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June 20, 2003

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PAGE 2 JTA Weekly Summary Following are Jewish Telegraphic Agency's news briefs for Tuesday, June 17, 2003. Romania backtracks on Holocaust Romanian officials reversed course and acknowl- edged that the country's former leaders collaborated in the Holocaust. The Romanian regime during World War II used "methods of discrimination and extermi- nation, which are part of the Holocaust," a govern- ment statement released Tuesday said. The government's denial last week that any extermina- tion of Jews occurred on Romanian soil unleashed a torrent of criticism from Jewish groups and threats from Israel that diplomatic relations could be af- fected. Report: Encoded terror messages on Web Terrorist groups increasingly are slipping encoded messages to their supporters on the Web, according to a new report. "Digital Terrorism and Hate 2003" is a CD-ROM report of the Simon Wiesenthal Center. AI-Qaida and similar groups "have learned how to use every aspect of Internet technology" to support ter- rorism, said Abraham Cooper, the center's associate dean. In addition, white supremacist groups are at- tempting to attract children on the Web by using games and puzzles to spread their message of hate, the report said. Holocaust-looted painting returned A painting looted during the Holocaust era will be returned to its prewar owner. "Le Procession" was one of approximately 1,000 paintings owned by Ismar Littmann that was sold at a forced sale in Berlin in 1934, when Nazis ordered that Jewish-owned art be sold at rock-bottom prices. The return of the artwork to Littmann's heirs was processed by the Holocaust Claims Office of the New York State Banking Depart- ment. Ben-Eliezer drops out Benjamin Ben-Eliezer dropped out of the race for interim leader of Israel's Labor Party. The move by the former Israeli defense minister, who also is a former Labor Party chairman, paves the way for former Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres to be elected to the post in Thursday's race. The interim chairman is expected to be barred from seeking the permanent chairmanship in primaries set for next June. HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JUNE 20, 2003 im peacekeeping troops in Mideast unlikely By Matthew E. Berger Wolf and consisting mostly of Sunday." "But clearly, if force But the Bush administra- CIA officials comprises the is required ultimately to root tionseemsunlikelytoembrace WASHINGTON, D.C. (JTA) U.S. presence on the ground out terrorism, it is possible the trusteeship idea in whole, - Some inWashington are call- in the zone of conflict. Wolf there will be American partici- and it has shown no willing- ing for a U.S. or international and his team are not engaged pation." Neither lawmaker ness to entangle U.S. forcesin military force to curtail esca- in negotiations or peacekeep- went into details of how a U.S. the Israeli-Palestinianconflict. lating Israeli-Palestinian vio- ing; they simply are charged presence in the region would "We've looked at this situa- lence, but plans so far are too withdocumentingIsraeliand work. The only detailed plan tionmany, manytimes,"State vague to get off the ground. Palestinian compliance with for major U.S. participation in Departmentspokesman Rich- In theory, a peacekeeping their obligations under the a peacekeeping effort was ard Bouchersaid. force would create a buffer road map. penned recently by Martin "Third-party monitoring is between clashing Israelis and In the past week, as vio- In@k, the former U.S. ambas- whatwe'veconsistentlytalked Palestinians, reducingtension ienceagainsurgedafterabrief sador to Israeiwho now is di- about, because we felt, upon and violence. But analysts say glimmer of hope following the rector of the Sabah Center for careful analysis of the situa- it could be disastrous, with Aqaba summit, several law- Middle East Policy at the tion, thatwasthebestthingto American troops becoming makers and Middle East ex- Brookings Institution. help the parties achieve their targets for terrorists or inter- perts have suggested various In a Foreign Affairs article goals." Israeli officials, who feringwith Israel'spost-attack plans for a stronger U.S. pres- last month, Indyk suggested a balk at the idea of an interna- anti-terror operations,ence. trusteeship for the future Pal- tional monitoring or peace- In recent days, the White Sen. John Warner (R-Va.), estinian state. U.S. and inter- keeping force, also wouldn't House has issued statements chairmanofthe SenateArmed national trustees would over- welcome a purely American supporting Israel's efforts Services Committee, sug- see the establishment of the force. against Hamas and reiterat- gested using NATO forces, in- state, including the creation "Israel has never asked any- ing the need for terror to stop cluding U.S. troops, to pro- ofaconstitutionandeconomic one to defend us," one Israeli before the parties canprogress vide a force that could mini- institutions, official in Washington said. on the "road map" peace plan. mize violence until Palestin- U.S. and international spe- "The whole idea of someone But there has been little offi- ian forces could take over se- ciai forces and other troops defending us goes against the cial discussion of sending in curity responsibility, would be placed at the trustee's very foundation of the U.S.