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PAGE 2A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, AUGUST 16, 2013 A $30 one-pounder kosher cheeseburger, please.t David Parry/PA Wire The world's first lab-grown burger could be parve and thus paired with dairy products. event seemed full of promise for environmentalists, animal lovers and vegetarians. Another group that had good reason to be excited? Kosher consumers. The burger was created by harvesting stem cells from a portion of cow shoulder muscle thatwere multiplied in petri dishes to form tiny strips of muscle fiber. About 20,000 of the strips were needed to create the five-ounce burger, which was financed partially by Google founder Sergey Brin and unveiled by Mark Post of Maastricht University in the Netherlands. PETA hailed the event as a "first step" toward humanely producing meat products. A University of Amsterdam study shows that lab-grown meat could significantly reduce the environmental impact of beef production. For kosher-observant Jews, the "cultured" burgers could open the door to radical dietary changes--namely, the birth of the kosher cheeseburger. That's because meat pro- duced through this process could be considered parve-- neither meat nor dairy--ac- cording to Rabbi Menachem Genack, CEO of the Orthodox Union's kosher division. Thus under traditional Jewish law, the burger could be paired with dairy products. Several key conditions would have to be met to create By Talia Levin NEW YORK (JTA)--When the world's first lab-grown burger was introduced and taste-tested last week, the kosher, parve cultured beef. The tissue sampleswould have to come from an animal that had been slaughtered accord- ing to kosher rules, not from a biopsy from a live animal, Genack said. The principle underlying this theory is much like the status of gelatin in Jewish law: Though it is derived from an animal, it is not meat (the OU certifies some bovine-derived gelatin as parve). Genack noted another source for viewing cultured meat as parve: a 19th century Vilna-born scholar known as the Heshek Shlomo wrote that the meat of an animal conjured up in a magical in- cantation could be considered parve. It may not be too much of a stretch, then, to apply the same logic to modern genetic wizardry. But kosher chefs aren't heating up the parve griddles just yet. The lab-born burger, which cost $325,000 and took two years to make, is still a long way from market viability, kosher or otherwise. If mass produced, it could still cost $30 per pound, researchers said. "I'll believe it when I see it," said Jeff Nathan, the executive chef at Abigael's on Broadway, a kosher restaurant in Man- hattan. "Until it's in my hands and I can touch it, smell it and taste it, I don't believe it." Even if cultured beef be- came commonplace, con- sumers still might not be interested, said Elie Rosenfeld, a spokesman for Empire Kosher, the nation's largest kosher poultry producer. "Parve burgers made oftofu and vegetables have been on the market for years," Rosen- feld said. "But customers are still looking for the real deal, a product that's wholesome and genuine." Nevertheless, Nathan sounded an enthusiastic note about the potential for parve meat. "I'm all for experimentation and science," he said. "Let's see what it tastes like!" It's rabbi vs. rabbi in competing campaigns to overturn Poland's shechitah ban By Cnaan Liphshiz (JTA)--A few weeks be- fore Poland's parliament voted last month on whether to overturn a ban on ritual slaughter, Rabbi Menachem Margolin was scheduled to meet the Polish president in Margolin, director of the European Jewish Association and the Rabbinical Centre of Europe, both based in Brus- sels, saw a reason for the cancellation: Polish Chief Rabbi Michael Schudrich, whom Margolin accused of "torpedoing" the meeting. an effort to find a solution_to the problen'J. The ban had been im- posed in January, when a Polish constitutional court outlawed Jewish and Muslim ritual slaughter in response to a petition filed by animal welfare activists. But shortly before Mar- golin's meeting was to take place, President Bronislaw Komorowski's office unex- pectedly canceled. Schudrich denied the charge, and one of his as- sociates told JTA that the meeting was canceled after the president's office learned Schudrich would not be at- tending the meeting with Margolin. When parliament followed through with its 222-178 vote to uphold the ban on Jewish ritual slaughter, known as shechitah, Margolin again blamed Schudrich, calling By Robert Goldblum New York Jewish Week In a major new report on "next-gen" Jewish giving whose findings are likely to produce a collective sigh of relief among nervous com- munal professionals, young Jews of means appear seri- ously committed to donating to Jewish causes. And they are often moved to do so by a strong sense of Jewish and secular values passed down from their families. Yet the report, "Next Gen Donors: The Future of Jew- ish Giving," a collaboration among the nonprofit group 21/64, the Dorothy A. John- son Center for Philanthropy and the Jewish Funders Net- work, finds that young Jewish philanthropists ages 21 to 40 want to carry out their giving in vastly different ways than their parents and grandpar- ents. And they express serious frustration that they don't "have a seat at the table" in their family foundations, a rift the authors of the study see as potentially troubling. While there has been a widespread communal fear over the years that young him incompetent and de- manding that he resign. Schudrich in turn accused Margolin of meddling and jeopardizing Polish Jewry's coordinated campaign to overturn the ban. To outsiders, the back-and- forth accusations might seem bizarre. Whywould two rabbis who ostensibly share the same goal of reinstating the legality of shechitah in Poland go at each other's throats? The spat goes to the heart of an issue that has bedeviled communi- ties across Eastern Europe for more than two decades, ever since the fall of the Iron Cur- tain: control. Schudrich, a U.S.