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June 28, 2013     Heritage Florida Jewish News
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June 28, 2013

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PAGE 2A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JUNE 28, 2013 By Linda Gradstein hiring practices; to receive there are efforts under way receiveaseriesofgovernment "Yariv Levin sees the Arab race. The Media Line higher salaries; and to get in the current government benefits, as disloyal and someone who In Israel, Arabs and Jews preference in receiving dorm to draft at least some of the "These benefits vary de- doesn't contribute to the often live separately. Arabs Anew law being proposed rooms at universities. None men. Women from what pending on what units were state," she said. "This law study in separate Arabic- by an Israeli parliamentarian of that would be considered is called the "national re- served in and the length of would justifydiscrimination speaking schools, and even would givepreferentialtreat- discrimination, which is il- l igious" stream, meaning service," Josh Hantmann, against Arabs." mixed cities such as Haifa ment in housing, employ- legal under Israeli law. Arab they observe Jewish law but a spokesman for Israel's It is not clear whether this usually have separate Arab ment and higher education organizations argue the law also study in universities, Ministry of Defense told The proposed billwill pass on the and Jewish neighborhoods. to anyone who served in is dangerous, often choose to do "national Media Line. three readings necessary to Recent polls show Jewish the army or did alternative "This law redefines theservice" instead of the army, A chart provided by thebecome law. Israel also has attitudes toward Arab citi- national civilian service. The concept of discrimination where they would have to be ministry showsbenefitsrang- anti-discrimination laws on zens of the state hardening. bill, which has been appro~ed and says that it is legal," in contact with men in ways ing from $5,000 to $8,000, the books and a proposed law Although only a handful of by the Ministerial Committee SawsanZaher, the head ofthe deemed religiously inap- although much of that can similartothisonewasstruck Arab citizens of Israel have for Legislation, has sparked economic and social project propriate, only be used for certain down during the term of the been involved in terrorism, controversy over whether it at Adalah, an organization ArabcitizensofIsrael, who designated purposes such as previous government. Adalah some Jews believe they are a discriminatesagainstgroups that promotes equal rights make up some 20 percent of education or buying a home. says itwill challenge this law fifth column and should not suchasArabcitizensofIsrael for Arab citizens of Israel, the state, have never been Demobilized soldiers also as well, if it does make it to be trusted. and ultra-Orthodox Jews, argued to The Media Line. subject to the draft. Many receive substantialdiscounts the next stage. Last year, a poll found that neither ofwhomdo military Heopinedthat,"Italsotreats of them have Palestinian on income tax and at least InthenortherncityofHai-almost two-thirds of Israelis service, the Arab as 'the other' and relativesandthegovernment one year's free tuition at the fa, Adalah won a court battle believed Jews should have "This important bill gives encourages incitement."did notwant to force them to university level, againsttheTechnion--called preferences in public sector thosewhoservetheapprecja- In Israel, all Jews arepotentially fight members Inhisbill, Levincastigated "Israel's MIT"--which was jobs. Almost half said that tion they deserve," coalitibn drafted into military service of their own family. Sev- groups of Israelis who, he giving preference in the as- Arabs in Israel should be chairman Yariv Levinsaic~as at the age of 18--men for eral hundred Arab citizens said, "show disloyalty to the signmentofdormitoryrooms stripped of their citizenship. he proposed it. "I am deter- three years and women for of Israelhavevolunteeredfor country andalackofcommit- to Jewish students who had Arab citizens of Israel say mined to promote this legis- two years. Ultra-Orthodox national service, although menttodefenditsexistence." completedtheirarmyservice, thatpassageofthisproposed lation until it becomes law." Jews, both men and women, the numbers remain small. Zaher of Adalah objected The court struck down the bill will drive an even deeper The measure would allow have been exempt from the After completing the army sharply to this type of ian- practice as an illegal alloca- wedge between the two sec- veterans to be preferred in draft until now, although or national service, Israelis guage, tion based upon the students' tors of the Jewish state. By Ron Kampeas WASHINGTON (JTA)-- Liberal Jewish groups fired a verbal barrage against a re- strictive abortion bill passed by the Republican-dominated U.S. House of Representa- tives, calling it "egregious," "outrageous," "an affront," and "deeply disappointingi." Such strong language is unusual in any case for groups that must engage with Con~ ~ gress, but especially when bill is dead in the water. The bill, passed last Tuesday in a 228-196 vote, would ban abortions after 20 weeks, a time