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PAGE 12A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JULY 28, 2017 Andrew Tobin Nedal Sader sitting on his United Hatzalah motor scooter in the Old City of Jerusalem, July 14, 2017. By Andrew Tobin JERUSALEM (JTA)~When Nedal Sader first heard the crackle of automatic weap- on fire Friday morning, he couldn'tbelieve itwas coming from the Temple Mount. As a Muslim, he regarded the complex just outside his apartment as a sacred and peaceful place. He prayed there nearly every week. But as a seasoned first responder, he knew what gun- shots sounded like echoing off the stones of the Old City. He finished dressing, threw on his medic's jacket and raced to the scene. Sader, a 37-year-old nurse and father of five, was the first medical professional to arrive at the Temple Mount followi ng the attack in which two Israeli Druze police officers were shot dead. The three Arab-Israeli gunmen were then killed by police on the scene. Amid the carnage at the politically and religiously fraught complex, Sader said he simply tried to save whom- ever he could. "It doesn't matter who the person is," said Sader, a Muslim volunteer with United Hatzalah, the Orthodox Jew- ish-run ambulance service. "Whoever needs help most gets help first." Sader joined the mostly haredi rescue service in 2012, soon after his father died of a heart attack while waiting for an ambulance. He said he hoped to improve emergency medical care in theArab quar- ter of the Old City, which like other Arab neighborhoods in eastern Jerusalem has long suffered from lack of services. It is illegal for Jewish medics to enterArab villages or neigh- borhoods without a police escort because of security concerns. "I had to do something," he said. "I didn't want the same thing to happen to anyone else in my neighborhood or in Israel." United Hatzalah has about 300 Muslim, Druze and Christian volunteer EMTs, paramedics and doctors, who account for about 10 percent of the total, according to spokesman Raphael Poch. He said the organization began recruiting Muslims to serve their own neighborhoods about a decade ago. "We formed the organiza- tion to respond in every com- munity in Israel," Poch said. "Because we're community based, that means engaging Muslim volunteers." Sader said that in the past five years, he has responded to seven major Palestinian attacks in the Old City, often on a motor scooter provided by United Hatzalah. When responding to calls, Sader said, he leaves on his helmet and sometimes his sunglasses to avoid being identified as Arab. He also tries not to speak much. "I don't want to deal with being seen. SomeArabs might get upset. Some Jews might get upset," he said. "I focus on helping people. That's what's important." After Friday's attack, po- lice officers on the Temple Mount saw Sader coming and urged him to treat their fallen comrades. But he had to wait for a moment until the attackers--later identi- fied as cousins from northern Israel--were subdued. The ficst casualty Sader came uponwas one of the slain officers, whom he quickly determined was beyond help. Moving southward, he passed the bodies of two of the attack- ers and saw the third prone on the ground, surrounded by police. The officers directed him to the second fallen of- ricer and, finding no pulse, he began CPR. Soon thereafter, the sub- dued gunman leapt up and attacked the officers sur- rounding him with a knife--a moment that was caught on video. The resulting hail of police bullets, which killed the attacker, whizzed around Sader as he applied compres- sion with the help of another officer. Still, he continued for about 15 minutes, until an ambulance arrived. But the officer was never revived. When it comes to the ten- sions on the Temple Mount, Sader said both Arabs and Jews are to blame. The former site of the ancient Jewish tem- ple is the holiest in Judaism. Meanwhile, two Arab prayer sites, the Dome of the Rock and theA1-Aqsa mosque, make it among the most important places in Islam as well. Since Israel captured the Temple Mount from Jordan in the 1967 Six-Day War, the site has become a flashpoint in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Some Jews, mostly from the Orthodox national religious community, never accepted Israel's decision to keep the mount an exclusively Mus- lim prayer site after the war. Although Israel insists it has no plans to change the status quo, Palestinian suspicions to the contrary helped fuel the first and second intifadas, or uprisings, and the wave of stabbings and car-ramming attacks that started in Octo- ber 2015. Sader, who like most Pal- estinian residents of eastern Jerusalem has opted not to pursue Israeli citizenship, said violence is unacceptable in such a religious place. But as is common in the Arab world, he denied historic or religious claims by Jews to the mount and said he opposed allow- ing Jewish prayer and new security measures introduced since the attack. He did seem to concede the Western Wall to the Jews. "I respect the Kotel and other holy places, and I think people should respect our holy place," he said, using the Hebrew term for the Western Wall. On Friday night, Sader headed to his paid job. He worked a 24-hour shift at the Terem medical clinic in the mostly haredi West Bank settlement of Beitar Illit He said he respects religious Jews and their customs, and does not openly smoke or speak on his celiphone during his breaks on Shabbat, when Orthodox Jews eschew such activities. 