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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, NOVEMBER 30, 2012 PAGE 17A By JNS.org Mollie Katzen--an award-winning illustrator and de- signer, as well as best-selling cookbook author and popular public speaker--is back with a new round of recipes for Cha- nukah.With more than six million books in print, Katzen is listed by the New York Times as one of the best:selling cookbook authors of all time and has been named by Health Magazine as One of "The Five Women Who Changed the Way We Eat." Below are some of her ideas for how to freshen up your Chanukah table, without intruding on your latke loyalties. How about switching the toppings? You can always have the usual applesauce and sour cream on hand, but consider add- ing some intrigue and savory twists--in addition to sneak- ing in vegetables, herbs, nuts, and olive oilnto the options on the menu. Add some lentil soup and a green salad, and your Chanukah celebration will be colorful and compelling. Chimichurri Chimichurri is the "national sauce" of Argentina, and is also common in Honduras and other Latin American countries. It's a complex green paste, similar to a pesto, but conta!ning a greater variety of herbs, and a tart taste from the presence of vinegar. Chimichurri is normally served with roasted or grilled meat or fish, but it's also delicious on cooked potatoes and vegetables, pasta, grains, and sandwiches. It's also a terrific dab of flavor for l~tkes--either directly on top, or as a green dollop on the sour cream. * This keeps for a week or two if stored in a tightly lidded container in the refrigerator. Just use as needed, as you would any condiment. Ingredients: 1 cup (packed) minced cilantro 1/4 cup (packed) minced parsley 1/4 cup minced scallions 1 tablespoon minced fresh oregano (or 1 teaspoon dried oregano) 1 teaspoon minced or crushed garlic Big pinch of cayenne 2 tablespoons redwine vinegar 1/4 teaspoon salt 6 tablespoons extra-virgin olive oil Wikimedia Commons Plain old potato latkes. Chef Mollie Katzen suggests spic- ing them up with some new toppings. Preparation: Place the cilantro, parsley, scallions, and oregano in a food processor, and mince very finely. Add the garlic, cayenne, vinegar, salt, and process to a paste, with the food processor running until everything is fully incorporated. Drizzle in the oil at the very end. Transfer to a tightly lidded container and refrigerate until use. Yield: About 2/3 cup Preparation time: 10 minutes Chipotle Cream Chipotle chilies are smoked dried jalapenos. They most commonly come in cans, packed in a vinegar preparation called adobo sauce. A little bit of canned chipotles-in-adobo goes a very long way, both in terms of its heat and its power- ful smoky essence. In this sauce, sour cream and/or yogurt create a soothing,luxurious vehicle for the chipotle flavor. * Serve this wherever it seems appropriate--on any egg dish, with "beans, rice," cornmeal preparations, or drizzled onto soups--or on latkes. Ingredients: 1 cup sour cream or yogurt (or a combination) 1/2 to 1 teaspoon canned chipotle chilies, finely minced Preparation: Place the sour cream and/or yogurt in a small bowl and whisk until smooth. Whisk in 1/2 teaspoon minced chipo- tles, and let it sit for about 10 minutes, so the flavor can develop. Taste to see if it needs more chipotle paste, and adjust, as desired. Store in a tightly covered container in the refrigerator. Bring to room temperature before serving. Yield: 1 cup Preparation time: 5 minutes Red Pepper-Walnut Paste Based ori the Middle Eastern sauce called muhammar, this delicious paste is simultaneously pungent, slightly hot and sweet. I make it often and keep it around for many uses: as a topping for pilafs and other cooked grains, for spreading on pizza, toast, crackers, and sandwiches, and as a dip for cooked or raw vegetables. I also love it on latkes. *-This keeps well for at least a week if stored in an airtight container in the refrigerator. In fact, the flavors deepen over time. * For a California twist, you can use almonds in place of the walnuts. Ingredients: 2 heaping cups lightly toasted walnuts 2 to 3 medium cloves garlic One 12-ounce