when the bill's sponsor, Rep. Trent Franks (R-Ariz.), says the fetus feels pain. Leaders in the Democrat-led Senate already have said the measure has no chance of ad- vance. And President Obama likely would veto it if it did. Sowhy unleash on the bill? Liberal Jewish groups that have made reproductive rights a priority believe that such bills, even when they fail, represent a growing threat to Roe v. Wade, the 1973 Supreme Court decision that made abortion a matter Gage Skidmore U.S. Rep. Trent Franks, shown speaking in Paradise Valley, Ariz., in March 2013, sponsored a more restrictive abortion bill that passed the House of Representatives. of choice. "We know that yesterday's vote was symbolic, since the Senate will not take up the bill and the president has said he would veto it," Bar- bara Weinstein, the director of the Reform movement's Commission on Social Action, said in a statement. "Yet the symbolism of the bill's House passage is indeed important, demonstrating the unfor- tunate reality that women's reproductive rights remain at risk." Anti-abortion groups fea- ture prominently in the Tea Party movement, which helped sweep Republicans to their 2010 House victory and helped them keep control last year. Moreover, a conservative majority Supreme Court in 2007 indicated a willingness to place strictures on the Roe v. Wade decision by banning some late-term abortion procedures. Groups noted that the bill has no health exception. It also restricts abortions in the case of rape and incest by requiring alleged victims to report the crimes to the po- lice as a condition for having the abortion. Such reporting often does not occur because of the fear of public shame and reprisal from family members. "It imposes one particular set of religious beliefs on the entire nation, and denies women the ability to make their own decisions about their health and their future Photo by Allison Shelley/Getty Images Pro-choice supporters at a candlelight vigil in front of the U.S. Supreme Court in Wash- ington commemorating the 40th anniversary of the Roe v. Wade decision, Jan. 22, 2013. without political interfer- do so for a variety of reasons, to restrict, through federal ence," the National Council often life-threatening, includ- legislation, state administra- of Jewish Women said in its ingwhen the mother'slife isat tive regulations, or court ac- statement, risk, she is a victim of sexual tion, the right to reproductive Jewish Women Interna- assault, orthereisseverefetal choice and family planning tional called the vote "outra- anomaly," it said. programs delivering any and geous." Hadassah also condemnedall services." "Womenseekingabortions the vote and said it would Orthodox groups did not after 20 weeks of pregnancy "continue to fight attempts issue statements on the vote. By Cnaan Liphshiz BRUSSELS (JTA)--When guards dragged Shin Dong- hyuk from his North Korean cell in 1995, he was pretty sure the end was near. Dong-hyuk, then just 13, was born in the prison known as Camp 14, not far from Pyongyang. Camp 14 is part of a network of political prisons believed to be the largest in the world, where an estimated 150,000 dissidents and their families live in conditions reminiscent of Holocaust-era concentration camps. As he was brought to the camp's execution field, Dong- hyuk realized he wasn't the one due to be killed that day-- it was his mother and brother. The boy calmly watched the executions, he says now, hav- ing been brainwashed into believing his family members deserved to die. After all, he was the one who had turned them in. "They hanged her and shot him for planning to escape," Dong-hyuk, now 31, told JTA in Brussels. "I was only brought to watch." In 2005, Dong-hyuk (pro- nounced dong-YUKE) became the only known survivor of Camp 14. In the years since, he has traveled the world raising the alarm about North Korea's treatment of political dissi- dents, including five visits to the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington and a meeting with survivors in 2009 at the Simon Wiesenthal Center's Museum of Tolerance Left to right, Liebe Geft, Shin Wiesenthal Center's Museum North Korea, 2009. in Los Angeles. He plans to visitYadVashem in Jerusalem later this year. Earlier this month, he addressed a European Parlia- Courtesy Simon Wiesenthal Center's Museum of Tolerance Dong-hyuk, N.C. Heikin and James Egan at the Simon of Tolerance in Los Angeles during a screening of a film about mentconferenceonNorthKo- U.N. Watch, which considers rea's camps and was awarded Dong;hyuk a prime example the Moral Courage Awardof the human rights abuses from the American Jewish overlookedintheworldbody's Committee-affiliated group eagerness to focus its atten- tion on Israel. To date, the U.N. Human Rights Council in Geneva has convened 19 special sessions, none on North Korea. Israel has been the subject of six-- more than the Syrian civil war, in which 90,000 people are believed to have died, or the genocide in Darfur, which has claimed the lives of hundreds of thousands, according to some estimates. "Shin Dong-hyuk doesn't touch on our agenda, he is our agenda," said Hiilel Neuer, the director of U.N. Watch, "drawing attention to major human rights abuses that do not receive the attention they merit." Human rights investiga- Inaction on page 15A