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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, SEPTEMBER 6, 2013 PAGE 7A The main gate of the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp, observed in the shadow of death by Jews during the Holocaust. which was among Angelo Celedon via Wikimedia Commons the places where ]Tom Kippur was By Rafael Medoff of Yom Kippur had been JNS.org outlawed, a debate broke out as to whether or not Jewish Holocaust memoirs and shopkeepersshouidopentheir eyewitness testimony record stores, lest they be accused by how Jews living under Nazi the Germans of closing them rule repeatedly took extraor- in honor of the holiday. dinary risks to mark Yore Rabbi Huberband records Kippur in some way. Despite the remarkable "honor sys- the grave dangers involved, tem" scheme the Jewish and even though Jewish law shopkeepers devised to avoid permits eating or performing doing business on the Day of laborontheDayofAtonement Atonement while eluding the inordertosaveone'slife, many Nazis' ire: "Jews' shops were Jews endured unimaginable open. The 'salesmen' were all suffering in order to com- women.Actually, the women memorate the holiest day on didn't sell anything; people the Jewish calendar, took merchandise, but with- In his diary, Rabbi Shi- out paying for it. The women mon Huberband described didn't take any money, but his experiences in the Pol- they did on the other hand ish town of Piotrkow in the give away money. They took aftermath of the September their tribute payments over 1939 German invasion. The to the [Judenrat] office, Yom occupation authorities im- Kippur being the last day, the posed an astronomical fine deadline for the tribute." on the local Jewish commu- Prof. Yaffa Eliach's book nity, with Yom Kippur as the Hasidic Tales of the Holocaust deadline. To demonstrate the recounts the horrors endured punishment to be expected if by a Hungarian Jewish slave- the money was not paid, the labor battalion attached to a Nazisseized anumber of local retreating German army unit Jews at random on the eve of in 1944. The prisoners were Yore Kippur and took them to routinely beaten, starved, Gestapo headquarters, where and used as human mine they were "beaten, attacked detectors. On the eve of Yom by dogs, forced to crawl on Kippur, the German corn- their stomachs.., forced to manding officer, aware of the clean toilets with their bare approaching Jewish holy day, hands... [and] ordered to col- warnedthemthatanyonewho lect shattered pieces of glass fasted "will be executed by a with their mouths." firing squad." Rabbi Huberband's diary On Yom Kippur, it rained (published in English under heavily along the Polish- the title "Kiddush Hashem," Slovakian border region edited by Professors Jeffrey where they were working, Gurock and Robert Hirt) and the area was covered in noted that the local Judenrat, deep mud.When the Germans the German-appointed Jewish distributed their meager food ruling council, "dispatched rations, the Jewish prisoners notices saying that every- pretended to consume them one should contribute his but instead "spilled the coffee designated amount toward into the running muddy gul- the tribute by tomorrow, the lies and tucked the stale bread last day." At the same time, into their soaked jackets." becauseailpublicobservances Those who had memorized portions of the Yore Kippur prayer service recited them by heart until finally, as night fell, theirwork ended and they prepared to break the fast. Just then they were con- fronted by the German com- mander, who informed them he was aware that they had fasted, and instead of simply executing them, they would have to climb a nearby moun- tain and slide down it on their stomachs. "Tired, soaked, starved and emaciated," the Jews did as they were told--10 times "climbing and sliding from an unknown Polish mountain which on that soggy Yom Kippur night became a symbol of Jewish courage and human dignity." Eventually the Germans