jar roasted red peppers, drained 1 tablespsoon cider vinegar 2 tablespoons fresh lemon juice 1/4 teaspoon ground cumin 1 t~aspoon honey or agave nectar 1 teaspoon salt (or to taste) Black pepper and cayenne to taste Preparation: Place the walnuts'and garlic cloves in a food processor and pulse until they are finely ground, but not yet a paste. Cut the peppers into chunks, and add them to the food proces- sor, along with the vinegar, lemon juice, cumin, and honey. Process to a fairly smooth paste, then transfer to a bowl, and season with salt, pepper and cayenne. Cover tightly and store in the refrigerator. Yield: 3 to 4 cups Preparation time: 10 minutes (after the peppers are roasted) By Rafael Medoff Inh!sdiary, Kaplanquoted Jew for 20 minutes straight, by the Nazis. Jews deported JNS,org from a speech by a Zionist There were too many hor- from their towns were taken leader at one of the Cha- rorsforthediaristtokeepup "in tightly sealed freight "Never before in Jewish nukah events: "In all the with. "My inkwell has grown cars,'Kaplan wrote, "until Warsaw were there as many countries where they want tired of lamentations," Ka- they come to the place of Chanukah celebrations as in to bury us alive, we pull the plan wrote at one point. "If their execution, where they this year of the wall." gravediggers in with us." I tried to write down every- are killed." That entry from the diary Kaplan could not realize thing in order, I couldn't. In July 1942, Warsaw's of Hebrew educator Chaim how prophetic those words Nor would I be recording turn came. Kaplan described Kaplan in December 1940, would prove less than three anything new. Robberies, the first deportations in shortly after the walls of years later, when the fighters murders, humiliations, de- agonizing detail. Recording the Warsaw Ghetto were of the Warsaw Ghetto revolt, privations--nothingmore." the tragedy ofhis people had built, may surprise those would takedownmanyNazisBy the time the~readerbecome his life's purpose, who are accustomed to before losing their own lives, reaches Kaplan's diary en- even as others doubted: thinking of the ghetto only Kaplan, 40, was the found- tries for Chanukah in 1941, "Some of my friends and in terms of the misery of its er and principal of a Hebrew the contrast with those of acquaintances who know Jewish residents under the elementary school in War- theprecedingyearisevident, the secret of my diary urge Nazi jackboot. But in those saw. He began keeping aThefestiveanddefiantmood me, in their despair, to stop early months of the ghetto, diary, in Hebrew, in 1933. of 1940 was just a distant writing. 'Why? For what pur- before the worst periods of His entries about life in memory."Thisyearveryfew pose? Will you live to see it deprivation and persecution Jewish Warsaw following the Chanukah candles were lit," published? Will these words overwhelmed the Jews, their construction of the ghetto Kaplan wrote in December of yours reach the ears of spirit showed on the first walls offer a heartbreaking 1941. "Our holiday has been future generations?'" Chanukah behind the.walls, chronicle of disease, starva- turned into a day of mourn- Somehow, they did. "Because ofthe sword that tion, random atrocities and, ing. The courtyard of the In early August 1942, hovers over our heads," the ultimately, mass deporta- prisononDzielnaStreetwas realizing the end was near, 1940 Chanukah festivities tions, turned into a slaughterhouse Kaplafi stuffed his diaries were not held in the streets, With 30 percent of War-today." Fifteen Jews who into kerosene cans and en- Kaplan wrote. "Chanukah saw's population crammed were caught outside the city trustedthemtoafriendwho parties were held in nearly into an area comprisinglimits had been lined up and was able to smuggle them to every courtyard, even in barely 2 percent of the city, executed, a Polish acquaintance in a rooms which face the street; extreme overcrowding fa- In the months to follow, nearby village. Kaplan and the blinds were drawn, and cilitated the rapid spread of the situation grew steadily his wife would not live to that was sufficient. How disease. At the same time, worse. Random killingssee another Chanukah. They much