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June 7, 2013

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PAGE 18A Water From page 1A salt from seawater--could be a game-changing solution to the challenges of Israel's fa- mously fickle rainfall. Instead, of the sky, Israel's thirst may be 'quenched by the Mediter- ranean's nearly infinite, albeit salty, water supply. Until the winter of 2011-'12, water shortages were a dire problem for Israel; the country had experienced seven straight years of drought beginning in 2004. The Sea of Galilee (also known as Lake Kinneret), a major freshwater source and barometer of sorts for Israel's water supply, fell to danger- ous lows. The situation got so severe that the government ran a series of commercials featuring celebrities, their faces cracking from dryness, begging Israelis not to waste any water. Even as the Sea of Galilee has returned almost to full vol- ume this year, Israeli planners are looking to desalination as a possible permanent solution to the problem of drought. Some even anticipate an event that was once unthinkable: a water surplus in Israel. Israel Desalination Enter- prises opened the first desali- nation plant in the country in the southern coastal city of Ashkelon in 2005, following success with a similar plant in nearby Cyprus. With Sorek, the company will own three of Israel's four plants, and 400 plants in 40 countries worldwide. The company's U.S. subsidiary is designing a new desalination plant in San Di- ego, the $922 million Carlsbad Desalination Project, which will be the largest desalination plant in America. In Israel, desalination pro- vides 300 million cubic meters of water per year--about 40 percent of the country's total water needs. That number will jump to 450 million when Sorek opens, and will hit nearly 600 million as plants expand in 2014, providing up to 80 percent of Israel's potable wa- ter. Like Israel's other plants, Sorekwill work through apro- cess called Seawater Reverse Osmosis that removes salt and waste from the Mediter- ranean's water. A prefiltration cleansing process clears waste out of the flow before the water enters a Series of smaller filters to remove virtually all the salt. After moving through another set of filters that remove boron; the water passes through a limestone filter that adds in minerals. Then, it enters Israel's water pipes, Semiat says desalination is avirtually harmless process that can help address the water needs prompted by the world's growing population and rising standard of living. "You take water from the deep sea, from a place that doesn't bother anyone," he said. But desalination is not without its critics. Some environmentalists question whether the process is worth its monetary and environmen- tal costs. One cubic meter of desalinated water takes just under 4 kwh to produce-- that's the equivalent of burn- ing 40 100-watt light bulbs for one hour to produce the equivalent of five bathtubs full of water. Freshwater doesn't have that cost. HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JUNE 7, 2013 Giora Shaham, a former long-term planner at Israel's Water Authority and a critic of Israel's current desalina- tion policy, said that factories like Sorek could be a waste because if there is adequate rainfall the desalination plants will produce more water than Israel needs at a cost that is too high. Then, surplus water may be wasted, or international bodies like the United Nations could pres- sure Israel to distribute it for free to unfriendly neighboring countries, Shaham said. "There was a long period of drought where there wasn't a lot of rain, so everyone was in panic," Shaham said. "Instead of cutting back until there is rain, they made decisions to produce too much." Fredi Lokiec, an execu- tive vice presidefit at the Sorek plant, says the risks are greater without major desalination efforts. Israel is perennially short on rainfall, and depending on freshwater could further deplete Israel's rivers. "We'll always be in the "shadow of the drought," Lokiec said, but drawing from the Mediterranean is like tak- ing "a drop from the ocean." Some see a water surplus as an opportunity. Orit Sku- telsky, water division manager at the Society for the Protec- tion of Nature in Israel, says desalinated water could free up freshwater to refill Israel's northern streams and raise the level of the Sea of Galilee. "There's no way we couldn't have done this," she said of desalination. "It was the right move. Now we need to let water flow again to the streams." Syria From page 1A Infants have suffered be- yond theiryears. Baby formula. supplied by the state no longer reaches rebel controlled areas with any consistency. Even when it does, its high tosts and lack of sanitary condi- tions make it prohibitive to purchase. "Syrian women do not breast feed," Dr. Badr Salibi, a 45-year-old internist tells The Media Line. "They are Googie From page 3A Schwartz's vision of a Glass- enabled Jewish life sounds incredibly futuristic Notifica- tions flash when it's time to pray. Nearby synagogues or ko- sher restaurants are instantly located. ImportantJewishdates such as yahrtzeits and holidays are never forgotten. Recently, a Chabad rabbi at Stanford University set up a Google Glass tefillin stand. Men who chose to don the ritual, leather straps then put on Glass and the blessing flashed before their eyes. Potential Jewish applica- tions for Glass are endless, Schwartz says. having problems shifting to this procedure; Some don't have the food they need to produce high quality milk. Others are too frightened by the war. As a result, without clean formula, the babies will soon die." Many here have become homeless. In provinces such as