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September 21, 1979     Heritage Florida Jewish News
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September 21, 1979
 

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Page 9-4, HERiTA6E, Florida Jewish News, Friday, September 21, 1079 dress themselves in assorted colors. The white robe on Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur would (cojht ng79J,, oj.,nc) all the people indicating that all are equal in the QUESTION: Why does the cantor wear a white gown (klttel) when offldating at the services on Rosh Hashanah? ANSWER: The same practice applies to Yom Kippur as well. AJso, it should be noted that. many religiously, observant Jews wear white gowns on both Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur. Furthermore, the ark cover and the altar cover are white on those days. There are at least three reasons offered for this practice. One mason is that the white gown resembles the shrouds with which the dead are dressed for burial. The idea is that on these days of judgment a person should be as serious as possible in face of the destiny which is being planned for him. Remin- ding one's self of the fact of death as the eventual end of life is one thing that can bring a person back to moral behavior and conscious responsibility. A second reason is that the white cloack indicates a victory of being declared innocent at the bar of DMne judgment. The source of this idea is traced back to the prophet Isaiah who spoke of DMne for- giveness as an appearance of white clothes (Isaiah 1:18). The white, therefore, promotes a sense of secudty and confidence in the Aimighty's merciful forgiveness. A third reason connects this practice with the ancient celebration at Yom Kippur when the "daugh- ters of Israel" would appear on the street wearing white clothes. This was done so that they would all look alike and would not embarrass the poor ones sight of the,. Almighty. (Ta'anit 4:8) QUESTION: Why is the shofar blown in the late service (Musaf) and not in the earlier service (achadth)? ANSWER= Technically, the tra- dition calls for the Mitzvah of Shofar to be observed as early as possible in the day. Apparently (see Yeru- shalmi Rosh Hashanah 4:8), this was changed because of a historic incident. It seems that at one time the enemies of the Jewish people thought that blowing the shofar was a call to war against them when it was sounded early in the morning. When the change occurred, advan- cing the shofar blowing to later in the service, they realized that this was part of the prayer service and took no offense. Congrggation of ,Judaism extends for you this wish. May this coming year be one of strength and personal fulfillment, awareness of God and brotherhood, not only for the Jews of our Orlando community, but also for all who seek together to establish the State of Israel. LA SHANA TOVA TIKATEVU May you be inscribed for a healthy and fulfillin8 New Year Rabbi Larry J. Halpern Rabbi Andrew R. Hiilman Executive Board of Directors William A. Jacob, President Shiela Sigman, 1st Vice President Arnold Bierman, 2nd Vice President Martin Glickstein, Comptroller Arnold Stein, Treasurer Bettye Ettinger, Secretary Trustees Seymour Au/seher Samuel Wolman Alan Helman " William Metz Henry Wolf Sidney Geist Congregation of Liberal Judaism Orlando, Fla. -- 645"0444 What a Nice Jewish Boy is As San Diego's Chief of by RICHARD YAFFE Condensed from The Jewish Week (New York) SAbl DIEGO, CAUF. -- What's the first thing you ask a Jewish policeman? It's, "What's a nice Jewish boy like you doing as a copT' of course. Bill Kolender really had that asked of him 22 years ago when he joined the San Diego police force at the age of 21. There weren't any Jewish cops here then; he was the first. How there are fifteen. And now William B. Kolender is the Chief of Police, the only Jew in such a high police job in America, at least in a major city. '"The reaction of my father when 1 first told him that I was going to be a cop was, 'that's a goyish job. You should be somebody. C_ to school, take a profession.' blow that I'm Police Chief, he says, 'You were right.' " His father is 75 "and he works every day in his store downtown and my mother works with him -- the Admiral Jewelers. Thank God (he raps the desk) they're both all right." He is close to them and to his two sisters and their four kids (two each) and his aunts and uncles, a closeknit family Divorced twice, Kolender has five children of his own, "three natural, two adopted," ranging from 23 yars down to 15. An Old Spanish Mission? We had our talk in his spa- cious, tastefully furnished office at police headquarters in downtown San Diego, a building that looks like an ol d Spanish mission and may have been one. I forgot to ask. His walls are lined with scrolls and plaques extolling him for one thing or another, including one from the American Jewish Commit- tee for his activities in human relations. There is an excellent hi-fi and the Chief's taste in music seems to be pretty good. He was "raised Orthodox," he said, and "bar mitzvahed and used to daven with teflin, and we kept kosher." He is what he is because of his early life, he said. He came to San Diego from Chicago at the age of eleven, raised in a traditional Jewish home where there was lots of love and great expectations for him on the part of his parents. "1 want into the Haw," he said, but did not say why. It appears that he had been an indifferent studenL some- times failing, and had some minor brushes with the law, and practically fled into the bla W, to get straightened out. "The blavy did help me," Kolender said. He was put in charge of some people in boot camp, "and for the first time I realized what authority and responsibility meant." Cop and College Student Out of the blavy, he looked around. He found a job in a shop, but the money was bad. "1 was 20 and I needed more money. I had a family, and a friend of mine was working a beat, and I thought I might try that, be a cop and go to school. "['hat was in '56. so I did that. "1 used to work from 11 at night to 7 in the morning and then would go to college," winning an A.B. in criminal justice from San Diego City BILL KOLENDER College and another A.B. He was from San Diego State Univ- he was in Jewish ersity in public administra, said "not at all." tion. In addition, he holds synagogue once in teacher's credentials in attends Jewish criminal justice, and teaches and lectures, it in the college, and is a with two rabbis. graduate of the blational Exe- going to cutive Institute ofthe FBI. So was a teenager. I v much for an "indifferent was 16. Then student." father died and He "got to like it," working keeping as a cop and going to school, of our people h ave' "1 really enjoyed it, and things started to break. I seemed to An Out-Front JeW go up." He went up fast, But lest he is always the youngest at his stood, he level as police academy knownthat"larn instructor, sergeant in Jew. Everybody charge of the night shift at kid about it. It s i the Mexican border (San papers, rm Diego extends to the There's nobody border), lieutenant in what l community relations, He recalled president of the Police Offi- cers Association, captain, a pig, he's inspector, assistant chief, replied that deputy chief, acting chief, be called a pig and then San Diego's young- what Jewish est chief. And it wasn't long Another after that he was voted San militant said Diego's "outstanding young were "notJing man." Gestapo." Called a Christ-Killer "Well," Has he run into anti- "1 guess l SemitJsm along the way? "1 Jewish Ge stapo can't recall any until I was met." nominated for chief. They That broke had some public hearings and a couple of people got tants up and called me a Christ killer and that I was he decidedtO controlled by international force, an Zionism, and that kind of --. chief who Other than that, I've had no said that problem at all." people of y What about the city itself; police is there an anU-Semitic replied, problem here? Are there any race, it's my confrontations between I asked Jews and Blacks, say, as in any partiq Hew York? The answer was, "blo." The city "is big, it's the ninth plied, largest city in the country, u but we don't have the urban problems of blew York. Of know the course, we are aj urban to lots people and have large LUA, and concentrations of Blacks cent." and Chicanos, about He's 100,000 of each. When you by have economic and intelec- a tual poverty, you have prob- he catches lems. But the kind of things giving you would see in blew York, meals, to no way. "If you visit our ghetto, for can't take example, you wouldn't think they took it was a ghetto compared on their with Bedford-Stuyvesant or hand a Harlem in blew York. you'll "We've had our riots in the There 60s. There is still racism, as Diego, all you know. It is going to be has some time before these freely problems are alleviated be- one America, cause they are problems of intends to the people as a whole."