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August 25, 2017

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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, AUGUST 25, 2017 PAGE 11A This Holocaust monument in Belarus is haunting and subversive John Oldale/Wikimedia Commons "The Unbowed Man" statue at the Khatyn Memorial in Belarus commemoratesYuzif Kaminsky, a survivor of Nazi atrocities, and his slain son Adam. By Cnaan Liphshiz KHATYN, Belarus (JTA)-- Evenby Soviet standards, the massive memorial complex near Minsk to the victims of Nazi atrocities stands out for its immense scale and ambition. Spread across half a mil- lion square feet--roughly the size of 10 football fields--the haunting Khatyn Memorial is essentially a graveyard not for people, but for entire vil- lages wiped out by the Nazis in Belarus. Byelorussia, as it was then known, was one of the few places in Europe where German brutality to- ward non-Jews matched their anti-Semitic savagery. The memorial features soil from each of the 186 vil- lages razed by the Nazis in Belarus--3 million civilians here were killed by Nazis, including 800,000 Jews--and a symbolic tombstone for each village. Bell towers toll here every hour for each of the houses that the German and Ukrainian troops burned in the former village of Khatyn in the massacre of March 22, 1943. And there's a bleak, black marble monument called the Wall of Sorrow. The monument "was revolutionary," said Chaim Chesler, founder of the Lim- mud FSU Jewish learning group. "There is nothing quite like it anywhere in the former Soviet Union, not in terms of scale, design and concept." Limmud FSU regularly brings visitors to the monument. But the Khatyn monument is unusual not only for its size and the scale of the tragedy it commemorates. The complex's chief archi- tect was Leonid Levin, an uncommon honor for a Jew at a time of virulent state anti-Semitism in the Soviet Union. It also features a rare Soviet depiction of individual, unglorified grief and suffering by ordinary people: a statue called "The Unbowed Man." Designed by sculptor Sergei Selikhanov, the work depicts Vuzif Kaminsky, the only vil- lager who survived the Nazi massacre in Khatyn, cradling the corpse of his dead son, Adam. The Kaminsky fam- ily wasn't Jewish, but the father's grief stands for all the suffering inflicted on the region--and in stark contrast to typical Soviet-era statues of defiant soldiers or a glorious Mother Russia. "Theinclusionofsuchwork in Minsk commemorating was revolutionary when my Yanka Kupala and Yakub father decided on it," said Kolas, two of Belarus' great- Levin's daughter, Galina estpoets. Levina. "Architecturally and To Lewis, Levin's case is conceptually, he was decades indicative of haw individual ahead of his time." Leonid Jews who did lot engage in Levin died in 2014. Zionism or oher activities The Soviet rulers selected frowned upoi by Moscow Levin along with two other could be pronoted within partners to head the project the Soviet syst,m, despite its in 1967. State anti-Semitism anti-Semitism reached new heights thatyear After the fal of commu- with Israel's victory in the nism, Leonid ,evin became Six-DayWaragainstMoscow's the head of the Jewish com- Arab allies, munity of Belans and devoted "Ithinkitwasarecognition much of his pofessional el- of Leonid Levin's excellence, forts to projecs commemo- and a realization that he was rating the Jewgh genocide. the best man for the job," The Piet -li:e Kaminsky she said. statue, Lewis sdd, may have In 1970, Levin won the been a concessin by Moscow prestigious Lenin Award, the to the populati,n of Belarus, highest civil distinction of in recognition d the scale of excellence conferred by the atrocities comnitted against Soviet Union, for