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September 5, 2014

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PAGE 2A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, SEPTEMBER 5, 2014 Spencer Platt/Getty Iraqi families who fled ISIS fighters near the Iraqi city of Mosul prepare to sleep on the ground near the Khazair temporary displacement camp in a Kurdish-controlled part of Iraq, July 3, 2014. By Uriel Heilman (JTA)--Between the war in Gaza and gains by Islamic militants in Iraq, Syria and Libya, there's plenty of cause these days for pessimism about the Middle East. But amid all the fighting, there's also some good news for Israel. If it wasn't obvious before, the conflagrations have driven home just how much the old paradigms of the Middle East have faded in an erawhen the threat of Islamic extremists has become the overarching concern in the Arab world. In this fight against Islamic militancy, many Arab governments find themselves on the same side as Israel. A generation ago, much of the Middle East was viewed through the prism of the Arab-Israeli conflict. Then, during the Iraq War era of the 2000s, the focus shifted to the Sunni-Shiite divide and the sectarian fighting it spurred. By early 2011, the Arab Spring movement had become the template for the region, generating excitement that repressive autocratic gov- ernments might be replaced with fledgling democracies. Instead, the Arab Spring ushered in bloody civil wars in Syria and Libya, providing openings for violent Islamists. Egypt's experiment in democ- racy resulted in an Islamist- led government, prompting a backlash and coup a year ago and the restoration of the old guard. After witnessing the out- comes of the Arab Spring, the old Arab order appears more determined than ever to keep its grip on power and beat back any challenges, particularly by potent Islamist adversaries. The confluence of events over the summer demon- strates just how menacingly Arab regimes view militant Islam. A newly declared radi- cal Islamic State, known by the acronym ISIS, made rapid ter- ritorial gains in Syria and Iraq, brutally executing opponents and capturing Iraq's second- largest city. In Libya, Islamic militants overran the Tripoli airport while Egypt and the United Arab Emirates carried out airstrikes against them. Concerning Gaza, Arab governments (with one no- table exception) have been loath to offer support for the Islamists who lead Hamas. Let's consider the players. Egypt Having briefly experienced a form of Islamist rule with the election and yearlong reign of President Mohamed Morsi, a leader of the Muslim Brotherhood, the pendulum has swung back the other way in Egypt. The Egypt of President Abdel Fattah al Sisi, who seized power from Morsi, is far more hostile to the Mus- lim Brotherhood than Hosni Mubarak's was before the coup that toppled him from the presidency in 2011. Sisi's Egypt has outlawed the Broth- erhood, arrested its leaders and sentenced hundreds of Brotherhood members to death. The Brotherhood's pain has been Israel's gain. During the Morsi era, Egypt's Sinai Peninsula became a staging ground for attacks against Israel and a conduit for funnel- ing arms to Hamas, a Brother- hood affiliate. But after Sisi took charge, he all but shut down the smuggling tunnels between Egypt and Gaza, clamped down on lawlessness in the Sinai, and ended the discord that had taken hold between Cairo and Jerusalem. When Hamas and Israel went to war this summer, there was no question about where Cairo stood. For weeks, Egyptian mediators refused to countenance Hamas' cease- fire demands, presenting only Israel's proposals. On Egyp- tian TV, commentators lam- basted and mocked Hamas leaders. With its clandestine air- strikes in Libya over the last few days, Egypt has shown that it is willing to go beyond its borders to fight Islamic militants. Saudi Arabia It may be many years before Israel reaches a formal peace agreement with the Arab monarchy that is home to Islam's two holiest cities, but in practice the interests of the Saudis and Israelis have aligned for years--particu- larly when it comes to Iran, Hamas and Hezbollah. Saudi and Israeli leaders are equally concerned about Iran -- both are pressing the U.S. administration to take a harder line against Iran's suspected nuclear weapons Nations on page 18A The Zionist Organization of America expresses "appall" at the Gaza resolution under UN Security Council consider- ation--and especially at the US for apparently agreeing to it. The proposed ceasefire res- olution does not specifically condemn Hamas by name, but rather equates Hamas terror- ism and the Israeli response to it. The resolution wording condemns "all violence and hostilities directed against civilians, aswell as indiscrimi- nate attacks resulting in civil- ian casualties, and all acts of terrorism." No differentiation up to 40% SAVINGS 100% GUARANTEE FREE DELIVERY Cartridge Wodd-Altamonte Springs 801 W SR 436, Ste 1025 407-767-0680 ill ll liml www.cartridgewo re233 is made between the "indis- criminate attacks" launched by Hamas and intended to kill unarmed civilians, and the Israeli counter-attacks designed to kill only terrorists who hide behind civilians. ZOA National President Morton A. Klein said yester- day, "We are appalled that President Obama has chosen to join this initiative to pass a UN Security Council resolu- tion that would grant a tre- mendous victory to Hamas-- a practical victory, in terms of easing the blockade on Hamas-controlled Gaza, and a moral one, by having the military action of both Israel and Hamas condemned as if they were of equal moral quality." The resolution under UN consideration was framed by British, French and German diplomats. It was learned yes- terday that the U.S. had also joined the initiative. The ZOA also condemned the ceasefire proposal for calling to lift parts of Israel's lawful blockade of Gaza. The organization notes that the blockade is designed to pre- vent weaponry and war ma- teriel reaching Hamas. Klein termed the resolution "morally worthless," in that it does not condemn the Hamas terrorist aggressor by name, even though Hamas is listed by both the US and the EU as a terrorist organization that ac- tively calls for the destruction of Israel. He added thatthough this is the type of resolution that would normally result in either a US veto or appropriate modifications, "instead, the Obama Administration ap- pears to have climbed on board this shabby, dishonest and fraudulent document, which represent amoral politics of the lowest common denominator." The ZOA found some posi- tive in the proposed resolu- tion: "We are aware the reso- lution contains other, useful elements--prohibition of the sale or supply of weapons and munitions to Gaza, security arrangements to prevent re- sumption of hostilities--but long experience of the UN system has shown that these calls are merely aspirational and rarely lead to any results." "We call upon the U.S. Congress and indeed all Americans to urge the Obama Administration to amend or else veto this resolution," the ZOA concludes. Buy I cartridge at regular prme, % nd receive 35 off2 one of equal or lesser value. (sSO max value), LOS ANGELES (JTA)-- Comedian Sarah Silverman broke out a Jewish joke as she took home atrophy at the 2014 Emmy Awards. Silverman won for Best Writing for a Variety Show for her HBO comedy special "Sarah Silverman:We are Mir- acles." Upon being announced as the winner, she dashed onto the stage barefoot and thanked heragents, saying,"Thankyou to my Jews at CAA." Prior to Monday night's ceremony, Silverman set the Internet abuzz when she an- nounced in an interview on the red carpet that she had brought with her a vaporizer with liquid pot. Another Jewish winner was Julianna Margulies, who took home the Emmy as Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama for her role as Alicia Florrick on CBS's "The Good Wife." It was the third Emmy ',rman wins Sarah Silverman for Margulies, who had won earlier for "The Good Wife" as well as for "ER." The Emmy for Outstanding TV Movie went to HBO's "The Normal Heart," based on the 1985 play by Larry Kramer, a Jewish writer and AIDS activ- ist. Kramer's screenplay lost to Noah Hawley for "Fargo."