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June 27, 2014

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PAGE 12A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JUNE 27, 2014 Israeli soldiers conduct a West Bank, June 16, 2014. search patrol in the Balata refugee IDF Spokesperson/F|ash 90 camp near Nablus inthe By Ben Sales TELAVIV (JTA) -- Since the three teenagerswere abducted last week, Israel's goals have been simple: Find them and punish their kidnappers Realizing those goals, though, is far from a simple task. The international com- munity has condemned the kidnappings, and Israel has spread its forces across Judea Custom Pnnt lvlat~ting Imitagc~ g- ~ts Digital ~- ~t PrZrrting ~ g- Booklets Direct Mail Ser~i~s Envelopes FOOTn ~ Letterheads 407-767-7110 w~vw, elegeu~tprlnting, net r, . - Mention This Ad and Receive 18% Discount - HANDYMAN SERVICE Handy man and General Maintenance Air Conditioning Electrical : Plumbing Carpentry Formerly handled maintenance at JCC References available STEVE'S SERVICES Call Steve Doyle at (386) 668-8960 and Samaria to search for the teens. Israeli Prime" Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has vowed to stop at nothing to find Naftali Frenkel, Gilad Shaar and Eyal Yifrach, But the effort is taking place amid an increasingly complicated period in Israeli- Palestinian relations. Israel is holding the Pales- tinian Authority responsible for the incident, but also is working with it to find the teens. Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas cot demned the kidnapping but now shares a government with Hamas,which has hailed the abduction. And while Is- rael has promised to do every- thing it can to bring the boys back, there are efforts in the Knesset to prevent prisoner swaps of the sort that freed hostages in the past. The teens were captured on June 12, and in his first public statement on the incident, Netanyahu two nights later wasted no time blaming the kidnapping on the new Pal- estinian unity government formed as a result of an agree- ment between Abbas' Fatah party and Hamas. "We hold Abu Mazen and the Palestinian Authority responsible for all attacks i ii Air Conditioning & Home A omation i!!iii~ i !;!! ."%1 i ii ii IIIIII , IL, I; .... = ma. It against Israel that originate OnTuesday, Israelarrested tn October 2011, Israel from their territory, whether 41 Hamas officials and,placed released more than 1,000 pris- this is Judeaand Samaria or additional restrictions on oners in exchange for Gilad the Gaza Strip," Netanyahu Hamas prisoners in Israel. Shalit, an Israeli soldier cap- said, using Abbas' nom de "It would have been easier tured by Hamas in 2006. Last guerre, had they kidnapped soldiers," year, Israel agreed to release On Sunday, Netanyahu saidJonathanFine, acounter- more than 100 Palestinian said he knew "for a fact" that terrorism expert at the Inter- prisoners as a precondition Hamasperpetratedtheattack disciplinary Center Herzliya. to entering peace tall(s with and again pledged to hold the "That they kidnapped teens is the Palestinians. P.A. to account, notgoingtoworkintheinter- But opposition to such But Israel's coordination national arena. They,re very exchanges has intensified with the Palestinian Author- quiet now because of tactical among right-wing Knesset ity on West Bank security reasons, butalsobecauseofan members whoviewprisoner has continued unabated. P.A. escalatingamountoffearover exchanges as fundamen- security forces are helping what Israel will do. If these tallyunjustandstrategically Israel comb the areas under kids are executed, Hamaswill misguided. Days before the P.A. control for the teens, pay a very, very high price." kidnapping, a bill proposed On Monday, Abbas and While Hamas may be be- by Ayelet Shaked of the Jew- Netanyahu spoke for the first hind the kidnappings, it has ish Home party that would time in more than a year. been particularly uncomfort- make it more difficult to Shlomo Brom, head of the able politically for Abbas. release terrorists as part program for Israeli-Palestin- He has forsworn violence of such exchanges passed a ian Relations at Tel Aviv Uni- but signed a unity deal with preliminary reading in the versity's Institute for National Hamas. He has condemnedKnesset. Security Studies, said itwas a the kidnapping, but official Following the kidnapping, mistake for Netanyahu to l ry organs of his Fatah party have Jewish Home's chairman, Naf- to pin the blame on Abbas. published cartoons praising tali Bennett, doubled down "That's the last thing he the kidnappers. And Abbas on his party's opposition to should do because now we opposes Israel's presences prisoner exchanges, telling need the Palestinfans," Brom in Judea and Samaria but is Israeli Channel 2 Monday that said."The!astthingweshould aiding the Israeli army in its "overthepast3Oyears, thefact do is weaken them." search efforts there, that we've freed about 10,000 Netanyahu's.accusation In the wake of the kidnap- terrorists over the years got that Hamas was behind the ping, the Palestinian Author- the other side used to the idea abduction was denied byity froze ongoing reconcilia- that if you