while Israeli youth are "living Herzl's dream, breath- ing a total Jewish existence," Shavit fears that diaspora Jewry is disappearing. The future of British Jewry, he noted, "is not pretty": a "won- derful life for individual Jews, but shrinking rapidly," with the exception of the ultra- Orthodox. Shavit recalls that he wrote what he describes as "an apocalyptic piece" for The New York Times Maga- zine around the time of the millennium suggesting that American Jewry, if it is not careful, may become "a lush, comfortable graveyard of the Jewish people.'Astrong senti- ment, but one he still believes. "I'm very worried" about the recent reports underscor- ing the level of assimilation here, he said. And he is hoping that his book will help spur an honest and deeper discussion about where Israel fits into the Jewish identity of young people, here and in Israel. Gary Rosenblatt is editor and publisher of the New York Jewish Week, www.jewishweek. corn, from which this column is reprinted with permission. Sales From page 5A Ephraim Inbar, director of the Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies at Bar-Ilan University. How does the plutonium reactor figure in? The plutonium reactor is another way Tehran can ob- tain a nuclear weapon. Iran has been constructing its plutonium facility since 2002. To obtain weapons-grade plutonium, the reactor would have to convert uranium to plutonium. This process is harder than enriching uranium but would create a lighter material, giving mis- siles longer range. The agreement freezes the reactor's construction and fuel production, but if those activities resume, the facility could begin the plutonium production process within a year, according to Ephraim Asculai, a senior researcher on the nuclear process at Tel Aviv University's Institute for National Security Studies. Once plutonium produc- tion begins, it becomes much harder for an enemy to bomb the reactor because of radioac- tive fallout. "Once you put nuclear fuel into the reactor, the fission produced with the uranium is highly radioactive,"Asculai said. Iran continued enrichment even after a deal in 2003. At the time it had 164 cen- trifuges; now it has 19,000. How will the coalition make sure Iran doesn't cheat this time? The agreement stipulates that inspectors from the In- ternational Atomic Energy Agencywill conductdailyvisits to enrichment and centrifuge production facilities that "will permit inspectors to review surveillance camera foot- age to ensure comprehensive monitoring." But, Inbar says, daily access is insufficient if inspectors can't make surprise visits to the nuclear facilities. "It's a routine that can be circumvented," he said. "They know they are coming, so they'll put on a nice show." Which sanctions will be lifted? Which will remain? Most of the sanctions on Iran's oil and banking sectors ' will stay in place, including about $100 billion in holdings that Iran cannot access. The total sanctions relief in the agreement amounts to $7 bil- lion, including the release of funds from some Iranian oil sales and the suspension of sanctions on Iran's auto, pre- cious metals and petrochemical industries. Israeli opponents of the deal worry that the relief will erode more damaging sanctions. But in a news conference, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said, "We are committed to maintaining our commitment to vigorously enforcing the vast majority of the sanctions that are currently in place." What happens now? Kerry emphasized that the deal is a "first step" toward a final agreement that the sides hope to reach within six months, when the interim deal expires. "There is no difference whatsoever between the United States and Israel on what the end goal must be here," Kerry said. "We cannot have an Iran that is going to threaten its neighbors and that has a nuclear weapon." Iran insists on its right to enrich uranium, and Netanyahu has expressed doubts consis- tently that negotiations can stop the program. Last Sunday, he reiterated that Israel will strike Iran's nuclear program--with or without U.S. approval--if Israel deems it necessary. "This agreement and what it means endangers many countries, including, of course, Israel," Netanyahu said. "Israel is not bound by this agreement. The Iranian regime is commit- ted to the destruction of Israel, and Israel has the right and the obligation to defend itself, by itself, against any threat." Axelrod From page 5A In 1950, the United States returned "a whole bunch of art" to Hildebrand Gurlitt, according to Willi Korte, a Washington-based researcher for the Holocaust Art Restitu- tion Project who, along with a fellow investigator Marc Ma- surovsky, dug up an inventory of the elder Gurlitt's collection compiled by the U.S. military at the National Archives in Washington, D.C. Fisher is combing through the inventory of works taken from the Jeu de Paume mu- seum in Paris between 1940 and 1944. The museum was used as a repository for works looted by the Nazis from French and Belgian Jews. According to The New York Times, at least eight of the paintings that the U.S. mili- tary