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PAGE 18A Rice From page 1A negotiations, forging close ties with Israeli leaders who favorednegotiating with the Palestinians. In 2007 at the summit shows herself to be hostile to Israel and to U.S.-Israel rela- tions,' said Klein, who often criticized Rice when she was secretary of state. "She pressed Israel to make one- sided concessions while not making sure the Palestinians fulfilled their obligations." meeting in Annapolis, Md Rice reportedly told a closed- door meeting of Israeli and Arab envoys that her childhood experience with segregation in the South helped her understand the Palestinian experience. "Questions will be raised on where she stands on Israel," said Jonathan To- bin, senior online editor at Commentary magazine. "I think it would make it a little harder for Jewish Re- publicans to use the issue for Israel against the Democrats." Morton Klein. the national president of the Zionist Or- ganization of America and a frequent critic of the Obama administration, sounded a similar note. "It understandably would be concerning to us if he's picking somebody who The speculation over Rice comes as Romney prepares to visit Israel later this month. While the bulk of Rom- ney's campaign attacks on Obama have focused on do- mestic issues related to the economy, one area in which the presumptive Republican nominee has sought to draw a foreign policy distinction is on Israel. Romney has ac- cused the president of being too witling to side with the Palestinians and not always standing strong with the government of Prime Min- ister Benjamin Netanyahu. By contrast, Rice's criti- cism of Obama on the han- dling of Israeli-Palestinian issues has been more tacti- cal. For example, in an in- terview with Foreign Policy magazine, she argued that pushing for an ISraeli settle- ment freeze was a mistake because it put Abbas in the position of having to be even more demanding by comparison. At the same time, some analysts note, a close look at Romney's positions and Rice's show little differences of policy on Israel. Both de- clare themselves champions of Israel's right to defend itself. Both support the two-state solution (though Romney has steered clear of emphasizing that point dur- ing most Of the campaign). But where Romney has no history in foreign policy for hawkish pro-Israel critics to seize upon, Rice does. And while candidate Romney can stake out Israel-friendly positions like promising to make Israel the site of his first overse s trip as presi- dent, Rice has what many Jewish conservatives would see as baggage. On the wider, overall topic of foreign policy, Rice has drawn conservative plaudits in recent weeks as she has echoed Romney in painting Obama as an ineffectual leader who has failed to lead on the world stage. In any case, any specula- tion about how Rice could affect the Jewish vote is a bit prematureor, some say, far-fetched. "Politicians of all stripes have always used the menu of VP selection as a way to court different constituen- cies," said David Makovsky, a senior fellow at the Washing- ton Institute for Near East Policy. "With polls showing that Romney faces a deficit when it comes to women voters, it is not surprising that his campaign would raise this possibility at this. time. However, the actual selection may be based on a different set of criteria, and foreign policy experience may be only one variable in this decision." On the one hand, Rice could make an attractive No. 2 for Romney. She has plenty of foreign policy ex- perience would have some appeal to at least two key voter demographics: women and African Americans. Rice also could help sway undecided voters. Yet while independent voters might welcome Rice HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JULY 27, 2012 on the ticket, conservatives likely would not. Her pro- choice stance is a non-starter for many Republicans, and in many foreign policy debates during the George W. Bush, Rice played the rela- tive dove to Vice President Cheney's hawk----espe- cially when it came to the Middle East and especially in the second term after she had shifted from being national security adviser to secretary of state. It seems unlikely that Romney, whose Mormon background and non-ide0- logical past as Massachu- setts governor already have stoked misgivings among conservative Christians, would choose a running mate who does not appeal to the Republican Party's conservative base. "The notion that Romney .would choose someone who doesn't have a pro-life posi- tion on abortion seems to me entirely a fantasy that makes no sense for him," Tobin said. But if Romney did choose Rice, would it cut into his conservative support? "She's been much harder on Israel than he professes to be, and whether that would satisfy his core base of conservative and evangelical adherents is an open ques- tion," said Seymour Reich, a former chairman of the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations. When