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PAGE 14A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, OCTOBER 19, 2018 From page IA among the Jewish state's most outspoken critics and Demo- crats who barely register on the Israel spectrum. There are sure bets and long shots (in some cases very long shots), while some races are too tight to call. Some have come up through the state- house, some through the na- tional security system, some with no political experience. They come from areas of high Jewish concentration like NewYorkand LosAngeles, and spots such as Kentucky and Wyoming where Jews barely register on the elec- toral map. JTA is breaking down the races, assessing where the candidates stand on the political spectrum, noting their Jewish involvement and reporting what the forecast- ers say. We start with the Jewish Senate nominees, all Demo- crats: Dianne Feinstein, Cali- fornia (incumbent) Politics: Feinstein, 85, elected in 1992, is the oldest sitting U.S. senator and the longest-serving woman in the body. She is a leading progres- sive on most issues, and for decades has been outspoken on gun control and LGBTQ rights. She became San Francisco's mayor in 1978 after her predecessor, George Moscone, and City Supervi- sor Harvey Milk, a Jewish gay rights activist, were shot to death. Feinstein, the president of the city's Board of Supervisors, discovered their bodies. A's"the senior Democrat on the Judiciary Committee, Feinstein took the lead in picking through the record of Brett Kavanaugh, who barely won Senate confirmation foi- lowing allegations of sexual assault from decades ago. As the chairwoman of the Senate Intelligence Commit- tee from 2009 to 2015, Fein- stein angered progressives by siding with intelligence agencies when they drew fire for their methods. Jewish quotient: Feinstein had a Jewish father and Christian mother and was brought up in both faiths. At 20, she chose Judaism, she said, because of its directness. Over the years she has become more critical of Israel, taking the lead recently in urging its government not to demolish Palestinian residences in the West Bank as punishment. Feinstein has been endorsed by the political action com- mittee affiliated with J Street, the liberal Jewish Middle East policy group, as well as JACPAC, the Chicago-based Jewish PAC that backs liberal domestic policies. Election prospects: Califor- nia's system grants the two spots on the November ballot to the two top vote-getters in the primary, regardless of party. That leaves Feinstein facing off against Kevin de Le6n, a Democratic state sena- tor who has the endorsement of the state party. Feinstein is expected to win, although recent polls show de Le6n narrowing the divide to single digits. Ben Cardin, Mary- land (incumbent) Politics: Cardin, 74, was elected to the Senate from the House in 2006. Like his father and uncle, he served in the Maryland House of Delegates, becoming its youngest-ever speaker. As a U.S. senator, he eschews the national reputa- tion some of his colleagues seek and tends to pursue his liberal agenda through the prism of state issues: Cardin is a champion of the environ- ment who seeks to keep the Chesapeake Bay clean and wants to narrow the income gap, with a focus on Balti- more's troubled inner city. Cardin does strike abroader profile in international rela- tions, particularly human rights. For years he has taken a lead role on the U.S. Helsinki Commission, which moni- tors human rights in other countries, and he was the top Democrat on the Foreign Relations Committee from 2015 until earlier this year. Cardin started each briefing with reporters with an appeal for the release of a prisoner of conscience. Jewish quotient: Cardin is a scion of a family influential in Jewish philanthropy. A relative is Shoshana Cardin, who led multiple national Jewish organizations. He hews to a conventional pro- Israel line, and was one of four Senate Democrats who in 2015 opposed the Iran nuclear deal after being sub- jected to intensive lobbying by Baltimore-area Jewish leaders. This year, Cardin spoke at J Street's national conference, a signal that he was edging toward the more Israel-critical posture that the group favors. Nonetheless, he defended a bill he authored that would impose penalties on companies that comply with the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement targeting Israel. Cardin has been backed by NORPAC, the New Jersey-based center-right pro-Israel political action committee, as well as JACPAC. Election prospects: Cardin is heavily favored to defeat Republican Tony Campbell, a political science professor. Jacky Rosen, Nevada (challenger) Politics: Rosen, 61, was a consultant and software de- signer plucked from obscurity by Sen. Harry Reid just two years ago to run for the 3rd District seat then held by Republican Joe Heck, encom- passing Las Vegas suburbs. (Heck ran a failed Senate campaign to replace Reid, who was retiring.) Reid, the long- time Democratic leader in the Senate and a powerhouse in Nevada politics, wanted a pickup for Democrats, and Rosen delivered--so much so that Reid, who remains influential, tapped Rosen to take down Dean Heller, the in- cumbent Republican senator. The focus of Rosen's cam- paign has been education-- the public school system in Nevada is notoriously underfunded--and the envi- ronment. She also is part of the wave of women seen as spurred to higher office by Donald Trump's election. She has been outspoken in recent weeks in saying that as a