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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, SEPTEMBER 6, 2013 PAGE 5A By Arkady Mamaysky Jews were expelled from Arab countries. They were accepted Israeli-Palestiniannegotia- by their Jewish brethren and tions have started once again• became citizens of Israel. Hopefully, despite the many Today, there are close to problems which must be 5,000,000descendants of the resolved, they will end with original Arab refugees. They better results than previous were denied citizenship in ones. Arab countries by a decision One of the main problems of the Arab League, suppos- isthatofPalestinianrefugees, edly to "protect their right as they are commonly called, of return." In reality, they To say it correctly, the people were denied citizenship as a we now call refugees are the ploy for the Arab countries descendants of Palestinian to have one more strategy to Arabs who left Palestine in destroy Israel• 1948 during the Arab coun- Putting aside what caused tries' aggression against the the problem, the problem ex- infant Jewish state of Israel. ists. Here are the approximate Around 700,000 Arabs left, numbers of descendants of mainly encouraged by the Palestinian refugees by their propagandaofArabcountries, places of residence: which essentially told the Ar- Gaza: 1,100,000 abs to get out of the way and West Bank:780,000 come back to share the spoil Lebanon: 426,000 after the Jews are thrown into Syria: 472,000 the sea. Duringthe same time, Jordan: 2,000,000 around 800,000 to 1,000,000 So what are the options to resolve the refugee problem with Israel remaining a Jew- ish state? Option #1 Syria and Lebanon can and should give citizenship to their Arab brethren. Jor- danian descendants of Pal- estinian refugees are already Jordanian citizens and, in reality, Jordan is a Palestin- ian state. So if negotiations succeed, there will actually be two Palestinian states--the West Bank/Gaza being the second. The descendants of the original refugees belong to these two Palestinian states• Since Gaza is extremely densely populated, Jordan and the West Bank should offer resettlement to some of Gaza's residents• Option #2 The Arab league should change its "no citizenship" policy so that otherArab coun- tries accept their brethren and offer them citizenship. Arab countries possess huge masses of land (consider Saudi Arabia, for example) and an influx of people could be beneficial by allowing them to develop vast amounts of pres- ently underdeveloped land. Option #3 Countries of emigration like the United States, Aus- tralia, New Zealand, Germany, and other European countries should accept some number of Arab refugees. By doing so, these countries will help their ally, Israel, resolve a problem for which it is unjustifiably blamed, and help Jews pre- serve Israel as a country of their own. These countries owe it to the Jewish people in return for our great contributions to these countries, and because of their past persecution of the Jews. One should not forget that, before the Holocaust, none of these countries agreed to accept Jewish refugees and, during the war, the allied countries refused to spend ammunition to bomb gas chambers and railroads to death camps--"non-military targets." Bombing these tar- gets would have saved at least some of ourpeople. Russia, with its vast Asian lands, can also accept some Arab refugees and benefit from having more people to develop these lands. Jewish people can expect this from Russia in return for the great contributions we made to Russia and remembering the pogroms and anti-Semitism of the past. Option #4 The final option is some combination of the other three. For all of the reasons dis- cussed above, any solution to the refugee problem should be financed by the United Nations, Arab countries, the United States, Germany, other European countries, and Jew- ish/Israeli contributions. Maybe the above sugges- tions are naive, but there is no doubt that experts can offer more and better ideas to solve the problem while preserving Israel as a Jewish state. Resolv- ing the problem in such away that Israel remains Jewish is possible if there is good will, which is sometimes not a readily available commod- ity. If not by good will, these problems must be resolved using common sense, for everybody's sake. Arkady Mamagsky is a me- chanical engineer who emi- grated directly to the United States from the former Soviet Union in 1979. He has visited Israel once, and often twice, during every year since then. A monthly update from Olga Yorish Join us as we shape the future Twenty four years ago abecome her life and her pas- these meetings, I have been man, a woman, and a child sion. In April, the board of impressed with a variety of stood in the arrival hall of the directors hired that woman opinions, strength of convic- Boston Logan airport. Tired (yes, you guessed right, that tions, and passion for the and disoriented after a long woman was me) as an execu- community and its institu- flight from overseas, their old tive director and charged me tions. I have discovered that lifeintheUSSRleftresolutely with moving this Jewishthere is a lack of information behind, theywerehopefulfora Federation forward, and understanding of what better future. In Boston, they During my first months,the Federation is about; there weremetbyagroupofpeopleI had more than 200 indi- are some hurt feelings and representing an organization vidual and group meetings broken relationships; there is whosenamethewomandidn'twith volunteers, community anopinionthattheFederation know. Nor did she know that members, agency colleagues, is not relevant to the Jewish this organization would soon and Federation staff. In all community; and at the same time, there is a somewhat contradictory notion that the Federation is able to and must take care of all the problems. What struck