tired of this sport and the defiant Jewish prisoners were permitted to break their fast and live--at least for another day. Isaiah Trunk's classic Jew- ish Responses to Nazi Per- secution cites a remarkable anecdote from an Auschwitz survivor about Yore Kippur in the women's block there in 1944. Minutes before sun- down, the Jewish barracks leader, or Blokowa, suddenly "put a white tablecloth over the barrack oven, lit some candles, and told all the Jew- ish women to walk up and pray... The barrack was filled with an unbearable wailing. The women again saw their annihilated homes." It happened that "Froh Rohtshtat, the famous violin- ist from Lodz, was also kept in our barracks," and the barracks leader "brought in a fiddle and asked Froh Roht- shtat to play Koi Nidre. She re- fused, saying she couldn't play because her heart was burst- ing. The Blokowa threatened to beat her.., if she didn't play. When Froh Rohtshtat began playing, the Jewish Blokowa suddenly lost control and started pushing us away and clubbing the Jewish women, yelling, 'Enough! You've had enough pleasure!'" "What was the reason for the Jewish Blokowa's sud- den change of mind?" Dr. Trunk wondered. "One can only guess that, fearing the inmates would see how she was overcome with emotion by the solemn tones of Kol Nidre, she would thus be seen in a state of weakness and would consequently lose the firm grip she had on them." To maintain her position as a barracks head, the Blokowa needed to forsake all Jewish connections and feeling--and for a few fleeting moments, the emotional power of Yom Kippur had threatened to touch even her iron heart. Dr. Rafael Medoff is found- ing director of The David S. Wyman Institute for Holo- caust Studies. His latest book is "FDR and the Holocaust: A Breach of Faith." Sudoku (see page 14A for solution SUDOKU you could save 28%" Call 1-866-929-9071 to see how much you could save on car insurance. Answers from 08/30/2013 1 4 3 7 5 9 6 3 2 6 4 3 8 7 2 3 1 4 6 7 9 9 9 8 6 5 StatcPoint Moclia Fill in the blank squares in the grid, making sure that every row, column and 3.by-3 box includes all digits I through 9. Central Florida Synagogue Service Schedule and Directory Orlando Weekday Morning Minyan (Conservative/Egalitarian), services Monday-Friday 7:45 a.m. (9 a.m.--national holidays); 2nd floor Chapel--Jewish Academy of Orlando; 851 N. Maitland Ave., Maitland. For information call 407-298-4650. Celebration Jewish Congregation (R), services and holiday sched- ules shown at www.JewishCelebration.org; 407-566-9792. Chabad Lubavitch of North Orlando (O), 39 Skyline Drive, Suite 1017, Lake Mary, 407-878-3011, www.jewishorlando.com; services: second Friday of each month at 7:30 p.m.; every Saturday at 10 a.m. Chabad of South Orlando (O), 7504 Universal Blvd., Orlando, 407-354-3660; www.jewishoflando.com; Shabbat services: Friday, 7 p.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m.; services, Monday and Thursday, 8 a.m. Chabad of the Space & Treasure Coasts (O), 1190 Highway A1A, Satellite Beach, 321-777-2770. Congregation Ahavas Yisrael/Chabad (O), 708 Lake Howell Rd., Maitland, 407- 644-2500; www.chabadorlando.org; services: Sunday, 9 a.m.; Monday-Friday, 7:30 a.m.; Shabbat services: Friday, 6:30 p.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m.; Family service, 4th Friday of the month. Congregation Bet Chaim (R), 426 Lakeport Cove, Casselberry, 407-830-7211; www.betchaim.org; Shabbat services: Friday, 8 p.m.; 2nd Saturday of the month, 10:30 a.m. at Savannah Court in Maitland. Congregation Beth Am (C), 3899 Sand Lake Road, Longwood, 407-862-3505; www.congbetham.org; Shabbat services: Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m. Congregation Beth El(C), 2185 MeadowlaneAve.,West Melbourne, 321-779-0740; Shabbat services, 1st & 3rd Friday, 8 p.m.; 2nd & 4th Saturdays, 9:30 a.m. Congregation Beth Emeth (R), 2205 Blue Sapphire Circle, Orlando, 407-855-0772; Shabbat service: monthly, 8 p.m. Congregation Beth