sena- tor she would have opposed the Kavanaugh confirmation, and she has the endorsement of feminist PACs like Emily's List. Jewish quotient: Rosen's sole political experience prior to 2016 was as president of Ner Tamid, a Reform synagogue in Henderson, Nevada. Good enough, said Shelley Berkley, a former Democratic con- gresswoman from Las Vegas who lost to Heller in 2012. "If you can be president of a synagogue," Berkley told The New York Times, "you can be president of the United States very easily." Rosen has taken a typically centrist pro-Israel line, say- ing she would have opposed the 2015 Iran nuclear pact. Heller is backed by Sheldon Adelson, the casino magnate and pro-Israel and Repub- lican giver who helped lead opposition to the deal. She has been endorsed by center- right pro-Israel PACs as well as JACPAC. She's an "On The Street" candidate for J Street's PAC, which means she does not accept the PAC's money but does allow it to direct individual donors her way. Election prospects: Rosen vs. Heller is one of the closest races in the country--poll- sters rate it as a tossup. Bernie Sanders, Ver- mont (incumbent) Politics: Sanders, 77, is an Independent who caucuses with the Democrats. He won election to the Senate in 2006 after serving 16 years in the House. He launched his po- litical career in 1981 when he became mayor of Burlington, Vermont. Sanders ran a surpris- ingly strong campaign for the Democratic presidential nomination in 2016, becom- ing the first Jewish candidate to win major-party nominat- ing contests. Hillary Clinton won the nod, but the Sanders bid excited the party's base and helped steer it leftward For instance, the $15 minimum wage Sanders championed, once considered pie-in-the- sky by the Democratic estab- lishment, is now party policy. Left-leaning candidates now eagerly seek out an endorse- ment from Sanders or the activist group established in the wake of his campaign, Our Revolution. Jewish quotient: Sanders, who firmly identifies as a democratic socialist, for years had eschewed a focus on his Judaism, preferring in media encounters to stick to his overriding policy concern: income inequality. Since launching his presidential election campaign, ,though, he has spoken more openly than he had in the past about family who had perished dur- ing the Holocaust and about the several months he had spent as a young man in Israel on a kibbutz. He has since his presi- dential campaign become a leading Senate critic of Is- rael, posting multiple videos on social media criticizing how Israel is handling the crisis across its border in the Gaza Strip. He has the endorsement of J Street's PAC and was the star of J Street's annual conference this year. While critical of Israel, Sanders opposes BDS and emphasizes his demand that Arab states recognize Israel's existence. Election prospects: Sanders is running unopposed. Gary Trauner, Wyoming (challenger) Politics: Trauner, 59, ran twice in the mid-2000s for Wyoming's single House seat and, shockingly for this reddest of Republican states, nearly took it in 2006, a sweep year for Democrats. He told JTA that year that he had knocked on nearly every door in the state. Trauner tried again in 2008 and lost by a wider margin. The issues page on his campaign site suggests a cautiously centrist approach: He backs the social safety net, environmentally responsible energy independence, immi- gration reform that includes allowances for undocumented migrants currently in the United States and "balance" on gun rights. Jewish quotient: Trauner, a New York-born financial en- trepreneur, attended Jewish political fundraising events during his House runs. This time around, the record does not show money coming in from pro-Israel or Jewish PACs. (He has raised an impressive $630,000, which nonetheless is less than a tenth of the nearly $7 million brought in by his Republican opponent, incumbent John Barrasso.) His campaign site does not address foreign policy Election prospects: Bar- rasso is seen as safe in a state that Trump won with 67 per- cent of the vote to 22 percent for Hillary Clinton--the wid- est margin for a presidential election in the state's history. From page 1A "The University of Michi- gan must take immediate steps to ensure that students are not denied an oppor- tunity to participate in an accredited overseas program because of their professors' political views," said ADL CEO Jonathan Greenblatt in a statement. "The University of Michi- gan, and indeed all U.S. insti- tutions of higher education, should ensure that students are able to pursue academic studies without having their studies thwarted by their professor's political views," he added. "We are strong support- ers of academic freedom. Certainly everyone, includ- ing professors, has a right to openly express their views of the policies of the elected Israeli government," continued Greenblatt. "But this should not be at the expense of students seeking to broaden their academic experiences." Greenblatt called out an apparent double standard by instructors. "These pro- fessors indicated they had no problem writing recom- mendations for students who might study in any other country in the world," he said. "Singling out Israel alone among all the nations of the world as worthy of boy- cott, according to the State Department working defini- tion, potentially crosses the line from criticism of Israel to anti-Semitism." 