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September 5, 2003

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PAGE 18 Debate bers of the editorial staff. They meet every three months or so Continued from page 1 to review any concepts up for much they will deviate from debate. the style of choice. The source, a style commit- TheSentinel"stylecommit- tee member, explained to the tee," consists of 10 - 15 mere- Heritage Florida Jewish News HANDYMAN SERVICE Handy man and General Maintenance Air Conditioning Electrical Plumbing Carpentry Formerly handled maintenance at JCC References available STEVE'S SERVICES Call Steve Doyle at (386) 668-8960 COMPLETE EYE EXAMS - $59.00 I I I I so o. ,250. i any frame all sunglasses & (With prescription : prescription glasses lenses purchase) I at regular prices at regular prices p~se.t co=re. I e~e.t Co=t~ I Expires 9/30/03 FJcpircs 9/30103 I DAVID GUBER Licensed Optician Repairs Same Day Service 407-644-2211 145 S. 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Although the State Depart- ment condemns the Hamas and Islamic Jihad as terrorist groups which was pointed out in the course of the discus- sion, and acknowledged as one of the factors considered, more weight seemed to be put on how the Arab community felt about the terminology. A two-week review of AP news features found the con- cep mixed depending on re- porters or stories. The AP Stylebook does not reference the use of "terrorist" or "militant," but when con- tacted AP replied with this ex- planation: "AP has no 'official' style on this. AP uses a variety of terms, including terrorism and terrorist. We often use more specific words, like gunman, bomber, separatist and rebel, if they help to better identify at- tackers or their methods." In an interview/discussion (April 2002), between NPR's On the Media co-host, Bob Garfield and Michael Kelly, editor of the Atlantic Monthly and a columnist for the Wash- ington Post, Garfield stated, The New York Times, Wash- ington Post and even Associ- ated Press all avoided the T- word when describing a re- cent bombing (2002) in a res- taurant in Haifa. This is a marked shift in word usage from before September llth. The Times, Post andAPhad no problem using the words ter- rorist and terrorism in their coverage of the August 9th (2001) Sbarro Pizza Shop bombing in Jerusalem. After Sept. 11 Garfield said, "the word terrorist is just too loaded " Kelly commented, "it's al- ways been politically loaded, because it expresses what you might call a politically loaded fact. Blowing up civilians is necessarily controversial. But it doesn't seem to me that those of us in the press add anything to clarity or honesty by declining to use the term just because it's loaded, and by substituting terms that we know are imprecise or even dishonest euphemisms." Kelly added, "There has al- ways been an organized lobby- ing campaign on all sides of that issue over matters of ter- minology, and after Septem- ber 11th you did not see a great deal of pressure on American news organizations to resist the use of the word "terrorist." So now, as opposed to the coverage of September llth, news organizations in describing exactly the same activity, face a different politi- cal reality which is that they are under much more pres- sure." "In an op-ed piece published in The Washington Post on October 5, (2001) the colum- nist Michael Kiusley, editor of Slateintemet magazine, argued that trying to define terrorism is impossible and in some cases (for example, Osamabin Laden) is actually absurd, though it is, as he said, a problem. He called media avoidance of use of the term "terrorist" an moral relativism." The debate query in an internet brought up possible hits from sources. Locally Pynn won't presume to resolvel Middle East crisis here. tragic and involves acts l i gard as others who recoil at the lence -- doesn't warrant into impartial Coultoffstate: dictionar3 ism regardless of the trator, and regardless of! victim. The Sentinel identify terrorists as ists," when they kill civilians for ina wherever the terrorism curs, and regardless victim's ethnicity. achieve true Pipes Continued from page 1 Middle East affairs at the Na- tional Security Council, who they say has a track record of public comments that put his positions in line with Pipes'. Pipes was nominated for the post in April but his confirma- tion was postponed last month by the Senate Health, Educa- tion, Labor and Pensions Com- mittee after several lawmak- ers, including Sen. Edward Kennedy (D-Mass.), voiced opposition to it. "It certainly reached a level of attention and publicity that surprised me," Pipes told JTA on Monday. Major newspaper editorials came out for and against the nominee. Pipes said he was told the White House decided to use a recess appointment because of its eagerness to fill the institute's board, not because of concerns over Pipes' ulti- mate confirmation. Pipes said Kennedy and oth- ers misunderstood the writ- ing and work he has done for more than 25 years, at times taking his comments out of context and at other times dis- torting them. Arab groups claimed Pipes had said that Muslims do not follow proper hygiene, but Pipes said he was simply de- scribing the way Europeans look at Muslims. Also, he said many of the comments he has made about radical Islam often are mis- taken as accusations against the Muslim religion in gen- eral. "I'm making a fairly com- plexand novel argumentabout the differences between reli- gious Islam and radical Islam," he said. "It's an important ar- gument that needs to be made." Pipes said he will expand on