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September 7, 2012     Heritage Florida Jewish News
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September 7, 2012
 

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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, SEPTEMBER 07, 2012 i• PAGE 3A Dr. Moshe Pelli, Abe andhis new book in Israel.(enlighteners) in Germany• TessWise Endowed Profes-Titled "Atarah Leyoshnah: in the last quarter of the sor of Judaic Studies and Restore Judaism_to Its Pris- 18th century and the begin-" director of the UCF Inter- tine Splendor," the book ning of the 19th century disciplinary Program in Ju- deals with the struggle of to rejuvenate and redefine daicStudies, has published the early Hebrew Maskilim Judaism to be what this Cody Spears and his granddaughter Catelyn Gomrad enjoy a previous Party in the Park. Free bagel breakfast, live entertainment, give-aways and prizes will be enjoyed at the Jewish Pavilion's Party in the Park at 9:30 a.m. Sunday, Oct. 28 at the Plaza at Cranes Roost Park in Altamonte Springs. The party is open to the entire community• The festivities will include activities for children such as face painting and clowns, a health fair, flu shots. 100 ~endors, a walk around the ark, t-shirt sales and more. Proceeds benefit the Jewish Pavilion. The Pavilion is nota place. but rather a promise to our elders, of all faiths, that they will not be abandoned by the community in their old age. The Pavilion ensures that seniors in long-term care are regularly visited and enjoy holiday celebrations. intergenerational programs. musicales, ice cream socials and more. Pavilion staff and volunteers visit thousands of seniors in long-term care communities all over Orlando. For more information on the nonprofit organization or the walk visit www.jewishpavil- ion.org. Angle and Lee getting ready for meal delivery. Jewish Family Services"I am so appreciat vewhen JFS's collaborative Hospice of. of Greater Orlandois JFS comes to the door during the Comforter program, Yad all about happy [ngs RoshHashanah. At94, I don t L'Hesed, are .'also eligible to stabilizing families, filling tummies, and providing sup: port through counseling. Throughout the year, JFS delivers hot kosher meals to the homebound elderly, hoping to make their holiday a little brighter. Not only will each person receive a hot, nutri- tious meal. they are also able to spend a few minutes talking with a caring volunteer.., a great opportunity to share a story and/or just a few words that will last a lifetime! drive so I don't get out much. It's nice to have someone to ta|k to and to have a hot meal to celebrate the high holidays. I am very happy that this program exists," states Lily Morgenthaler. If you are a homebound se- nior. JFS volunteerswillbringa kosher Rosh Hashanah dinner to your home on Sunday, Sept. 16. To be included or to vol- unteer to deliver meals, please call JFS at 407-644-7593. ext. 227 by Sept. 10. Clients of receive these mea s. JFS" Holiday Connection program is an agency funded prograrrL A $25 donation will help off-set the increasing, fees and are always appreciated. If you would like to make a donation to the holiday meal delivery program, please visit us at http://bit.ly/BreakHun- ger. Checks can be made pay- able to Jewish Family Services and mailed t o JFS, The George Wolly Center, 2100 Lee Road, Winter Park, FL 32789. Check our website www.TempleShirShalom.org for information, directions and service schedule. Call and leave a message at 407-366-3556 if additional information is needed, writer terms "the HaskaIah (Enlightenment) Judaism." Those y~ung Hebrew writers and educators ar- gued that they wished to resuscitate Judaism and restore it to its pristine state while concurrently revital- ize the Jewish people and its culture. The medium for this revival was the revived Hebrew language and its" literature: These Enlightenment writers and philosophers advocated major changes in the way of thinking, placing the emphasis on human reason rather than church or s riptural authority for evaluating all phenomena of life. They applied ratio- nal and critical thinking, based on scientific criteria and updated knowledge, to past traditions and accepted conventions. These thinkers further undertook to promote tolerance, humanism and understanding, and to eradicate superstitions, ignorance and prejudices. They believed in freedom in all its manifestations freedom of thought and of speech having a strong belief ]n progress and in one's ability to elevate him- self through education and achieve a degree of perfec- tion. for the benefit of the individual and society. One of the prime sources of influence on these trends in the Hebrew and Jewish Haskalah is attributed to the European Enlighten- ment and its thought, and the