Bush was president, Rice often invited Reich to meetings with Jewish com- munal leaders for a more dovish voice to counter those further to the right. As with any president seek- ing a secorid term, Novem- ber's election perhaps more than anything else is a refer- endurn on the incumbent. By that count, the person who occupies the bottom half of the Republican ticket really is a side issue. "For Jews, I don't think it will have an impact be- cause as president, Rom- ney is the one who makes the decisions," Reich said. "Those who are unhappy with Obama on Israel will not let Rice deter them from supporting Romney. It's the top of the ticket that always counts." Ariel From page 4A component is not-up to what is required for serious teach- ing at the doctoral level. They claim that existing universi- ties suffered greatly in budget reductions and staff downsiz- ings in recent years, and that another university will worsen whatever chances they have of repairing the damage. Ariel's supporters claim that the size and quality of is staff does not falJ below what Israel's newer universities had achieved when they passed from college to university status. Politics is the elephant in the living room. Ariel is not only in the West Bank. over the "green line" of the 1948 armistice that became Israel's border until 1967. It is the most prominent incur- sion into what Palestinians claim to be theirs. Significant members of Israel's cultural. artistic, and academic elites have declared boycotts on Ariel's theater and concert hall, as well as its institution of higher education. No surprise that Israeli academics are generally left of center on the topic of Israel and Palestine. along with just about every other issue, The trait may be somewhat less true of academics in the natural sciences, engineer- ing, business administration and economics than in other social sciences and humani- ties. but those gaps are more than made up by international allies of Israeli academics who have declared that Ariel is out of bounds. The other side is also well represented. Settlers have weight in Israeli politics, and they have friends in overseas Jewish communities who have been generous with their wealth. There is an institutional complication that will af- fect what happens. Israel's Coordinating Committee for Higher Education makes decisions about the programs each university is entitled to offer, as well as the status of institutions. The Coordinat- ing Committee represents the heads of universities and other institutions of higher education, and it opposes Ariel's upgrading. However, Ariel is not in Israel. The separate Coordi- nating Committee for Higher Education for Judea and Sa- maria (i.e the West Bank), approved Ariel's upgrading. Likud Ministers of Educa- tion and Finance. as well as the Prime Minister support the move. with the Minister of Finance promising more money to accommodate fi- nan cial concerns. Due to requirements for "occupied territory," the ultimate authority for Judea and Samaria is the Civil Ad- ministration section of the IDF. Military personnel will have a say about the status of the Ariel institution, as well as what courses and degrees it is allowed to offer. Another complication is that the budget committee of Israel's Coordinating Com- mittee for Higher Education parcels out the money coming from the government budget for higher education. It may require .some political and administrative acrobatics to overcome its members' res- ervations about Ariel. The conventional wisdom in political science is that government decisions- often do not play out as expected. Implementation is anything but automatic, especially in the case of decisions that are controversial. There is politics after an official decision as well as before a decision. In this case, the folks supporting a university in Ariel may be able to proclaim victory, but they will not have anything like Harvard or even the He- brew University--overnight, in the next year, decade or maybe millennium, we should all live that long. One can spin out scenarios until the cows come home, which is a metaphor popular at my former home in the University of Wisconsin. Colleges and universities change slowly, if at all, in quality and prestige. Faculty tenure means that it can take 30 years to change the charac- ter of teaching. Or even longer, insofar as the old fuddies make the crucial decisions about new hires and promotions. Institutional prestige i'nay lin- ger longer than it should, and continues to influence where a country's best students choose to study. They add their own accomplishments to each institution's prestige. In Ariel's case, the politics will carry on long after there is a decision about nomencla- ture. Anti-settler feelings in higher education wilI affect things, along with pro-settler loyalties in Likud and par- ties further to the right. The standing,of parties to the right of center may