his work on their nation. X third of its Khatyn. He became one of population perished. only a handful of Jews who To Galina Levina, the ar- received it. chitect's daughter, this loss Chesler of the Limmud foreverbindsJevsandBelaru- FSU group said he found this sians. "It is even appropriate honor "the most astonishing that the man vho designed element of the whole story" the main momment for the of the Khatyn monument, tragedy of th Belarusian "Clearly, it shows Levin had people be Jewin," she said. a great deal of trust from Today, hundeds of thou- Belarus' communist rulers, sands of schoolhildren each and he used that trust to year visit the thatyn monu- make something truly great," ment, where he country's Chesler said. leader, Alexader Lukash- Simon Lewis, a histo- enko, delivers speeches on rian and research fellow at memorial days the Freie Universittit Ber- "It is a great lonor that my lin who has written about father created he site that is the Khatyn monument, told responsibleforhemaineffort JTA that Levin was probably of genocide edtcation in the selected for the job because country he lowd so much," he was trusted by the govern- she said. ment to deliver a monumen- When Levindied, he was tal, patriotic message, working on a nemorial for It didn't hurt that Levin the victimsofMlyTrostenets, had nationalist credentials anexterminatiocampwhere to offset his Jewish ethnicity, the Nazis kille the Jews of Lewis noted. Minsk, which e was never "He was a very promi- able to finish.Nhen Levin nent architect before he passedaway, hisaughtertook made Khatyn," Lewis said of over from himThe project Levin, "and his work shows a was completed a 2015. commitment to Belarusian She said th monument nationalityinacertainunder- was not only hc father's last standing of the term." project, but alo "the most Levin headed projects important" oneto him. " Orlando Weekday Morning Minyan (Conservative/Egalitarian), services Monday- " Friday 7:45 a.m. (9 a.m._nati0na[ holidayS); 2nd floor Chapel_Jewish Acade ray 0fOrtand6; 851 N. Maitland Ave., Maitland. For irdormation call 407-298-4650. .... Celebration Jewish Congregation (R), services and holiday schedules showfiat www,; 407-566-9792. Chabad Lubavitch of North Orlando (O), 1701 Markham Woods Road, Longwood, 407-636-5994, www.jewishorland0,com; services: Friday 7:00 p.m.; Saturday at 9:30 a m. Chabad of Altamonte Springs (O), 414 Spring Valley Lane, Altamonte Springs, 407- 280-0535; Chabad of South Orlando (O), 7347 Sand Lake Road, Orlando, 407-354-3600;www.; Shabbat services: Monday-Friday, 8 a.m. and 10 minutes before sunset; Saturday, 9:30 a.m.; Sunday, 8:15 a.m. Chabad of the Space & Treasure Coasts (O), 1.190 Highway A1A, Satellite Beach, 321-777-2770. Congregation Ahavas 1 mei/Chabml (O), 708 Lake Howell Rd., Maitlal l, 407-644- 2500; services: Sunday, 9 a.m:; Monday-Friday, 7:30 a.m.; Shabbat I servi ces: Ffiday, 6:30 p.m.; Saturday; 9:30 a.m.; Family service, 4th Friday of the month. :.i: aflon Bet Cli (R)', 301 West StateRoad 4, Unit 319, Winter Springs, 407-830-7211;; Shabbat services: Friday, 8 p.m. Congregation Beth ban (C), 3899 Sand Lake Road, Longwood, 407-862-3505; www.; Shabbat services: Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m. Congregation Beth El (C), 2185 Meadowlane Ave., West Melbourne, 321-779-0740; Shabbat services, 1st & 3rd Friday, 8 p.m.; 2nd & 4th Saturdays, 9:30 a.m. Congregation Beth Emeth (R), 2205 Blue Sapphire Circle, Orlando, 407-855-0772; Shabbat service: monthly, 8 p.m. Congregation Beth Israel (Bee), Collins Resource Center, Suite 303, 9401 SIR. 200, Ocala,352-237-8277;; Shabbat service, second Friday of the month, 8 p.m. Congregation Beth Sholom (B-C), 315 North 13th St., Leesburg, 352-326-3692; www.; schedule of services on