joy, how much of a Jews were limited to food became more frequent and were deported fromWarsaw feeling of national kinship rations of just 181 calories better organized. "Not a day and gassed soon afterwards therewas in these Chanukah daily. Bythesummerof 1941, goes by that the Nazis do not in the Treblinkadeath camp. parties!After sixteen months more than ~5,000 Jews were conduct a slaughter," Kaplan The Polishvillager eventu- of Nazi occupation [since the dying monthly from starva- recorded.Homelessness, dis- ally sold the diaries to New German invasion of Poland tion or disease, ease, and starvation reached York University. Scroll of inSeptember1939],wecame Kaplan's diary entries epidemic proportions. "In Agony: The Warsaw Diary to life again'." throughout 1941 describe the gutters, amidst the of Chaim A. Kaplan was Kaplan was particularly sidewalks filled with "fami- refuse, one can see almost first published in English pleased that '~we even de- lies bundled up in rags, naked and barefoot little in 1965, then~subsequently ceived the Judenrat," the moaning withheartrending children wailing pitifully," in Kaplan's beloved Hebrew Nazi-appointed Jewish lead- voices," "formerly well to Kaplan wrote. "Every morn- and four other languages. ership. "It tried to ban the do people who never had to ing you will see their little Although Kaplan did not holdingofChanukah parties worryabout matters of food" bodies frozen to death in the live to see his words in print, without a special permit.., crowding the soup kitchens ghetto streets." the spirit of defiance he But this took effect only and "waiting their turn for By the early summer ofwitnessed in the Chanukah on paper; the Judenrat was a bowl of watery soup," and 1942, refugees reaching celebrationsof19401iveson fooled. Hundredsofcelebra- random atrocities such as a Warsaw from elsewhere in in the diary that has become tions were arranged and the Nazi with "a face as red as Poland provided details of one of the most important stupid,Judenrat did not get a fire" wielding an iron whip, the fate that awaited each sources of eyewitness testi- single penny." savagely lashing an elderly Jewish community targeted mony about the Holocaust. The David S. Wyman Institute for Holocaust Studies Crowd near the wall of the Warsaw Ghetto. Dr. Rafael Medoff is found- caust Studies, and author or ing director of The David S. editor of 15 books about Jew- Wyman Institute for Holo- ishhistoryandtheHolocaust. By Binyamin Kagedan "nothing": don't take out or JNS.org put in; and shin for shtehl einl, "put in": put some of your TheworddreidelisYiddish, coins into the pot. and comes from the German As the dreidel became a verb dreihen, meaning "to symbol associated with Ha- spin." Dreidel literally means nukkah, many legends began "little spinner." The first to stem from it, like this one: dreidel players were Yiddish When Antiochusdecreedthat speaking Jews in medieval Jewish law may no longer be Europe. In fact, playing with studied in public, righteous tops has been a popular pas- Jews defied him and contin- time across Western Europe ued to teach Torah to their sinceatleast the 16th cenfury! children. When they saw the Many believe that the four king's henchman coming, letters on the dreidel - nun, groups of students would gimel, hay, andshin-weretak- quickly hide their books and en from the Hebrew expres- bring out their dreidels, pre: sion Nes Gadol Hayah Sham, tending that they had merely meaning "a great miracle gathered for a bit of fun and happened there," referring to gambling. the miraculous events of the Dreidel spinning has even Chanukah story in ancient become a competitive sport! Israel. Really, this meaning The group Major League was added later on--the let- Dreidel hosts tournaments tersoriginallyrepresentedthe each year in New York City Yiddish instructions for what and crowns a champion for to do when you land on each the longest-lasting continu- one (Yiddish and Hebrew use ous spin. the same alphabet): Gimel for Binyamin Kagedan has a gantz,"whole": take the whole master's in Jewish Thought pot; hay for halb, "half": take from the Jewish Theological half the pot; nun for nisht, Seminary of America.