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September 8, 2017     Heritage Florida Jewish News
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September 8, 2017

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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, SEPTEMBER 8, 2017 PAGE 11A By Eli E. Hertz important because the Hajj (Syrian, Egyptian, and Turk- or pilgrimage to Mecca was ish) continued to govern Despitel,300yearsofMus- (and remains today) one of Jerusalem as part of their lim Arab rule, Jerusalem was the Five Pillars of Islam. As a overall control of the Land of never the capital of an Arab result, theybuiltwhatbecame Israel, disrupted only by the entity, nor was it ever men- known as the Dome of theCrusaders. What is amazing tionedinthe Palestine Libera- Rock shrine and the adjacent is that over that period, not tion Organization's covenant mosque, one Islamic dynasty ever untii Israel regained control of To enhance the prestige made Jerusalem its capital. EastJerusalemintheSix-Day of the 'substitute Mecca,' By the 19th century, Jeru- War of 1967. Overall, the role the Jerusalem mosque wassalem had been so neglected of Jerusalem in Islam isbest named aI-Aqsa. It means by Islamic rulers that several understood as the outcome of 'the furthest mosque' inprominent Western writ- politicalexigenciesimpacting Arabic, but has far broader ers who visited Jerusalem on religious belief, implications, since it is the were moved to write about Mohammed, whofounded same phrase used in a key it. French writer Gustav Islamin622CE, wasbornand passage of the Quran called Flaubert, for example, found raised in present-day Saudi "The Night Journey." In that "ruins everywhere" during Arabia; he never set foot in passage, Mohammed arrives his visit in 1850 when it was Jerusalem. His connection to at'al-Aqsa' on a winged steed part of the Turkish Empire the city cameyears after his accompanied by the Arch-(1516-1917).Seventeenyears death when the Dome of the angel Gabriel; from there later Mark Twain wrote that Rockshrine and the al-Aqsa they ascend into heaven for Jerusalem had "become a mosquewerebuiltin688and a divine meeting with Allah, pauper village." Indeed, Je- 691, respectively, their con- after which Mohammed re-rusalem's importance in the structionspurredbypolitical turns toMecca. Naming the Islamic world only appears and religious rivalries. In 638 Jerusalem mosque al-Aqsaevident when non-Muslims CE, the Caliph (or successor was an attempt to say the (including the Crusaders, to Mohammed) Omar and Dome of the Rock was the the British, and the Jews) his invading armies captured veryspotfromwhichMoham- control or capture the city. Jerusalem from the Byz- medascendedtoheaven, thus Only at those points in his- antine Empire. One reason tying Jerusalem to divine tory did Islamic leaders claim they wanted to erect a holy revelation in Islamic belief. Jerusalemas their thirdmost structure in Jerusalemwas to Jerusalem never replacedholy city after Mecca and Me- proclaim Islam's supremacy the importance of Mecca in dina. That was againthe case over Christianity and its most the Islamic world. When the in 1967, when Israel captured importantshrine, theChurch Umayyad dynasty fellin 750, Jordanian-controlled East of the Holy Sepulcher. Jerusalem also fell into near Jerusalem (and the Old City) More important was the obscurity for 350 years, until duringthe1967Six-DayWar. power struggle within Islam the Crusades. During those Oddly, the PLO's National itself. The Damascus-based centuries, many Islamic sites Covenant, written in 1964, Umayyad Caliphs who con- inJerusalemfellintodisrepair never mentioned Jerusalem. trolled Jerusalem wanted to and in 1016 the Dome of the Only after Israel regained establish an alternative holy Rock collapsed, control of the entire city did site if their rivals blocked Still, for 1,300 years, the PLO updated its Cov- access to Mecca. That was various Islamic dynasties enantto include Jerusalem. FLORIDA Publication Date: September 15, 2017 Advertising Deadline: September 6, 2017 Orlando Weekday Morning Minyan (Conservative/Egalitarian), services Monday- Friday 7:45 a.m. (9 a.m.--national holidays); 2nd floor Chapel--Jewish Academy of Orlando; 851 N. Maitland Ave., Maitland. For information call 407-298-4650. Celebration Jewish Congregation (R), services and holiday schedules shown at www.; 407-566-9792. Chabad Lubavitch of North Orlando (O), 1701 Markham Woods Road, Longwood, 407-636-5994,; services: Friday 7:00 p.m.; Saturday at 9:30 a.m. Chabad of Altamonte Springs (O), 414 Spring Valley Lane, Altarnonte Springs, 407- 280-0535; Chabad of South Orlando (O), 7347 Sand Lake Road, Orlandol 407-354-3660; www. jewishor|; Shabbat services: Monday-Friday, 8 a.m. and 10 minutes before sunset; Saturday, 9:30 a.m.; Sunday, 8:15 a.m. Chabad of the Space & Treasure Coasts (O), 1190 Highway AIA, Satellite Beach, 321-777-2770. Congregation Ahavas Yisrael/Chabad (O), 708 Lake Howell Rd., Maitland, 407-644- 2500;; services: Sunday, 9 a.m.; Monday-Friday, 7:30 a.rn.; Shabbat services: Friday, 6:30 p.