not be passing fashions in a situatiDn where the peace process is in deep coma. " Among the possibilities is that with Ariel as a univer- sity, the weight of settlers and Likud may bring enough new money into the overall budget for higher education to benefit all the universities. Yet there was an earth- quake in another quadrant of politics on the day that the Coordinating Committee for Higher Education for Judea and Samaria decided on up- grading Ariel, Kadima withdrew from the government coalition over the issue of drafting haredim. Support for the Netanyahu-led government thereby dropped from 94 MKs to somewhere in the mid-60s or even less than a majority, depending on whatever sub- sequent realignments occur. Among the new possibili- ties is an election in the next six months where support or opposition for continued benefits to the haredim will be the central issue. Should that overcome Netanyahu's rhetorical skills, the next government could be less friendly to the settlers as well as to the haredim. It's too early to lay your bets. Yet it's also too early for a grand celebration about the future of higher education in Ariel. Moshe Silman passed away after Sharkansky's deadline. Ira Sharkansky is professor emeritus, Department of Political Science, Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Thrive From page 5A tives that also are intended to establish strong connec- tions for Koach participants to the greater Conservative community. With the support of a movement, we can be sure to maintain strong continuity Sudoku solution from page ? 251 7938 6941582 7832.649 1765423 5483196 3296874 4159367 967821 5 8324751 64 37 51 8 9 7 2 1 5 2 8 43 9 6 throughout a young Jewish individual's life. Indepen- dent. nondenominational pro- grams might work at schools with a large population of leaders able to support one another, but schools such as mine need the support of the larger movement. Our small size reduces our abil- ity to identify and develop experienced leaders. Smaller independent programs rely on the occasional leader coming up on a campus and shining, while Koach provides leaders from other Conservative pro: grams and fills the gaps in the existing framework. A variety of Jewish move- ments are represented on the typical college campus. Each of the movements can be dif- ferentiated by how literally they take the various scrip- tures. While it is certainly of value to be inclusive of all who identify themselves as Jewish, countless young Jews throughout the country identify with the values and beliefs rooted in Conservative Judaism. If the movement is not supporting them during their college years, will there be a way to reconnect with these young adults once they leave the college world? Will they remain connected to the values espoused by Conse~a- tive Judaism, or will they find the other values towhich they have been more exposed dur- ing college more attractive? Is the movement willing to gamble its future that these young adults will be able to reconnect successfully? The Orthodox movement's college outreach is incredibly strong. I have tremendous respect and admiration for the efforts that Orthodox groups are making on our college campuses, but I am concerned that if they are the only de- nominational movement left on campuses, they will have the strongest connection to my peers. By relying on the Orthodox to connect to all Jewish students, will we be providing a black-and-white choice? Will the countless individuals who grew up Con- servative embrace Orthodoxy, or will they reject Judaism altogether? With the assistance and support of staff members at Koach, including its direc- tor, Rabbi Elyse Winick, and fellow students and profes- sionals in the Koach network nationwide, I have brought Conservative programming into some of our Pace Hillel events, including Shabbat programs and access to sev- eral interesting speakers and countless resources. These Conservative and progressive programs would have been much harder to achieve without Koach sup- port. At Koach Kallah, the organization'sye~rlyweekend retreat, I was able to experi- ence spirited Conservative davening and meaningful and relevant Jewish learn- ing for the first time since attending USY Encampment and conventions. I was able to connect with other Jewish individuals struggling with the same problems as I, meet fellow campus leaders and forge connections to other Conservative students from across the country. I came back to Pace with countless new program ideas, and with a refreshed sense of my Conservative Jewish values and identity. Without a unifying presence throughout the country, how will college students make the leap from USY, Solomon Schechter or just a Conserva- tive upbringing to be an active member of the Conservative movement as an adult? Douglas Kandl is a junior at Pace University, where hd is president of Hillel, which he helped establish, Koach representative and a Hillel Bridging the Gap fellow.