returned to Hildebrand Gurlitt had been stolen and stored there. Cornelius Gurlittapparently sold off pieces of his father's col- lection occasionally and lived off the proceeds. In 2011, he sold awork by Max Beckmann, "The Lion Tamer," that brought in more than $1 million. At a news conference Nov. 5, pros- ecutors said they did not know the whereabouts of Gurlitt. On Saturday, the website Paris Match published a pic- ture of a man it identified as Cornelius Gurlittand claimed he was still in Munich. His collection is being held at a customs warehouse at an undisclosed location, where it is being cataloged by art historian Meike Hoffmann of Berlin's Free University. A task force of six experts will assist in the provenance search, itwas announced this week. The move comes after pressure from Jewish groups and restitution advocates who were troubled that the Germans had not made the full list public. "The process is "both liter- ally and legally complicated, difficult and time consum- ing," the office of the chief public prosecutor in Augsburg said at a news conference. Jewish groups and restitu- tion advocates had criticized Germany's initial sluggishness in publicizing the contents of the collection. Deidre Berger, the head of the American Jew- ish Committee office in Berlin, had called on Germany to move quickly to address the owner- ship question and welcomed this week's developments. "Valuable time has been wasted," World Jewish Con- gress President Ronald Lauder told the magazine Die Welt this week. "Neither the pos- sible claimants nor possible witnesses in the return pro- cess are getting any younger." Fisher of the Claims Confer- ence said he found the delay outrageous, yet he acknowl- edged that "legal aspects" of the case make some delay inevitable. "Evidently the Ge?mans are afraid they will get lots of claims, and maybe some of them false," he said. "But that comes with the territory." Anne Webber, director of the London-based Central Registry of Information on Looted Cultural Property, said her office has "been inundated with requests from families all over the world asking if their lost works of art might be in this collection." At least one family report- edly has submitted a claim already. Marianne Rosenberg, an American attorney and grand- daughter of the French dealer Paul Rosenberg, identified a Matisse unveiled at the news conference as belonging to her family. With the decision to gradu- ally publish the list of works, heirs now have a good chance of starting legal proceedings. Ultimately, courts will have to decide whetherworks in ques- tion were obtained legally, were stolen orwere purchased at deflated prices from sellers under duress. "Those who think we are at the end of this, that we shouldn't make such a big deal about it," said Korte, "they don't have any fricking idea what they are talking about." JTA's Cnaan Liphshiz con- tributed to this report. Reunion From page 7A not be found. They are Chaim Aharon, Dror Amiram, Eliza Chanan, Michael Davidsh- viii, Yahaloma Mutzafi, Yosef Naama and Gavriel Yonovitz. Glazer's parents, who owned a furniture store in Holon, moved the family to Baltimore one month after Arie's graduation from Shen- kar. For the first few years in America, Glazer corresponded with many classmates; he still has the letters and pho- tographs. On business trips to Israel, Glazer met with some of his old chums. Flying in for the October event meant he also could attend the 50th an- niversary party for his aunt and uncle and a memorial for another aunt. "I went from the cemetery to parties," he said. The reunion's momentum has led to plans for a subgroup in which classmates could refer clients and business contacts to one another, said Orly Tenenboim Fried, one of the reunion organizers. Berick-Aharony acknowl- edged that she wasn't en- thusiastic when organizers first contacted her about the reunion, but her mood changed with the multiply- ing Facebook posts--new remarks and photographs seemed to materialize by the minute. From being "a bit detached," she said, "I kind of got into it." Momentarily donning her professional hat as a psycho- therapist, Berick-Aharony said the great value of such reunions lies in participants' "finishing unfinished busi- ness" with peers from whom they were forcibly separated by graduating at a key, forma- tive age. "Those are very important years in constructing your personality, and you have to give up all these people who are part of this experience," she said. "A reunion, in a way, reassures you that it really happened. You can look back on your life's narrative, proof- read it and compare your story with other people's stories." Please email Hillel Kuttler at if you know the whereabouts of the missing Shenkar students. If you would like "Seeking Kin" to write about your search for long-lost relatives and friends, please include the principal facts and your contact in- formation in a brief email. "Seeking Kin" is sponsored by Bryna Shuchat and Joshua Landes and family in loving memory of their mother and grandmother, Miriam Shu- chat, a lifelong uniter of the Jewish people.