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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, AUGUST 30, 2013 PAGE 23A Year in Retieu,: 5773 Miriam Alster/Flash90 Women of the Wall holding their monthly Rosh Chodesh service at the Western Wall, in contravention of rules barring women from wearing prayer shawls or reading from the Torah at the site, March 12, 2013. to recognize Hezbollah as a terrorist entity. After concerns ar expressed in the ensuing months that Bulgarian officials are backing away from their assertions, Bulgaria's foreign minister reassures Israel on the attack's one-year anniversary that Bulgaria still holds Hezbollah responsible. Uri Lenz/FLASH90/JTA President Obama greeted by children waving Israeli and American flags at a welcoming ceremony at Shimon Peres' residence in Jerusalem, March 20, 2013. The Australian Broadcasting Corp. identifies a man known as "Prisoner X, "who hanged himself in a maximum-security Israeli prison in 2010, as Australian-Israeli citizen Ben Zygier. Zygier is said to have worked for the Mossad. A British court convicts three British Muslims of plotting to carry out terrorist attacks in the country, including on Jewish targets. March 2013 Vice President Joe Biden tells thousands of AIPAC activists meeting in Washington that President Obama is "not bluffing" when he says he will stop Iran from acquiring a nuclear weapon. The U.S. State Department cancels plans to honor Egyptian human rights activist Samira Ibrahim after opponents note that anti-Jewish tweets were posted on her Twitter account. President Obama makes his first visit to Israel since taking office in 2008. In a speech upon arrival at the airport, Obama says the United States is Israel's "strongest ally and greatest friend." His trip receives widespread praise from Jewish groups. ALebanese=Swedish citizen is convicted in Cyprus on charges of spying on Israeli tourists for Hezbollah. The closely watched trial is a sign of Hezbollah's expansion of terrorist activities into Europe and fuels calls for European Union countries to designate Hezbolla'h a terrorist organization. Following prodding by President Obama, Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu agree to resume normal ties after Israel apologizes for the deaths of nine Turks in 2010 during a Clash with Israeli commandos aboard the Mavi Marmara, a ship attempting to break Israel's blockade of Gaza. Erdogan later balks, saying normalization will not take place until Israel fulfills its obligations under the agreement. Berlin's Jewish Museum provokes controversy with its "Jew in a Box" exhibit (formally titled "The Whole Truth"), in which Jews spend a shift sitting in a glass box and answering ques- tions from visitors. Mike Engelman, the owner of Doheny Glatt Kosher Meats in Los Angeles, is videotaped directing his employees to unload boxes of meat from his car while the store's kosher supervisor is absent. The footage leads the Rabbinical Council of California to revoke the shop's kosher certification the day before Passover, leaving many kosher consumers in the lurch. April 2013 French Chief Rabbi Gilles Bernheim resigns following revelations that he plagiarized the work of others in his books and claimed unearned academic titles. After being asked by Israel's prime minister to come up with a solution to the Women of the Wall controversy, Jew- ish Agency Chairman Natan Sharansky proposes that the Robinson's Arch area of the Western Wall be expanded and renovated to allow for egalitarian prayer there at any time. Reaction to his proposal is mixed. Salam Fayyad, the Palestin- ian Authority prime minister who was lauded for his techno- cratic approach toward state building in the West Bank, resigns. He is replaced in June by university president Rami Hamdallah, who announces after two. weeks on the job that he is quitting. Rabbi Michael Broyde, a prominent legal scholar in the Modern Orthodox community and professor al Emory Uni- versity, is forced to step dowr from a leading religious court after admitting that he systematically used a fake identity in scholarly journals. The admission followed a report by The Jewish Channel exposing the ruse. Bret Stephens, a former edi- tor in chief of The Jerusalem Post and now deputy editorial page editor of The Wall Street Journal, wins the Pulitzer Prize for commentary. The Museum of the His- tory of Polish Jews opens in Warsaw. The Jewish Museum of Casablanca reopens following a major renovation funded by the Moroccan government. The renovation is part of a broad effort led by Morocco's king to restore Jewish heritage sites in the country, including an ancient synagogue in Fez and dozens of former Jewish schools. May 2013 Following complaints from pro-Israel groups, the News- eum in Washington cancels a planned honor for two slain Palestinian cameramen em- ployed by a Hamas affiliate. Eric Garcetti, a veteran L.A. city councilman, becomes the first elected Jewish