Israel (Rec), Collins Resource Center, Suite 303, 9401S.R. 200, Ocala,352-237-8277;bethisraelocala.org;Shabbat service, second Friday of the month, 8 p.m. Congregation Beth Sholom (R-C), 315 North 13th St., Leesburg, 352-326-3692; www.bethsholomflorida.org; schedule of services on website. Congregation Beth Shalom (Progressive Conservative), Orange City congregation holds services at 1308 E. Normandy Blvd., Deltona; 386-804-8283; www.mybethshalom.com; Shabbat services: Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, i0 a.m. Congregation B'nai Torah (C), 403 N. Nova Rd., Ormond Beach, 32174, 386-672-1174; www.mybnaitorah.com; Shabbat services: Friday, 8 p.m.; Saturday, 10 a.m. Congregation Chabad Lubavitch of Greater Daytona (O), 1079 W. Granada Blvd., Ormond Beach, 386-672-9300; Shabbat services Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 10 a.m. Congregation of Reform Judaism (R), 928 Malone Dr., Orlando, 407-645-0444; www.crjorlando.org: Shabbat services, 7 p.m. 1st Friday; 8 p.m., 2rid and 3rd Fridays; 6 p.m., 4th and 5th Fridays; Saturday: 10 a.m. Congregation Mateh Chaim (R), P.O. Box 060847, Palm Bay, 32906, 321-768-6722. Congregation Ohev Shalom (C), 613 Concourse Parkway South, Maitland, 407-298-4650; www.ohevshalom.org; Shabbat service, Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 9 a.m.; Junior Congregation., 10:00 a.m. Congregation Or Chayim (Rec), Leesburg, 352-326-8745; egrae@ hotmail.com; services last Friday of each month at 3:30 p.m. at vari- ous private residences. Congregation Shalom Aleichem (R), 3501 Oak Pointe Blvd., Kis- simmee, 407-935-0064;www.shalomaleichem.com; Shabbatservice, 1st and 3rd Fridays of the month, 8 p.m. Congregation Sinai (C/R), 303 N. S.R. 27, Minneola; 352-243- 5353; congregationsinai@cfl.rr.com; services: every Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Healing Service, first Friday of the month, 7 p.m. Southwest Orlando Jewish Congregation/Ohalei Rivka (C), 11200 S. Apopka-Vineland Rd., Orlando, 407-239-5444; Shabbat service, Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m. Temple Beth El (R), 579 N. Nova Rd., Ormond Beach, 386-677-2484. Temple Beth Shalom (R), P.O. Box 031233, Winter Haven, 813- 324-2882. Temple Beth Shalom (C), 40 Wellington Drive, Palm Coast, 386- 445-3006; Shabbat service, Friday, 8 p.m.; Saturday, 9 a.m. Temple Beth Sholom (C), 5995 N. Wickham Rd. Melbourne, 321-254-6333; www.mytbs.org; Shabbat services: Friday, 5:50 p.m.; Saturday: 9:30 a.m. Minyan, Tuesday, 7:30 p.m.; Thursday, 10:00 a.m. Temple Beth Shalom (R), 1109 N.E. 8thAve., Ocala,352-629-3587; Shabbat services: Friday, 8 p.m.; Torah study: Saturday, 10:00 a.m. Temple B'nai Darom (R), 49 Banyan Course, Ocala, 352-624-0380; Friday Services 8 p.m. Temple Israel (C), 50 S. Moss Rd., Winter Springs, 407-647-3055; www.tiflorida.org; Shabbat services: Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m.; Sunday 9:00 a.m. Temple Israel (R), 7350 Lake Andrew Drive, Melbourne, 321- 631-9494. Temple Israel (C), 1400 S. Peninsula Ave., Daytona Beach, 386- 252-3097; Shabbat service, 8 p.m.; Saturday: 9 a.m. Temple Israel of DeLand (R), 1001 E. New York Ave., DeLand, 386-736-1646; Friday Shabbat service, 7 p.m. Temple Shalom (formerly New Jewish Congregation) (R), 13563 Country Road 101, Oxford, 352-748-1800; www.newjewishcongrega- tion.org; Shabbat services: Friday, 7:30 p.m.; last Saturday of the month, 9:30 a.m. Temple Shalom of Deltona (R/C), 1785 Elkcam Blvd., Deltona, 386-789-2202; Shabbat service; 7:30 p.m.; Saturday: 10 a.m. Temple Shir Shalom of Oviedo (R) Services held in the EPICenter at University Carillon United Methodist Church, 1395 Campus View Court, Oviedo, 407-366-3556, www.templeshirshalom.org; Shabbat services: three Fridays each month, 7:30 p.m. Traditional Congregation of Mount Dora (T) Mount Dora, 352- 735-4774; www.tcomd.org; services: second and fourth Fridays and Saturday of the month. (R) Reform (C) Conservative (O) Orthodox(Rec) Reconstructionist