me most, how- ever, was a recurrent theme of a lack of a unified Jewish community bound by com- mon goals and aspirations. What do we have to do to change it? There are a few critical components that de- fine a strong and vibrant Jew- ish community. First of all, it is a commitment to our core values of Torah, Tzedakah, and Chesed - faith, justice, and acts of kindness. It is also a commitment to educate the future generations, to trans- mit our heritage to children and grandchildren. What also makes a community strong and vibrant are opportunities for all Jews to come together. Anda key component is a cen- tral organization that keeps it all together and ensures stability and growth. All these elements are present in the Orlando Jewish community. We have notone but two excellent campuses usedby 1,500 people every day. We have thriving synagogues led by dedicated rabbis and lay leaders. We have strong agen- cies led by talented and dedi- cated volunteers and staff. We have day schools and multiple other Jewish educational op- portunities. And we have the Jewish Federation of Greater Orlando that is the glue that bonds the core components together. From many of my conversa- tions, I learned that there is a desire to rebuild and repair; there are many people who are remarkably supportive and encouraging; and there are • thousands of people in this community who continue to invest their time, energy, and resources in the Jewish com- munity locally and around the world. This is a community mandate and a vote of confi- dence that the Federation is relevantand needed, The Jew- ish Federation is the one place that belongs to every Jew, the place where philanthropy, Yorish on page 14A By Itzhak Brook M.D. The 40th anniversary of the Yom Kippur War occurs this year. The war was launched in 1973 in a surprise attack by Syria and Egypt on the holiest day of the Jewish calendar. Even though the signs of an imminent attack were noted by the Israeli intelligence, the Israeli government decided to ignore them for political Since the bulk of the Israel army is made of reservists, it took two days for them to mobilize and deploy. During these critical days it was only the vastly outnumbered soldiers in the front and Israeli pilots that held the line and stalled the attack- ers. It was their heroism and determination that saved the country from being overrun. Their devotion and sacrifice and strategic reasons. Conse- compensated for the lack quently, the country's borders " of sufficient equipment and Israel in modern history. Even though Israel was eventually able to achieve a military vic- tory, the country paid a steep price, both in lives lost and in the citizenry's confidence in their leaders and themselves. Almost 3000 soldiers gave their lives; which is a ratio of one per 1000 Israelis; a steep and painful price for a nation of three million. Over 10,000 were wounded in the 17 days of fighting. Almost every house- hold and neighborhood was having secure and defend- able borders and the need to prevent such deadly attacks. It highlighted the urgent need for a lasting peace between Israel and its neighbors. An important outcome of the Yore Kippur War was the creation of a peace agreement between Israel and Egypt that was signed in 1979 and ended 31 years of conflict between the two nations. The help provided by the United States was also very tackers but go on the offensive ending the war 65 miles from Cairo and 25 miles from Da- mascus. Also the political and military commitments by the United States countered the Soviet Union who threatened to intervene to assist their Arab surrogates. I was a battalion physician during the Yore Kippur War. Like thousands of Israelis I join my battalion which was assigned to supply the armored corps with ammu- nition, fuel, water and food. We rushed to the front to head off the attack hoping to protect our families and our nation. The war was difficult and trying. The soldiers of my battalion risked their lives Brook on page 15A ATONEMEt r were very sparsely defended, supplies. The strategic depth affected.The painand sorrow instrumental in helping Is- [ As, 1[ To ! thefront.Theinvadingarmies Heights also provided the Deepwithinthepsycheofthe spare parts, armorandfighter outnumbered the Israelis at country the time needed to nation, thisconflictshattered jets reached Israel at a very I OLO' I / 60 BY I:A~ I a ratio of i00 to one in man- mobilize the reservists, conventionalwisdomthatthe critical moment replenishing power and 10 to one in armor Thiswar posed the mostse- countrywas invincible. Italso the heavy losses and enabling and artiileryl riousthreattotheexistenceof illustrated the importance of Israel not only to repel the at- truck on International Drive, Edward E. A. Bromberg which, due to the recent food Orlando vr / / . . i,, ~ ~ truck regulations, is opening Editor's note: Although osner cnmces m unanao as a restaurant sometime in therecertainlyarefinekosher the next few weeks, about restaurants in south Orlando, Dear Editor: lando'swebslte" ,www.jfgo.org, two blocks from their' current m" the north Orlando area, It is clear that the author, and clicking on the sub-link location. As someone who whichincludesMaitland, Win- Chris DeSouza, of the,Heri- "Kosher Food" in the ",Pass- follows the Kashrut laws, I ter Park, Aitamonte Springs, tagesarticleonBrownsDeli port to Jewish Orlando link wouldbethefirsttoagreethat FernPark, Casselberry, Long- in the Aug. 23 edition did would haveshownthatthere there is not as large a selec- wood, Lake Mary, Winter not do her homework. Just are at least two other kosher tion of kosher restaurants Springs and Sanford, there checking the local Jewish restaurants in the metropoli- in the area as I would like. has been no kosher deli since Federation of Greater Or- tan Orlando area, which have However, to imply that there Amira's closed.