mayor of Los Angeles. With his victory, America's three largest cities boast Jewish mayors. The Claims Conference is embroiled in controversy after the public learns that officials at the organization failed to adequately follow up on allegations of fraud in 2001, miss- ing an early chance to stop what turned into  $57 million scheme. The disclosure comes during the trial of the scheme's mastermind, Semen Domnitser, who is found guilty. In July, the Claims Conference board agrees to some outside input in formulating plans for its future but votes to reelect its embattled chairman, Julius Berman, who oversaw a botched probe in 2001 into the allegations. A 13 -year-old Indian-American boy, Arvind Mahankali, spells the Yiddish-derived word "knaidel" correctly to win the 2013 Scripps National Spelling Bee. June 2013 U.S. Sen. Frank Lautenberg dies at age 89 after a long and accomplished careeradvocat- ing for Jewish issues. The Canadian Jewish News decides to abort a plan an- nounced in April to stop printing the newspaper. Yeshivat Maharat, a wom- en's seminary started by Rabbi Avi Weiss in 2009, graduates, its first class of Orthodox women clergy known as maharats. Liberal Jewish groups hail the Supreme Court decision striking down California's ban on gay marriage, while Orthodox groups express muted disappointment. Israel's Ashkenazi chief rabbi, Yona Metzger, is ar- rested on suspicion of fraud and money laundering. July 2013 German officials laying a wreath at Yad Vashem in Je- rusalem as Claims Conference officials look on, May 2013. In a letter announcing his retirement, Yeshiva University Chancellor Norman Lamm issues an apology, for mishandling sex abuse allegations decades earlier against faculty members at Y.U.'s high school for boys. Days later, several ex-Y.U, students file a $380 million lawsuit against the university. Three campers at the Goldman Union Camp Institute near Indianapolis are injured, one critically, in a lightning strike. A few days later, a Jewish camp counselor is killed by a falling tree at Camp Tawonga, a northern California camp located near Yosemite National Park. Egypt's army deposes President Mohamed Morsi, the country's first democratically elected leader. The Obama ad- ministration stops short of calling the action a coup, avoiding an automatic cutoff in U.S. aid to Egypt. Morsi had become deeply unpopular among liberal and secular Egyptians but retained deep-rooted support among members of his Muslim Brotherhood. Israel's ambassador to the United States, Michael Oren, an- nounces he will return to Israel after four years in the position. He is to be replaced by Ron Dermer, a senior adviser to Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. Both ambassadors are American born. Portugal enacts a law of return to makecitizenship avail- able to Jewish descendants of Portuguese Sephardic Jews. The move is intended to address the mass expulsion of Jews from Portugal in the 16th century. The European Union issues new guidelines prohibiting grants to Israeli entities in the West Bank, Gaza Strip, Golan Heights and eastern Jerusalem, prompting an outcry from Israeli officials. The European Union designates the militarywing of Hezbol- lah as a terrorist organization. The 19th Maccabiah Games open in Israel with a record number of athletes. After months of intense shuttle diplomacy by U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry, Israelis and Palestinians restart direct negotiations for the first time in three years. In New York, Jewish mayoral candidate Anthony Weiner admits to engaging in lewd online exchanges after his resig- nation from Congress amid a sexting scandal in 2011, but he declines to withdraw from the race. Meanwhile, San Diego's Jewish mayor, Bob Filner, rebuffs calls to resign as he faces a barrage of sexual harassment allegations, including from staffers. Intead, Filner takes a two-week leave of absence to undergo sex therapy. Rabbis David Lau and Yitzchak Yosef, both sons of former Israeli chief rabbis, are elected Israel's Ashkenazi and Sephardi chief rabbis. Days later, Lau is caught on tape using a deroga- tory term to describe black basketball players. August 2013 William Rapfogel, the longtime CE0 of New York's Metro- politan Council on Jewish Poverty, is fired and apologizes for misconduct and alleged financial improprieties, including al- legedly inflating insurance bills and pocketing the overcharges for himself. In a goodwill gesture to accompany renewed peace talks with the Palestinians, Israel releases the first 26 of 104 Palestinian prisoners, including terrorists convicted of murder. As Egypt's military rulers kill hundreds of civilians in a crackdown on the Muslim Brotherhood, Israel lobbies behind the scenes against a cut in U.S. aid to Cairo. Spencer Platt/Getty Egyptian protesters holding an anti-Morsi poster in Tahrir Square in Cairo shortly before the military's ouster of President Mohamed Morsi, July 3, 2013.