changes its pundits aspired to affect in society, culture and religion in Europe. Within the domain of religion, it was Deism that is considered to exemplify the religious thought of the Enlightenment. although there were also phenomena of free-thinking, atheism and materialism prevalent as well in the Enlighten- ment. The first three chapters, under the general section of The European Enlight- enment: The Religion of the Enlightenment. ex- pound on major trends and prominent thinkers of early Deism in 17th- and 18th- century England. "France• and Germany. Their worl signaled a new direction in viewing and assessing established religion in the Age of Reason. Some of the major English deistic thinkers were Lord Herbert of Cherbury, John Spencer; the French: Jean- Jacques Rousseau, Volt~/ire and DenisDiderot; and the German deists, Gotthold Ephraim Lessing and Johann Herder, among others. The second section, titled Haskalah Judaism: Restore Judaism to Its Pristine State, contains 12 chapters devoted to the views of early Hebrew Haskalah writers in Germany on the issues of reforming Jewish education and rejuvenating Jewish religion by alleviating some religious restrictions and practices. The efforts of some of the early Maskilim con- centrated on an attempt to reconcile the ideas of the Enlightenment and Judaism by showing their compatibility, or by plac- ing them on two different planes that allegedly would not clash. The Maskilim endeavored to explain Juda- ism and its commandments in a rational way, while arguing that Judaism has always been an enlightened religiofi. Most of these Hebrew Maskilim envisioned the introduction of moderate reforms within the Jewish framework so as to create the religion of the Haska- lah' still within normative Judaism. For this reason, most of their calls for action for reform were directed at the rabbis. These Maskilim were: Isaac Euchel, the founder of the journal Hame'asef (1773-1811) and the lead- ing figure of the group; Naphtali Herz Wessely, a poet, philologist and an originator of a plan to in- troduce changes in Jewish education: Mendel Breslau, who proposed convening an assen~bly of rabbis to enact religious changes: Morde- chai Schnaber. who setup a theory of religious changes based on Maimonides: as well as some of the other major Maskilim: Isaac Sa- tanow. Saul Berlin• Aaron Wolfssohn. Herz Homberg, Juda Leib Ben Zeev and Shalom Hacohen. A chap- ter is also devoted to some of the other writers of the Haskalah at thai time that did not exhibit any reform tendencies, but neverthe- less advocated the general orientation of the Haskalah toward ,the Enlightenment. The third section in the book, titled Pundits and Their Reforms, deals with the more radical Jewish enlighteners in the 1790s, who wrote mainly in Ger- man and whose target au- dience was mostly outside the ranks of the Hebrew Maskilim. They are: Saul Ascher, Solomon Maimor , Lazarus Bendavid and Da- vid Friedl inder. The fourth section, Ac- tual Reform, addresses reli- gious reforms and changes enacted by official bodies, such as the Great Paris Sanhedrin (1807) and its . enactments, the Westphalia consistory and its religmus reforms (around 1809), and finally the Temple reforms in Hamburg (1818). The concluding chapter assesses the efforts of the Hebrew Maskilim. arguing in effect that even those who had advocated moder- ate reforms and who had developed theories that traditional Judaism pro- vided the legalmechanism for enacting changes and updates they all contrib- uted to the formation of the ideological groundwork for enacting religious reforms in Judaism in ways not en- visioned by these moderate Hebrew thinkers. The desire to reform Haskalah Judaism in its pristine format and to create a moderate Judaism of the Haskalah is indicative of modern trends in Judaism, but not of secularism. Its argumentations were rel?- gious, and its context as well was religious, not secular. However, as the traditional rabbis vehemently rejected all forms of changes, even of moderate customs, the more extreme demands for changes became more domi- nant. as exemplified in the Reform Temple controversy of 1818-19. "Atarah Leyoshnah: Hama'avak Litzirat Yahadut Hahaskalah" ["Resto.re Ju- daism to Its Pristine Splen- dor: The Struggle to Estab- lish 'Haskalah Judaism']• Hakibutz Hameuchad, Israel. 2012. 512 pp. bib- liography, index. English abstract. The book may be or- dered t.hroqgh:Hakibutz Hameuchad. 23 Hayarkon St.. POB 1432. Bnei Brak 5114, Israel: sales: sales@ kibutz-poalim.co.il. Shir Shalom Celebrating 11 years s .vtng Central Florida A NEW YEAR - A SPIRITUAL RENEWAL DISCOVER THE REFORM JEWISH HOME YOU'VEBEEN LOOKING FOR! HIGH HOLIDAY TICKETS ARE ON SALE NOW! High Holiday Services will be held at." FIRST UNITED METHODIST CHURCH OF 0 VIEDO 263 KING STREET, 0 VIEDO