'A culture of discrimina- tion' Zionist Organization of America president Mort Klein expressed a similar sentiment to JNS. "It is shocking and ir- responsible for an academic to take this bigoted stance against Israel while ignor- ing the fact that Israel has offered statehood to the Pal- estinians,"who have rejected the offer three times in the past 20 years, he said. "All the while, these aca- demics are ignoring the fact that the Palestinian Author- ity is a terrorist entity" that refuses to negotiate with Israel, added Klein. He called on the university to sanction those who "dis- play this type of irrational anti-Semitic prejudice." Club Z Founder and ex- ecutive director Masha Merkulova said "there is a culture of discrimination at the University of Michigan that must be addressed im- mediately by President Mark Schlissel, Michigan elected officials and the Depart- ment of Education. Club Z will be working closely with partners in the pro-Israel community to bring this issue to light. We cannot afford to be silent as stu- dents continue to face this hostile and discriminatory environment." Secker met last Friday with the Rosario Ceballo, associate dean for the social sciences in Michigan's Col- lege of Literature, Science and the Arts, who agreed to write the letter in Peterson's place, according to The Washington Post, which first reported the incident. According to the Post, Secker's father, who is Is- raeli, was so infuriated that he considered withdrawing his son from the school, but reconsidered after his wife contacted the president's office, which connected the couple to the associate dean, who "offered to write any letter Jake wanted," he said. Guest lecture compares Netanyahu to Hitler The latest anti-Israel out- rage comes less than a week after a guest lecturer, former Black Panther leader Emory Douglas, compared Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to the master- mind of the Holocaust, which resulted in the founding of the Jewish state. As part of the department-sponsored lecture, Douglas presented two slides that promoted the ideas behind BDS and violence against Israel. A student, Alexa Smith, captured the images, two years after she observed a similar experience. "As a Wolverine, I sat through this lecture horri- fied at the hatred and intol- erance being spewed on our campus," Smith posted on Facebook. "As a Jew who is proud of my people and my homeland, I sat through this lecture feeling targeted and smeared to be as evil as the man who perpetuated the Holocaust and systemati- cally murdered six million Jews." "Two years ago I was forced to sit through an- other mandatory Stamps lecture in which the speaker, Joe Sacco, made references to Israel being a terrorist state and explicitly claimed that Israeli soldiers were un- worthy of being represented as actual human beings in his artwork," continued Smith. "I will no longer sit qui- etly and allow others to dehumanize my people and my community," she added. "The administration is re- peatedly failing to forcefully respond to anti-Semitism, and so it comes back worse and worse each time. A line needs to be drawn and it needs to be drawn now." The lecture was part of a guest-speaker series through the university's Stamps School of Art & Design. Calling on the university to react Pro-Israel groups like StandWithUs, the AMCHA Initiative and the Simon Wi- esenthal Center condemned the content of the talk. StandWithUs commended Smith for the exposure. "We are proud of Alexa for her courage. She did not give the situation a'pass' and instead stood up to bigotry," said Roz Rothstein, co-founder and CEO StandWithUs, and a daughter of Holocaust survivors, in a statement. "Comparing Netanyahu to Hitler in the course of a mandatory lecture for art students is an example of the subtle form of anti-Semitism that is injected into North American campus lectures far too often. "At the University of Michigan, this comes after a professor and a graduate- student instructor used the BDS movement to penalize two students who expressed their desire to study in Israel," she continued. "We commend the univer- sity leadership for taking a firm and immediate stand against anti-Semitism in the past and encourage them to take a stand to differentiate the univer- sity from Emory Douglas' hateful, agenda-driven comparison." AMCHA echoed SWU's response. "The image com- paring Netanyahu is outra- geous and anti-Semitic," the group's director Tammi Rossman-Benjamin told JNS. "Also important to note is that Douglas presented two slides that promoted BDS and violence against Israel, which are perhaps even more problematic, particularly because Douglas's talk was mandatory and departmen- tally sponsored," she said. "In fact, research demon- strates that the presence of BDS-promoting speakers on campus is directly as- sociated with an increase in anti-Semitism on campus, and specifically those acts that target Jewish students for harm, including assault, harassment, destruction of property and suppression of speech." The Simon Wiesenthal Center called on the univer- sity to act. "In the name of free speech, a public univer- sity invites a speaker who equates in word and visually Netanyahu and Hitler with the term genocide," SWC said in a statement to JNS. "Students are required to sit through a propaganda presentation based on an insidious lie." "If Hitler was ultimate evil and Bibi = Hitler what's the message to fellow students about Jews/Zionists on cam- pus? Beyond an outrage," continued SWC. "Will the University apologize or take action or make a com- ment beyond protecting free speech of bigot?"