kidnap, it's worth Hamas leaders, though they tion talks with Hamas. But it because you receive 1,000 also praised the kidnapping. Fine said Abbas is "walking terrorists, 100 terrorists." On Sunday, the prime minis- a very thin line," unable to Should Israel prove un- terreceiVedsupportfromU.S, publicly support the Israeli able to find the teens, said SecretaryofStateJohnKerry, military efforts or Hamas. Hillel" Frisch, an expert on who said "many indications "There's no doubt he's in a PalestinianpoliticsatBar-Ilan pointtoHamas'involvement." catastrophic situation," Fine University, public pressure to Some experts suggested said. "He was working on freethehostagescouldleadto that Hamas was the onlythe political level cornering aprisonerswap, evenifithurts organization in JudeaandSa- Israel [diplomatically], and Israeli strategic interests. maria sophisticated enough now Hamas comes up and "I feel bad for these three to carry out the kidnapping screws up everything. Hamas boys, but this whole attack but that it had nothing to backstabbed them." shows the bankruptcy of this gain from confirming Israeli In the past, when military policy" of prisoner releases, claims. Taking responsibility operations have failed to Frisch said. "[Terrorists] have for kidnapping children, they rescue hostages, Israel has an incentive. It's like playing said, would not gain Hamas turned to releasing Palestin- the lotto but knowing you're international sympathy and Jan prisoners in return for going to win. All they need is would encourage Israel to captured Israeli soldiers or to do something like this every expandits military operation, civilians, eight or 10 years." By Rabbi Rachel Esserman economic reasons: they were of everyday life. He's looking The Reporter, Vestal, NY required to either engage in to tell the"story 0fthe shtetl's trade or work in the liquor Jewish tavernkeepers, inter- When most people think of industry, particularly the national smugglers, members theshtetl, imagesremim scent ownership of taverns. The of Slavic gangs, traders in co- of "Fiddler in the Roof" pop leases on the liquor trade lonial commodities, disloyal into their heads: small vil- -which were monopolies - husbands and avid readers of lages filled with poor Jews, boosted the local economy books on ethics and Jewish struggling to make a living in and provided an income to the mysticism- ordinary Jews in an almost exclusively Jewish landlord. The same was true ordinary and extraordinary world. Yet, nothing could be of the many trading fairs that circumstances." The author further from the truth in the occurred each year, fairs that was able to uncover a large heyday of the shtetl. At one Jews helped run, in addition amount of demographic point, these thriving areas- to providing merchandise information from Russian whosesizerangedfrom2,000 brought from Germany and documents, including eth- to 20,000 people - were not France. These mestechki nographic studies, in addi- only populated by Jews, but were not exclusively Jewish: tion to court and other legal by a variety of ethnicities Eastern Orthodox, Catholics documents. This allows him an ireligions. In"The Golden and Lutherans lived within to discuss different aspects Age Shtetl: A New History of their borders, of Jewish life in great detail. Jewish Life in East Europe" The new Russian rulersOf particular interest are the (Princeton University Press), sought to destroy not only parts of the Jewish life with Yohanan Petrovsky-Shtern Polish revolutionary impulses which many people are unfa- discusses this golden age, - many Poles were unhappy miliar, including: which occurred between the with the Russian annexation The importance of the 1790s and the 1840s. During of their territory-- but to liquor trade to shtetl life. this 50-year period - which breakthePolishlandlordsand Petrovsky-Shtern notes that beganwiththe Russianparti, gentry's economic power. Al- "the liquor business shaped tion of Poland and ended with though the Jewish population the shtetl industry, trade and the Russian imperial iron age was generally pro-Russian, finance. Vodka became the -the shtetl heldan important this didn't prove to be in their shtetl's source of energy. Its economic place in Jewish life. benefit in the long run. Ruin- steady flow was responsible Petrovsky-Shtern notes ing the Polish gentry meant for most of the town's eco- that it is incorrect to use the ruining the economy of the nomic well-being. Whoever word shtetltodescribe these mestechki, which was one controlled the liquor trade towns orvillages. The correct of the causes of the decline controlled the shtetl." Jews term is mestechko, defined in the quality of Jewish life were given permission by as an area privately owned during the second half of the Polish landowners to open by a Polish landlord who 19thcentury'. tavernsandusuallyhadamo- benefittedfromanyeconomic Petrovsky-Shtern's focus, nopo!y on liquor Sales in the activity that took place on his however, is less on communal areas. The taxes raised from land. Jews were allowed to institutions-Russian, Jewish live in mestechki for specific or Polish- than on the facets Shtetl on page 15A