his rationale for the objections to his nomination in a column for the New York Post. Hussein Ibish, communica- tions director of the American- Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee, said Pipes is pre- varicatingwhen he says that he is trying to distinguish between Islam per se and terrorist ac- tions linked to militant Islam. "He defaults to putting ev- eryone in an Islamist militant category," Ibish said. "You have to basically agree with his pro-Likud stance to not be considered a militant Muslim." Several Jewish groups quickly praised Pipes' nomination, including the American Israel Public Affairs Committee and the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Or- ganizations. TheAnti-Defama- tion League said Pipes had an "important approach and per- spective to the challenges fac- ing the U.S. in the post-9/11 world." The nomination of Pipes, a frequent lecturer to Jewish audiences, was being watched in the American Jew- ish community. Jewish offi- cials said they would have backed Pipes vocally if a fight over his nomination had erupted on the Senate floor. Instead, the community largely stayed silent so as not to derail a process that was moving in Pipes' favor. Among those who did speak out for Pipes was the Ameri- can Jewish Committee, which praised Pipes in a letter to Bush and wrote lawmakers in sup- port of the nomination. Pipes "is an eminently quali- fied scholar who no doubt will contribute to the important work of the U.S. Institute of Peace," the AJComittee's ex- ecutive director, David Har- ris, said in a statement after the recess appointment was announced. "Mter Sept. 1 became clear that Dr. warnings over the the threats pose around the world been remarkably Meanwhile, many Arab ers voiced their When word of Pipes' ing recess appointment came public earlier month, close to a lira and interfaith spoke out against a House against the ment. Ibish said Arab; groups consider the fact Pipes' nomination tory for their cause. "It's an " statement that the House had to do it he said. Pipes said his writingsl been more closel' in the past five cautious. "I've learn make sure things I be taken out of said. "It is the lesson have profited from." Killers Continued from page 2 Nachshon Wachsman. Wachsman and the Matkal team commander were killed in the operation. After the failure, Heffetz arranged a demonstration to show that Yamam could have succeededwhere Matkal failed. "It was important for me to prove, once and for all, that we were a life-saving asset beyond compare," Heffetz says. "But by then we had established our prominence and had won the necessary resources, and pretty much had our pick of the top talent." Out of 12,000 potential recruits every year, only a dozen or so make it through the grueling six- month course to wear Yamam's signature gray jumpsuits and insignia pin -- a medieval citadel with a su- perimposed Star of David, sur- rounded by a laurel wreath and paratrooper wings. Candidates must have com- pleted three years' mandatory military service in a combat unit and have earned high- security clearance. Yamam is an excellent springboard for a police ca- reer, but many veterans go freelance after a few years. The best Israeli security schools are run by Yamam men. The more adventurous Yamam veterans end up in darker areas of the globe, training body- guard squad,s and hit teams. A select few within Yamam are tapped for so-called "black operations" on behalf of the Shin Bet security service and the Mossad. A foreign pass- port or language skills are an advantage in these missions, but they are not crucial: Yamam's professional plan- ning, independent thinking and utter ruthlessness are enough, veterans says. "When it comes to neutral- izing the enemy, we know ex- treme measures are an op- tion," one Yamam veteran says. "Sometimes it is ideal to get the guy alive -- that makes for valuable intelligence. But if there is any sign of him gettingaway or posinga threat, we put him down." Some Yamam operatives go under- cover in Palestinian territory, disguising themselves as veiled matrons or elderly sheikhs, donning traditional Arab garb, darkening their faces with soot and cosmetics and even going on week-long hummus-and- kebab binges in order not to be betrayed by a ' /estern" smell to their sweat. Then they go into Palestin- ian casabas and refugee camps, stalking their quarry. Minia- lure microphones installed in sleeves allow for quick com- munication, and pistols or Uzis are used for maximum com- pactness. When the intifada began, Yamam suffered one of its worst failures when unit snip- ers opened fire on a crowd of Israeli Arab rioters, killing 13. Israel assigned an investigat- ing team to head an inquiry into the episode. Yamam snipers had to tes- tify a special commission -- albeit behind screens to pro- tect their identity. But it did not take long for Yamam to bounce back, tak- ing the lead in Israeli counter- measures against what became a bloody campaign by Pales- tinian terrorist groups. In late 2000, Israel began a new policy of track-and-kill O terrorists bombs" en route to The kind strikes used in the GaZa were limited in the West fic, putting a Yamam's skills. Sometimes without taking demolition experts at "tainting" upon assembly. The then passed on ing terrorists by tinian collaborators. The resulting blasts -- commonly to as %york accidents"- the double benefit Israel of and strategically certainty among as to whether they their The future of peaCe Middle East may be but the continuation rorism in the region certain. Given that nate likelihood make terrorists' liveS less certain.