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August 30, 2013

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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, AUGUST 30, 2013 PAGE 27A Gold From page 5A their dispute over Kashmir. A study by a Pakistani legal scholar of the EU-Indian trade negotiations points out that previously concluded free trade agreements with other countries "do not impose binding conditions in respect of particular geopolitical disputes." True, the EU has employed economic sanctions against rogue states like Iran and North Korea. But it does not use economic leverage against friendly countries en- gaged in territorial disputes. Looking at how the EU treats other territorial dis- putes, Israel has good reasons to be enraged with EU policy. Nevertheless, it will have to use its creative energies to bridge the gap with Europe and put its relations on a stronger footing. Israel does have something to work with. A German ad- viser to Chancellor Angela Merkel told The Jerusalem Post last month that Euro- pean cooperation with Israel in research and development in the EU's Horizon 2020 pro- gram is a European interest and not just an Israeli interest. The background to the EU's program with Israel is the need for Europe to improve its global competitiveness and increase jobs and economic growth on the continent after years of sluggish growth. The Horizon 2020 program is not a European handout to Israel, but a joint initiative by which Israel puts up funds by itself and receives 1.6 euros for joint research and development for every euro it puts in. Because of its scientific prowess, Israel is the only non-European country to have been invited to take part in this program. The Europeans knew what they were doing by inviting Israel, which is no longer viewed as a country known only for its Jaffa oranges, as it was in the 1950s. Clearly, both sides benefit from this cooperation and both have much to lose by its politicization by EU bureaucrats in Brussels. So what were the Europe- ans thinking when they got Israel involved in the first place? Economists have long recognized that knowledge- based industries are the fastest-growing portion of the global economy, and serve as engines for economic growth. These are precisely the tech- nological fields in which Israel leads andwhich Europe needs. In their book "Start-Up Nation," Dan Senor and Saul Singer quote an American high-tech executive who ad- mits that for companies like Google, Microsoft, and Intel, "the best-kept secret is thatwe all live and die by the work of our Israeli teams." Why should Europe jeop- ardize its cooperation with Israel, which has served as such an important partner for the U.S. companies? To go down the path of limiting its scientific cooperation with Israel seems to be, ultimately, a self-defeating policy for Europe itself. Then there is the issue of Israel's offshore gas fields. Europe presently imports most of its gas from Russia and from North Africa. David Wurmser used to serve as a Middle East expert for the U.S. vice president's office and later advised Noble Energy, which is involved in Israeli gas exploration. He points out in a paper for the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs that there are today five existing or planned pipelines connecting Europe with the gas of North Africa. Four of the pipelines come through Algeria, which is facing growing threats from al-Qaida affiliates. Elsewhere in the Middle East, as in Sinai, they have shown their readi,ness to sabotage such pipeliines. Having another source of gas from Israel could be critical for Europe if some of its current energy sources do not come available. Wur- mser concludes that Israel make Asia its preferred export destination and not Europe. This is a decision Israel will have to make as it influences JTA From page 24A cultural center and synagogue in the building. The City Council will vote on the plan this year. Alder- woman Hannie Art told De Gelderland she was confident it would pass. The building served Nij me- gen's some 500 Jews from 1913 to 1943, when the Nazis killed nearly all of them along with 75 percent of Holland's pre- Holocaust Jewish population of 140,000. Nijmegen's few Holocaustsurvivors could not shoulder the costs of keeping the synagogue operational and the building was sold. Van den Burg oversees the Jewish cemetery as well as archival research about the Jewish municipality. Since 2012, the Dutch municipalities of Werkendam, Amsterdam and Vlissingen have transferred five large properties to Dutch Jewish communities. how it builds its energy infra- structure. If Europe begins to present itself as an unreliable trading partner, then there will be many more Israeli voices who adopt the idea of making Asia into Israel's preferred market for its gas exports. Israel and the EU need to get past this problematic period in their relationship. A great deal is at stake for both sides. It should not be overlooked that a revival of bilateral ties between Europe and Israel will require rebuilding the good- will that has existed between both parties in the past, but has been damaged by the re- cent tensions between them. Dore Gold is the former Is- raeli ambassador to the United Nations and the current presi- dent of the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs. ........... j i ............................................................... Jewish Academy of Orlando wishes our families, friends, and neighbors a happy, healthy, and peaceful New Year JEWISH0000;00 ACADEMY00 ...... oFORLANDOi}n000000,00i i Thank you for 36 wonderful years as Orlando's only K-8th grade Jewish day school, offering accelerated academics within a culture of Jewish values. www.myjao.or9 ~ 407"647-071,3 13954 75269 68431 82796 49382 56147 31875 97628 2451 3 2678 8143 7925 1534 5716 3289 6492 4351 9867