-born rabbi who has lived in Po- land almost uninterrupted since 1992, long has ruled the roost in Poland. Hewas named chief rabbi in 2004 and has close ties with Polish leaders. Perhaps because Schudrich has been around almost since the fall of communism, Po- land is one of the ex-commu- nist countries where Jewish affairs are not dominated by Chabad, the hasidic Orthodox outreach movement. Chabad operates only two centers in the country, com- pared to six serving the simi- larly sized Jewish community in Belarus and more than 30 each in Russia and Ukraine, where Chabad rabbis have laid claim to the title of chief rabbi--to the occasional consternation ofnon-Chabad colleagues. Chabad is eager to expand in Poland, says Rabbi Shalom Ber Stambler, the movement's emissary in Warsaw. Margolin, who was born in Israel, is affiliated with Chabad. One of the groups he heads, the Rabbinical Centre of Europe, has a 17-member rabbinical council that in- cludes some of the leading Chabad rabbis in Europe. Among them are Rabbi Berel Lazar, one of Russia's two chief rabbis, Hungary's Baruch Oberlander and Binyomin Jacobs of the Netherlands. The European Jewish As- sociation, the other group headed by Margolin, also has Chabad ties. Margolin sees Schudrich as more interested in preserving Young donors give in new ways Jews are becoming ever more distant from Jewish causes, the new report should calm some of that anxiety. Asked to delineate their giving priorities, 65 percent of respondents mentioned Religious and Faith-based causes. For their parents and grandparents, that figure is 78 percent. For younger givers, only the category of Education (73 percent) beat out Religious and Faith-based giving as a priority. In fact, Jewish donors make a prior- ity of funding Religious and Faith-based causes far more than their non-Jewish peers (32 percent). "While Jewish next gen donors do give less to Jewish causes than they perceive that their parents or grandparents do, our findings suggest that the community concern is overblown," the study's au- thors write. In-depth interviews con- ducted with 11 of the 88 respondents to the national survey reveal generational similarities and differences between the next gen co- hort and their elders. The younger group, while still committed to Jewish causes, tended to be more "secular" or universalistic in its giving, while their families tended to views giving through a more Jewish lens. "My parents tend to give to more established institutions and less grassroots-y local causes," said one respondent. "However, our conversations that lead us to those different choices often reflect common values and ideas about com- munity and giving back." In fact, the study found that when it comes to giving to the category termed "Combined Organizations" (including UnitedWay, UnitedJewishAp- peal/Jewish Federation), the next gen cohort listed its level of support at 51 percent; their families' level of support was 71 percent. (The level among non-Jews was 18.6 percent.) Said another respondent: "[My parents'] philanthropic approach doesn't match up with mine 100% because while they focus on the Jew- ish community, I think it's also our duty to help those throughout the community as a whole." Sixty-four percent of the next gen crowd supported giving to "Basic Need"; for their families the figure was 57 percent. Fifty-two percent of the younger cohort supported giving to "Civil Rights and Advocacy"; for their families the support figure was 31 percent. Sixty-one percent of the families of next gen respondents supported giving to "Arts and Culture"; the next gen figure was 44 percent. The respondents are evenly split between those in their 20s and 30s, 61 percent are women and most are white and live in the Northeast, Pa- cific or South Atlantic regions. Just over half are married and a third have children. Fifty- eight percent report earning more than $100,000 a year, and nearly half say they have a personal net worth of more than $1 million. Fifty-seven percent identify as politically liberal; 8 percent consider themselves po- litically conservative. Nearly 95 percent attend religious services at least once a year; about half say they attend only on the High Holy Days, and 40 percent report that they attend once a month or more. Next gen respondents spoke frankly about their frus- trations when it comes to playing a meaningful role in family philanthropy; it was a generational "disconnect" the study's authors cited as one of the surprise findings. Nearly 40 percent said they are "not involved" or "minimally involved" in their families' giving processes. The next gen group tends to be much more involved in their personal philanthropy--serving on nonprofit boards, encourag- ing friends to give and giving online. The manner in which the next gen group carries out its giving marks perhaps the sharpest contrast with its el- ders. While nearly 68 percent of Jewish next gen donors say they give to similar causes, only 52 percent say that they give in similar ways. The younger donors want their giving to be information-driv- en, hands-on, impact-focused, proactive and peer-oriented. Where their parents and grandparents may have been more socially motivated to give, one next gen respondent said, "I'm interested in many of the same causes but much less concerned about the recognition and more about participation and impact." his own power and influence within Poland than in coop- erating in a broad-based in- ternational effort to overturn the shechitah ban. Schudrich acts "irrespon- sibly, as though Poland is his own fiefdom, while ignoring the need for coordinated ac- tion on an issue which affects all of European Jewry and beyond," Margolin said. His "refusal to consult is the an- tithesis to how Holland's Jew- ish community collaborated with international Jewish groups until the successful overturning of the shechitah ban passed in Dutch parlia- ment in 2011." For his part, Schudrich says Poland on page 15A Drawing conclusions from the data, the study's authors seize on the fact that Jewish next gen donors place a real priority on giving to religious and faith-based ca,'ses. "If Jewish next gen major donors give to Jewish organizations because of their Jewish identities ... then this sug- gests Jewish philanthropic values have successfully been transmitted in these high- capacity families as well. This has yielded," the authors conclude, "next gen family members who give Jewishly of their own volition." But the authors also warn of the consequences of members of the younger generation playing such a small role in their families' giving. Specu- lating on why such a rift exists, the authors suggest, "The older generations want young people engaged, but fear the change that the next genera- tion might bring." The research, the authors conclude, "provides a wakeup call to those interested in the future of Jewish philan- thropy." Left unanswered is whether the generations will unite philanthropically, or go their separate ways.