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m.; Family service, 4th Friday of the month. Congregation Bet Chaim (R), 301 West State Road 434, Unit 319, Winter Springs, 407-830-7211;; Shabbat services: Friday, 8 p.m. Congregation Beth Am (C), 3899 Sand Lake Road, Longwood, 407-862-3505; www.; Shabbat services: Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m. Congregation Beth El (C), 2185 Meadowlane Ave., West Melbourne, 321-779-0740; Shabbat services, 1st & 3rd Friday, 8 p.m.; 2nd & 4th Saturdays, 9:30 a.m. Congregation Beth Emeth (R), 2205 Blue Sapphire Circle, Orlando, 407-855-0772; Shabbat service: monthly, 8 p.m. Congregation Beth Israel (Re), Collins Resource Center, Suite 303, 9401 S.R. 200, Ocala, 352-237-8277;; Shabbat service, second Friday of the month, 8 p.m: Congregation Beth Sholom (R-C), 315 North 13th St., Leesburg, 352-326-3692; www.; schedule of services on website. Congregation Beth Shalom (Progressive Conservative), Orange City congregation holds services at 1308 E. Normandy Blvd., Deltona; 386-804-8283; www.mybethshalom. corn; Shabbat services: Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 10 a.m. Congregation B'nai Torah (C), 403 N. Nova Rd., Ormond Beach, 32174, 386-672-1174;; Shabbat services: Friday, 8 p.m.; Saturday, 10 a.m. Congregation Chabad Lubavitch of Greater Daytona (O), 1079 W. Granada Blvd., Ormond Beach, 386-672-9300; Shabbat services Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 10 a.m. Congregation of Reform Judaism (R), 928 Malone Dr., Orlando, 407-645-0444; Shabbat services, 7 p.m. 1st, 2nd and 3rd Fridays; 6 p.m., 4th and 5th Fridays; Saturday: 10 a.m. Congregation Mateh Chaim (R), P.O. Box 060847, Palm Bay, 32906, 321-768-6722. Colgregation Ohev Shalom (C), 613 Concourse Parkway South, Maitland, 407-298- 4650;; Shabbat service, Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m. Congregation Or Chayim (Rec) i Leesburg, 352 -326-8745;; services 2nd and 4th Fridays of each month at Providence Independence of Wildwood. Congregation Shalom Aleichem (R), 3501 Oak Pointe Blvd., Kissimmee, 407-935- 0064;; Shabbat service, 1st and 3rd Fridays of the month, 8 p.m. Congregation Shomer Ysrael (C), 5382 Hoffner Ave., Orlando, 407-227-1258, call for services and holiday schedules. Congregation Sinai (C/R), 303A N. S.R. 27, Minneola; 352-243-5353; congregation-; services: every Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Shabbat Service evert Saturday, 10 a.m. Orlando Torah Center (O), 8591 Banyan Blvd., Orlando; 347-456-6485; Shacharis- Shabbos 9 a.m.; Mon.--Thurs. 6:45 a.m.; Sun. and Legal Holidays 8 a.m.; Mincha/Maariv Please call for times. Southwest Orlando Jewish Congregation/Ohalei Rivka (C), 11200 S. Apopka- Vineland Rd., Orlando, 407-239-5444; Shabbat service, Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m. Temple Beth El (R), 579 N. Nova Rd., Ormond Beach, 386-677-2484. Temple Beth Shalom (R), P.O. Box 031233, Winter Haven, 813-324-2882. Temple Beth Shalom (C), 40 Wellington Drive, Palm Coast, 386-445-3006; Shabbat service, Friday, 8 p.m.; Saturday, 9 a.m. Temple Beth Sholom (C), 5995 N. Wickham Rd. Melbourne, 321-254-6333; www.; Shabbat services: Friday, 7 p.m.; Saturday: 9:30 a.m. Minyan, Tuesday, 7:30 p.m.; Thursday, 10:00 a.m. Temple Beth Shalom (R), 1109 N.E. 8th Ave., Ocala, 352-629-3587; Shabbat services: Friday, 8 p.m.; Torah study: Saturday, 10:00 a.m. Temple B'nai Darom (R), 49 Banyan Course, Ocala, 352-624-0380; Friday Services 8 p.m. Temple Israel (C), 50 S. Moss Rd., Winter Springs, 407-647-3055;; Shabbat services: Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m.; Sunday 9:00 a.m. Temple Israel (R), 7350 Lake Andrew Drive Melbourne, 321-631-9494. Temple Israel (C), 579 N. Nova Road, Ormond Beach, 386-252-3097; Shabbat service, Friday, 7 p.m.; Saturday: 10:30 a.m. Temple Israel of DeLand (R), 1001 E, New York Ave., DeLand, 386-736-1646; www.; Friday Shabbat service, 7 p.m.; Saturday, 10:00 a.m. followed by Torah study. Temple Shalom (formerly New Jewish Congregation) (R), 13563 Country Road 101, Oxford, 352-748-1800;; Shabbat services: Friday, 7 p.m.; last Saturday of the month, 9:30 a.m. Temple Shalom of Deltona (R/C), 1785 Elkcam Blvd., Deltona, 386-789-2202; www.; Shabbat service; Saturday: 10 a.m. Temple Shir Shalom (R) Services held at Temple Israel, 50 S. Moss Rd., Winter Springs, 407-366-3556, www'templeshirshalm'rg; Shabbat services: three Fridays each month, 7:30 p.m. Traditional Congregation of Mount Dora (T) Mount Dora, 352-735-4774; www.; Shabbat services: Saturday, 9:30 a.m. sharp. (R) Reform (C) Conservative (O) Orthodox (Rec) Reconstructionist (Z) Mehitsa