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August 23, 2013

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PAGE 8A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, AUGUST 23, 2013 In 1933, a beautiful, young Austrian woman took off her clothes for a movie di- rector. She ran through the woods, naked. She swam in a lake, naked. Pushing well beyond the social norms of the period. The most popu- lar movie in 1933 was King Kong. But everyone in Hol- lywood was talking about that scandalous movie with the gorgeous, young Aus- trian woman. Louis B. Mayer, of the giant studio MGM, said she was the most beautiful woman in the world. The film was banned practi- cally everywhere, which of course made it even more popular and valuable. Mus- solini reportedly refused to sell his copy at any price. The star of the film, called Ecstasy, was Hedwig Kiesler. She said the secret of her beauty was "to stand there and look stupid." In reality, Kiesler was anything but stu- pid. She was a genius. She'd grown up as the only child of a prominent Jewish banker. She was a math prodigy. She excelled at science. As she grew older, she became ruthless, using all the power her body and mind gave her. Between the sexual roles she played, her tremendous beauty, and the power of her intellect, Kieslerwould confound the men in her life, including her six husbands, two of the most ruthless dic- tators of the 20th century, and one of the greatest movie producers in history. Her beauty made her rich for a time. She is said to have made, and spent, $30 mil- lion in her life. Hedwig Kiesler, aka Hedy Lamarr But her greatest accom- plishment resulted from her intellect, and her inx~en- tion continues to shage the world we live in today. You see, this young Austrian starlet would take one of the most waluable technologies ever developed right from under Hitler's nose. After fleeing to America, she not only became a major Hol- lywood star, her name sits on one of the most impor- tant patents ever granted by She U.S. Patent Office. Today, when you use your cell phone or, over the next few years, as you experi- ence super-fast wireless In- ternet access (via something called "long-term evolution" or "LTE" technology), you'll be using an extension of the technology a 20-year-old ~actress first conceived while sitting at dinnerwith Hitler. - At the time she made Ec- stasy, Kiesler Was married to one of the richest men in Austria. Friedrich Mandl J T~I~ Silver Coins Gold.Diamonds Daniel Mont i 407-831-8544 was Austria's leading arms maker. His firm g~ould become a key supplier to the Nazis. Mandl used his beautiful young wife as a showpiece at important business din- ners with representatives of the Austrian, Italian, and German fascist forces. One of Mandl's favorite topics at these gatherings--which included meals with Hit- ler and Mussolini--was the technology surrounding ra- dio-controlled missiles and torpedoes. Wireless weapons of- fered far greater ranges than the wire-controlled al- ternatives that prevailed at the time. Kiesler sat through these dinners "looking stu- pid," while absorbing ew erything she heard. As a Jew, Kiesler hated the Nazis. She abhorred her husband's business am- bitions. Mandl responded to his willful wife by im- prisoning her in his castle, Schloss Schwarzenau. In 1937, she managed to escape. She drugged her maid, snuck out of the castle wearing the maid's clothes and sold her jewelry to finance a trip to London. (She .got out just in time. In 1938, Ger- many annexed Austria. The Nazis seized Mandl's factory. He was half Jewish. Mandl fled to Brazil. Later, he became an adviser to Argen- tina's iconic populist presi- dent, Juan Peron.) In London, Kiesler ar- ranged a meeting with Louis B. Mayer. She signed a long-term contract with him, becoming one of MGM's biggest stars. She appeared in more than 20 films. She was a co-star to Clark Gable. Judy Garland, and even Bob Hope. Each of her first seven MGM movies was a blockbuster. But Kiesler cared far more about fighting the Na- zis than about making mov: ies. At the height of her fame, in 1942, she developed a new kind of communica- tions system, optimized for sending coded messages UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE A photo of U.S. Patent No. 2,292,387, granted to musician George Antheil and Hedy Kiesler Markey, which enabled the U.S. military to synchronize the frequency changes between a weapon's receiver and its transmitter. that couldn't be "jammed." nize the frequency changes actress. That's the name She was building a system on both the receiver and his movie company made that would allow torpedoes thetransmittef. Tosolvethe famous. and guided bombs to always problem, she turned to per- Meanwhile, almost no one reach their targets. She hapstheworld'sfirsttechno- knows Hedwig Kiesler was building a system to musician, George Anthiel. akaHedyLamarr--wasoneof *kill Nazis. Anthiel was an acquain-the great pioneers of wireless By the 1940s, both the tance ofKieslerwhoachieved communications. Her tech- Nazis and the Allied Torces some notoriety for creating nology was developed by the were using the kindofsingle- intricate musical composi- U.S. Navy, which has used it frequency radio-controlled tions. He synchronized ever since. technology Kiesler's ex- his melodies across12 player You're'probably using husband hadbeenpeddling, pianos, producing stereo- Lamarr's technology, too. The drawback of this tech- phonic sounds no one had Her patent sits at the foun- nology was that the enemy ever heard before. Kiesler dation of "spread spect.rum could find the appropriate incorporated Anthiel's tech- technology," which you use frequency and "jam" or in- nology for synchronizing his every day when you log on to tercept the signal, thereby player pianos. Then, she awi-fi networkor makecalls interfering with the mis- was able to synchronize the withyour Bluetooth-enabled sile's intended path. frequency changes between phone. It lies at the hear Kiesler's key innovation a weapon's receiver and its of the massive investments was to "change the chan- transmitter, being made right now in nel." It was a way of en- OnAug. 1],1942, U~S. Pat- so-called fourth-generation coding a message across a entNo.2,292,387wasgrant- "LTE" wireless technology. broad area of the wireless ed to Antheil and "HedyThis next generation of cell spectrum. If one part of the Kiesler Markey," which was phones and cell towers will spectrumjammed, themes- Kiesler's married name at providetremendousincreases sage would still get through the time. towirelessnetworkspeedand on one of the other fre- Most of you.won't recog- quality, by spreading wireless quencies being used. The nize the name Kiesler. And signals across the entire avail- problem was, she could not no one would remember the able spectrum. This kind of figure out how to synchro- name Hedy Markey. But it's encoding is only possible a fair bet than anyone of a using the kind of frequency certain age reading-this ar- switchingthatHedwigKiesler ticlewillrememberoneofthe invented. great beauties of Hollywood's Hedy Lamarr was living in golden age--Hedy Lamarr. Casselberry, Fla., when she That's the name Louis diedinJanuary2000.Andnow B. Mayer gave to his prize youknowtherestofthestory. Counter terrorism expert at Temple Israel .Callus byfor a visi join us for lunch, or a#:: the abo Youare a/ways welcome! 1301 W. Malarial Blvd: * Maitland, FL 32751 407-645-3990 t 1301W..Maitland Blvd. I Maitland, FL 3: 751 407 -645-3990 Assisted Living Facility License No 8447 Skille~ Nursing Facilit,/Licen,~e Ne 1635{]96 Temple Israel and the Zionistas of Orlando present guestspeakerWallace S. Brus- chweiler, Sr., who will speak on Israel's Counter Terrorism Program--the right approach and solutions, on Sunday, Aug. 25, from 2--4 p.m. Bruschweiler, a quadri- linguist and subject matter ex- pert on counter terrorism and national security issues, will explore various approaches used by Israel, the U.S., and Russia in combating terror- ist activity around the world. The event is free and open to the public. For more infor- mation, please contact Sandi Solomon at 407-575-9899. Wallace S. Bruschweiler, Sr.