- U.S. troops. "It would not be a risk-free disposal, charged with main- Israeli relationship." In addi- Analysts say there is little mission,"WarnersaidonCNN tainingorder, suppressingter- tion, Israeli experts argue that chance of U.S. troops becom- on June 11, the day a Palestin- rorism and restructuring the peacekeepers would end up ing involved in the conflict, ian suicide bomber killed 17 Palestinian security services, working against Israel. They The calls for an American Israelis in Jerusalem. "But Indykwrote. would be powerless to stop presence in the region- often mind you, the NATO forces "The operationsofthetrust- terrorist groups' clandestine heard when violence intensi- would be composed ofa num- eeship force could actually be operations but could oppose fies- are an attempt to find an berofcountries.Possiblysome more effective than current Israel's more organized retail- alternative solution at desper- of our Americans would be a Israeli counterterrorism op- ations. ate moments, analysts say, and part - a relatively small part - erations in Palestinian towns Lawmakers on Capitol Hill aren'tbasedonanywell-vetted of the total equation." Several and refugee camps to the ex- echoed those fears. plan for a U.S. role. days later, Sen. Richard Lugar tent that they could rely on a One Democratic officialsaid Butsomesaytherecentcalls (R-Ind.), chair of the Senate reconstituted Palestinian se- it was "stupid" to think that for a peacekeeping force show Foreign Relations Committee, curity service thatwould have NATO or U.S. peacekeepers a clearer understanding that also floated the idea of Ameri- a greater ability to penetrate could confront Hamas better military force is needed to pre- can troops being sent to the terrorist organizations than than the Israel Defense Force. vent terrorist actions and that region. Israel does," Indyk wrote. "At the same time that we the Palestinian Authority is 'qNe have to be very, very Hesaidtheforcewouldneedhave U.S. forces getting am- not up to the challenge, carefulabout the use ofAmeri- to be large enough to "ira- bushed in Iraq, they think it At the moment, a group of can forces, whether they are to press Israelis and Palestinians would be a cakewalk to insert monitors led by envoy John be all by themselves, whether with its seriousness," but that U.S.troopsintotheWestBank with NATO, whether with the the total number of troops and Gaza," he said."It's a plan U.N "Lugersaidon"FoxNews could be under 10,000. built on hope." .rvung mmun Do You Have Pre-Paid Funeral Arrangements With Another Funeral Home? We Can and Will Accept All Other Pre-Paid Plans ~ I I ] i I I I I i i I I I I I I i i i ~ : 10% Discount on . : ttservlces and merchandise : | on any new i I I ' Pre-need contracts, n I I L i i i 1 I l nllml I I I I I I l Illlllm l I I I -"1 640 Lee Rd. Orlando, Florida W.E. "Manny" Adams, LFD James R. Cardinal, Executive Director Michael Meyer, Family Pre-need Counselor Tzvi Halikman, Ritual Director By Gil Sedan considered the ideological forerunner of many funda- JERUSALEM (JTA)--A re- mentalist Muslim organiza- cent terrorist attack in the tions. Gaza Strip that killed four Is- The spiritual leader of raeli soldiers represented a Hamas is Sheik Ahmed bloodydemonstration of unity Yassin, 66,whowas paralyzed among the three leading Pal- following an accident in his estinian terrorist groups - youth. Hamas, Islamic Jihad and the Yassin founded the Islamic AI-Aksa Martyrs Brigade. Center in Gaza in 1973, turn- Despitepastdifferences, the ing it not only into a major various terrorist organizations religious organization but also have increased their coopera- the basis for a network of so- tion in recent years, particu- cial institutions - including larly in the face of Israel's welfare, education and medi- counter-terror operations, cal institutions- that increased HAMAS: The largest oppo- the movement's popularity. sition party in the West Bank That paved the way for the and Gaza, Hamas' ideology founding of Harnas after the focusing on the destruction of first Palestinian intifada be- Israel is based on jihad, the gan in 1987. Muslim"holywar"againstthe In 1989, Yassinwas arrested heathens, by Israel and sentenced to life Hamas terrorists in the Izz imprisonmentfororderingthe a-Din al-Kassam Brigade, the killing of Palestinians who al- organization's military wing, legedly had collaborated with have conducted many attacks the Israeli army. - including large-scale suicide He was released in 1997 in bombings- against Israeli ci- exchange for two Israeli vilian and military targets. Mossad agents captured dur- In the early 1990s, Hamas ing an assassination attempt also targeted suspected Pales- on a Hamas leader in Jordan. tinian collaborators and rivals The group's leadership is in the Fatah movement, dispersed throughout the Gaza The group has not specifi- Strip and West Bank, with a cally targeted U.S. interests, few senior leaders in Syria, though some American citi- Lebanon and the Persian Gulf zenshavebeen killed in Hamas states. operations. Hamas receives some fund- Like Islamic Jihad, Hamas ing from Iran, but relies pri- has its origins in the Muslim marily on donations from Pal- Brotherhood, which was estinianexpatriatesaroundthe founded in Egypt in the first world and private benefactors half of the 20th century, in moderate Arab states. The Muslim Brotherhood is Some of Hamas' fund-rais- ing and propaganda activitY takes place in Western Europe and North America. Israeli intelligence in the past has pointed at possible links between Hamas and AI- Qaida and Hezbollah, but so far those ties have not been proved. ISI.MMIC JIHAD: This fun" damentalist group was in" spired by the Iranian RevoltV tion of 1979. Islamic Jihad is a coalitio0 of several radical Islamic fac" tions that became active after 1979 in the West Bank, mainly under the influence of the Ira" nian Islamic revolution a~d the growing Islamic militancY in the region. It, too, aspires to destroy Israel as part ofajihadist"holY war" to impose the rule of Is" lain in the world. The group carried out its first terror attacks in mid- 1986, before the first intifada began. The organization is led bY Ramadan Shallah, who is based in Damascus. It receives fi- nancial assistance from Iran and limited logistic assistance from Syria. The group operates prima" rily in Israel, the West Barll~ and Gaza Strip, but many of the group's leaders reside i0 other parts of the Middle East, including Lebanon and syria' In August 1988, the grouP5 leaders were expelled to Leba" non, where Fathi Shqaqi reor" See "Terrorize" on page 1~