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PAGE 12A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, NOVEMBER 7, 2014 U.S. nuclear negotiator suggests Iran deal could be close at hand By Ron Kampeas WASHINGTON (JTA) -- Is the Obama administration preparing the ground for an Iran nuclear deal -- one in which both sides can claim victory? Wendy Sherman, the top U.S. negotiator, in an unusually detailed and opti- mistic speech on Oct. 23, for the first time suggested that the pieces of a deal were in place and all that was needed was Iranian willingness to wrap it up by the Nov. 24 deadline. "I can tell you that all the components of a p!an that should be acceptable to both sides are on the table," Sherman, an undersecretary of state, said at a Center for Strategic and International Studies symposium here on the talks. "We have made impressive progress on is- sues that originally seemed intractable. We have cleared up misunderstandings and held exhaustive discussions on every element of a pos- sible text." The United States and other major powers have said that a deal would have to include a tough inspections regime, disabling a plutonium reactor at the Arak nuclear facility and a sharp reduction in Iran's enrichment capability. Sher- man named the capability condition as the sticking point of "this painstaking and dif- ficult negotiation." Alireza Nader, an Iran analyst at the Rand Corp., a think tank that has ad- vised the Pentagon, said that Sherman was referring to a "red line" laid down over the summer by Iran's supreme leader, Ayatollah Khameini, when he said Iran would not dismantle any of its more than 19,000 centrifuges. Of those centrifuges, more than 9,000 are believed to be operational. The United States report- edly wants that reduced to 4,500 centrifuges, which it believes will keep Iran from reaching weapons breakout ability. 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Under this plan, the Iranians could claim that all 19,000 centrifuges remained in place, while the major powers would be able to say that only a limited number are operational. "I think President Obama clearly wants a deal, and has instructed the negotiators to get a deal, and has floated a number of creative proposals to accommodate the supreme leader's red lines," Dubowitz said. Notably, Israel and its U.S. advocates appear to have gently backed away from a previous insistence that Iran not be allowed any enrich- ment capacity. Yuval Steinitz, the intelli- gence minister who has been Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's point man in making Israel's case abroad on Iran, no longer explicitly calls for an end to enrichment in his advocating for a deal that would keep Iran from breakout capacity. In an Oct. 19 Op-Ed in The New York Times, Stein- itz instead insisted that any deal should provide "clarity" on "the quantity and quality of Iran's remaining opera- tional centrifuges" and "the final destiny of its remaining centrifuges and their infra- structure." Notably, the American Israel Public Affairs Commit- tee in its latest talking points memo on Iran also backed away from explicit calls for an end to enrichment. "Will Iran dismantle its centrifuge infrastructure so that it has no uranium path to a nuclear weapon?" AIPAC asked in outlining the condi- tions for an acceptable Iran deal - language that could conceivably allow for an en- richment capability, as long as it falls short of a "path to a nuclear weapon." Israel's hard line on enrich- ment made sense, Dubowitz said. "It's actually helpful for the administration for the Israelis to talk about enrichment," he said. "It helps to make the case that the enrichment has to be very, very small." A Foreign Ministry official in Germany, one of the six powers in talks with Iran, told JTA that a deal would "probably allow Iran more centrifuges, more enrichment than Israe[ would like." However, Tobias Tunkel, the deputy head of the divi- sion of the German Foreign Ministry that deals with Israel, said that the major powers "will make sure it is watertight that allows no breakout." Sherman in her speech said that if the talks fail, "respon- sibility will be seen by all to rest with Iran." Trita Parsi, the director of the National Iranian Ameri- can Council, a group that has strongly backed the talks, said that positioning Iran to take the blame should the talks fail was a key message for Sherman, but added that the reverse held as well: Should Congress, spurred by pro- Israel groups, scuttle a deal, it would be blamed. "If there is a deal and the entire world is ready for it," he said, "it's going to be very costly for the Congress to push against it." At 105, 'British Schindler' celebrated in Prague By Jan Richter PRAGUE (JTA) -- A 105-year-old man known as the "British Oskar Schindler" -- having saved hundreds of Jewish children from the Nazis -- received the Czech Republic's highest honor on Oct. 28. Sir Nicholas Winton was flown on a Czech military plane to Prague, where Czech President Milo Zeman award- ed him the Order of the White Lion. Seven of the 669 chil- dren he rescued were present at Tuesday's ceremony, which Peter Maciarmid/Getty Images Nicholas Winton at a London event honoring him in September 2009. coincidedwith the Czechoslo- vak Independence Day. "I want to thank you all for this tremendous expression of thanks for something which happened to me nearly 100 years ago," Winton said after receiving the award. Wintonwas 29 when he first arrived in Prague in Decem- ber 1938. He was planning to go on a skiing holiday in Switzerland but changed his plans when he heard about the refugee crisis in Czecho- slovakia. In the following months, he organized eight trains that carried children, the vast majority of them Jewish, from Nazi-occupied Czechoslovakia to safety in the United Kingdom. "I'm delighted that so many of the children are still about, and they are here to thank me," Winton said. Winton, a baptized son of German Jewish parents who settled in the United Kingdom in the early 1900s, workedas a stockbroker before World War II. In Prague, he joined efforts by several other Britons trying to help the refugees. "These people were the guilty conscience some in Brit- ain had over their country's role in the MunichAgreement, and came to help," historian Michal Frankl from Prague's Jewish Museum told JTA. Signed in 1938, the Mu- nich Agreement permitted the Nazis to annex parts of Czechoslovokia. "Winton's crucial role was in negotiating permits for the children with the British authorities. He also found families willing to take care of them," Frankl said. Ruth Halova, now 86, left Prague on one of the trains, known as Kindertransports, in June of 1939, less than four months after the Nazi occupa- tion of the country. "It was a very emotional and joyful moment," Halova said of the ceremony. "I'm happy I could shake [Winton's] hand for all those who could not be here." Also in attendance was Asaf Auerbach, another child Winton rescued. Auerbach was 11 in July of 1939, when he boarded the London-bound train along with his brother. Winton on page 15A