3 pically, Sader said, he can get some sleep on the Shabbat shift. But this time he found himself pacing the halls all night, even when there were no patients to care for. "After a day like that, you can't sleep," he said. "But I'm OK now. We're used to stuff like this. It wears off after a little while." By Cnaan Liphshiz AMSTERDAM (JTA)--In a country where sex toys are displayed in shopwindows and television commercials often feature nudity, a picture of a clothed, heterosexual couple kissing may not seem like the stuff of scandal. But precisely such an im- age-part of a poster cam- paign celebrating diversity in the Netherlands--has trig- gered acrimonious debate, charges of racism, acts of vandalism and eventhreats by those who found it offensive. The reason: The women pictured in a series of posters were wearing Muslim heads- carves, including one woman who was shown kissing a man wearing a kippah. To some of the detractors, the poster campaign was a provocation designed to up- set the sensibilities of Dutch Muslims and other non-white minorities. But to campaign supporters, including some prominent members of the Dutch Jewish community, it was an important statement about the need to counter radicalism and coercion in the Netherlands' growing Muslim minority. Initiated by a Muslim ac- tivist for women's rights, Shirin Musa, the posters are part of a municipal initiative in support of women, mostly Muslim, who face abuse if they choose spouses their communities disapprove of. Bearing the slogan "In the Netherlands, you choose your own partner," the posters were placed in bus stops and on signposts across Rotterdam. Supporters of the initiative also handed out fliers with the images on the streets. The campaign features four couples locking lips against a background featuring the port city's iconic Erasmus Bridge: the Jewish-Muslim couple; a Muslim woman kissing a blond man; two women, one in a South Asian dress; and a black man with a woman who appears to be of South Asian descent. (Leefbaar Rotterdam, the rightist faction that led the municipally sponsored campaign, did not immedi- ately answer JTA's query as to whether the people in the posters were real-life couples or actors posing as lovers.) The campaign is in support of"women with an immigrant background from patriarchal communities," Musa said in an interview on Dutch television last month. Such women, she said, are subjected to violence and coercion over their choice of romantic partners. Citing a 2014 study by the Verwey Jonker Institue, a social policy research group, Dutch officials say there are between 600 and 1,900 vic- tims of forced marriage in the Netherlands. The report also describes wives who are held captive or abandoned. Virtually all of the major media in the Netherlands have reported on the controversy around the poster campaign. On the prime-time talk show "Pauw," the head of the Dutch Labour Party, Lodweijk As- scher, praised the campaign as "beautiful." But the posters triggered a backlash among some Mus- lims, including within As- scher's own party. One of Labour's representatives on the Rotterdam City Coun- cil, Fatima Talbi, wrote in an op-ed that she was "furious" about the campaign, which she said treats Muslims as though they are"backward'by turning the matter of forced marriage into "an integration issue." Tunahan Kuzu, a lawmaker in the Dutch parliament for the radical pro-Islam, pro-immi- gration party Denk, which in the March elections won three seats in the parliament's lower house, called the campaign "provocative, discriminating and patronizing." Several of the posters were vandalized, hateful rhetoric was directed at their supporters on social media and activists distribut- ing campaign fliers reported threats of violence. Police as- signed officers to watch over some of the activists following several incidents. One man told an activ- ist from Musa's Femme for Freedom organization: "I'm going to thump you on your f***ing head if you give me this flier," Tanya Hoogwerf, a Rotterdam councilwoman, told the PowNed television channel last month. Two men filmed themselves destroying a poster that was placed on a bus shelter. "Choose your own freedom, they say," one of the men said. "Rip it all the way out." Musa Movi, a well-known Muslim comedian, in a vid- eo called the campaign's ini- tiators "mosquitoes that you don't see coming, but when they get you--it's over." He then slapped his own neck as one does when killing a mosquito. The poster featuring the man wearing a kippah was the image that "drew the most attention and criticism" by Muslims, according to Ronny Naftaniel, the executive vice chairman of the Brussels- based CEJI group, a Jewish organization that promotes tolerance in Europe, and a former director of the CIDI Dutch Jewish watchdog on anti-Semitism. On Maroc.ni, a news site and forum popular with many Dutch Muslims, a modera- tor called the campaign the work of "racists and feminists who.., provoke Muslims during Ramadan with posters of a Jew kissing a Muslim woman." But, Naftaniel added, Mus- lim detractorswere more likely to focus on the depiction of Muslim women and less on the man wearing a kippah. Shirin Musa handing out fliers in Rotterdam featuring images from the poster campaign on free choice of partners, May 25, 2017. "The criticism by Muslims was that the campaign tries to enforce social norms on the Muslim minority," Naftaniel said. "And I thinkwe can debate this issue: Is the campaign say- ing that it's good if people lose their identity, intermarry into one big mishmash?" Although the campaign pro- voked no negative reactions in Jewish public circles, Naftaniel said, "many Dutch Jews would not like to see their child marry a Muslim, though they don't feel the need to say it." Despite his doubts about how the campaign can be interpreted, Naftaniel ulti- mately supports its message promoting freedom in choos- ing romantic partners. "You can choose someone from a different ethnicity to y )urs. But you don't have to. And I think the campaign could have been clearer about this distinction," he said. To Esther Voet, the editor- in-chief of the Dutch Jewish Nieuw Israelietisch Weekblad weekly, the "intensity of op- position that this campaign generated is the best proof of how necessary it is." It showed that in the Neth- erlands today, "for many Muslims, seeing a member of their own community kissing a Jew is an image that crosses a line, and that creates resis- tance," she told JTA. "And that sentiment is precisely at the heart of the reason that this campaign was started in the first place."