website. Congregation Beth Shalom (Progressive Conservative), Orange City congregation holds services at 1308 E. Normandy Blvd., Deltona; 386-804-8283; www.mybethshalom. corn; Shabbat services: Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 10 a.m. Congregation B'nai Torah (C), 403 N. Nova Rd., Ormond Beach, 32174, 386-672-1174;; Shabbat services: Friday, 8 p.m.; Saturday, 10 a.m. Congregation Chabad Lubavitch of Greater Daytona (O), 1079 W. Granada Blvd., Ormond Beach, 386-672-9300; Shabbat services Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 10 a.m. Congregation of Reform Judaism (R), 928 Malone Dr., Orlando, 407-645-0444; Shabbat services, 7 p.m. 1st, 2nd and 3rd Fridays; 6 p.m., 4th and 5th Fridays; Saturday: 10 a.m. Congregation Match Chaim (R), P.O. Box 060847, Palm Bay, 32906, 321-768-6722. Congregation Obey Shalom (C), 613 Concourse Parkway South, Maitland, 407-298- 4650;; Shabbat service, Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m. Congregation Or Chaytm (Re,:), Leesburg, 352-326-8745;; services 2nd and 4th Fridays of each month at Providence Independence of Wildwood. Congregation Shalom Aleichem (R), 3501 Oak Pointe Blvd., Kissimmee, 407-935-I 0064;; Shabbat service, 1st and 3rd Fridays of the month, 8 p.m. Congregation Shomer srael (C), 5382 Hoffner Ave., Orlando, 407-227-1258, call for services and holiday schedules. Congregation Sinai (C/R), 303A N. S.R. 27, Minneola; 352-243-5353; congregation-; services: every Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Shabbat Service evert Saturday, 10 a.m. Orlando Torah Center (O), 8591 Banyan Blvd., Orlando; 347-456-6485; Shacharis- Shabbos 9 a.m.; Mon.--Thurs. 6:45 a.m.; Sun. and Legal Holidays 8 a.m.; Mincha/Maariv Please call for times. Southwest Orlando Jewish Congregation/Ohalei Rivka (C), 11200 S. Apopka- Vineland Rd., Orlando, 407-239- 5444; Shabbat service, Friday, 7:3O p.m.; Saturday, 9:3O a.m. Temple Beth E! (R), 579 N. Nova Rd., Ormond Beach, 386-677-2484. Temple Beth Shalom (R), P.O. Box 031233, Winter Haven, 813-324-2882. Temple Beth Shalom (C), 40 Wellington Drive, Palm Coast, 386-445-3006; Shabbat service, Friday, 8 p.m.; Saturday, 9 a.m. Temple Beth Sholom (C), 5995 N. Wickham Rd. Melbourne, 321-254-6333; www.; Shabbat services: Friday, 7 p.m.; Saturday: 9:30 a.m. Minyan, Tuesday, 7:30 p.m.; Thursday, 10:00 a.m. Temple Beth Shalom (R), 1109 N.E. 8th Ave., Ocala, 352-629-3587; Shabbat services: Friday, 8 p.m.; Torah study: Saturday, 10:00 a.m. Temple B'nal Darom (R), 49 Banyan Course, Ocala, 352- 624-0380; Friday Services 8 p.m. Temple Israel (C), 50 S. Moss Rd., Winter Springs, 407-647-3055;; Shabbat services: Friday, 7:30 p.m.; Saturday, 9:30 a.m.; Sunday 9:00 a.m. Temple Israel (R), 7350 Lake Andrew Drive, Melbourne, 321-631-9494. Temple Israel (C), 579 N. Nova Road, Ormond Beach, 386-252-3097; Shabbat service, Friday, 7 p.m.; Saturday: 10:30 a.m. Temple Israel of DeLand (R), 1001 E. New York Ave., DeLand, 386-736-1646; www.; Friday Shabbat service, 7 p.m.; Saturday, 10:00 a.m. followed by Torah study. Temple Shalom (formerly New Jewish Congregation) (R), 13563 Country Road 101, Oxford, 352-748-1800;; Shabbat services: Friday, 7 p.m.; last Saturday of the month, 9:30 a.m. Temple Shalom of Deitona (R/C), 1785 Elkcam Blvd., Deltona, 386-789-2202; www.; Shabbat service; Saturday: 10 a.m. Temple Shir Shalom (R) Services held at Temple Israel, 50 S. Moss Rd., Winter Springs, 407-366-3556,; Shabbat services: three Fridays each month, 7:30 p.m. Traditional Congregation of Mount Dora (T) Mount Dora, 352-735-4774; www.; Shabbat services: Saturday, 9:30 a.m. sharp. (R) Reform (C) Conservative (O) Orthodox (Rec) Reconstructionist (T) Mehitsa Ricardo Torres -- Handyman 407-221-5482 Available in Central Florida Area * References Available