Idlib, internally displaced persons account for more than 40 percent of the popula- tion according to the United Nations. In Aleppo, more than half of the buildings have been destroyed. In the neighborhood of Bustan al-Basha, rows of edifices have been reduced to rubble. Clothes float in a ruddy pool of'water that has consumed the staircase of an apartment. No one lives in these unlivable structures. When the quarter was transformed into a front line between regime soldiers and the rebels, residents fled. Some moved in with rela- tives. Others sought shelter in "Let's say you Want to buy an. etrog," he said. "You can create a Google Hangout and have a rabbi look at the etrog as you are looking at it. The rabb.i can ask you to turn it to the right and turn it to the left, and can give you an opinion about it right away." Mike Vidikan of the Wash- ington, D.C.-based organiza- tion Innovaro, which provides insights abouthow flew tech- nologies will shape the future business environment, expects that Glass also could signifi- cantly change how consumers shop for koshe food. "As they start inspecting a particular group of foods," he explained, "notifications could \\; pop up with information about the kosher certifications, as well as reviews, and who in their social networks recom- mend it." In education, where infor- mation technology already is transforming the classroom experience, Glass could be yet another game-changer. Hebrew school classes could tour Israel virtually, seeing the country though the eyes of a guide equipped with the device. Students in various locations could participate in classes together, following text as seen through the eyes of a teacher. Cohen, who teaches at a . public school in central New Turkey and the refugee camps there. But the poorest did not have the means to travel and merely squat in buildings in safer parts of town. "I cannot take my family to Killis (in Turkey)," explains 52-year-old Wisam Salim. "We have heard horrible stories about it. So we found an apartment someone abandoned. It's nice. There just isn't any electricity." The lack of electricity paralyzes Syria's commercial capital. Some areas have been without power since the rebels enteredAleppo last July, Others enjoy sporadic bursts before it is cut. The wealthier have purchased generators. But the poor-- and they are the ones who largely remain--live in darkness cut off from the world "I have not viewed a television in six months," reveals 63-year-old watch repairman Ahmad Lawzi. "I know nothing beyond the war in the city." With the opposition Shuts tling between Western capitals, none of its leaders has devised a plan to create any form of government t manage the disasterAleppo has be6ome. Both rebels and opposition leaders seem content to allow the city to sink further into the darkness. As they do so, the beacon of freedom "and progress the revolution pledged appears dimmer than ever. Jersey, plans to develop an application that will help him learn his students' names. "I don't remember all the names of my students during the first weeks of school," he said. "I Want to be able to look at them and have their names overlapped on top." Despite the enthusiasm, tech experts from Jewish day schools are skeptical. Price is one factor. At $1,500, Glass is significantly more expensive than an i Pad or similar devices. Educators also are under- standably uneasy about a device that can snap pictures, literally, with the wink of an eye. Others point out that since Glass' apps are still being de- veloped, its educational value remains to be seen. "In a traditional classroom, I don't see where wearing the computer on my face is an enormous quantum leap in ease of use, efficiency and productivity over traditional computer modalities," said Seth Dimbert, director of educational technology at the Scheck Hillel Community School in North Miami Beach. "It's actually less useful if only I can see a com- puter screen. Classrooms are" about collaboration with-the people around youand mak- ing screens bigger and more portable, so more people can gather around them at once." Rabbi Tzvi Pittinsky, director of educational technology at The Frisch School in Paramus, N.J., expressed doubts as well. "Teenagers are freaked out by Google Glass," he said. "Who would want to have these glasses on all the time? It's scary." Ultimately, however, many believe that it's just a matter of time before Glass becomes more widely accepted. Many technologies now considered indispensable were greeted initially vith skepticism. "If people adopt it at the rate that they adopted smart- phones," Schwartz predicts, "then itwill have ahuge impact on Jewish life." Pride From page 4A civil rights, and gay marriage (which he credited, in part, to "immense" Jewish "influence" in Hollywood), some of his listeners may have recalled Tevye's line from "Fiddler:" "! know, I know. We are Your chosen people. But, once in a while, can't You choose someone else?" Chait wrote that Biden's speech "is likely to be quoted by anti-Semites for years and decades to come," adding that Olarn From page 5A action fetishism" (The Jewish Press, Nov. 19, 2008) and a "vulgar misuse and distor- tion by assimilationists." He concludes that Tikkun Olam is quite clearly "a theologi- cal notion and not a trendy. socioeconomic or political one," observing that,"Itwould be an exaggeration, but only a small one, to say that nothing in Judaism directs us to the pursuit of social (as opposed to judicial) justice." it had already gained trac- tion on white supremacist websites. "Jews regard [their success] with a mixture of pride and neurosis," wrote Chait. "The neurosis is a fear that our success will be seen as a kind of invidious control...." Pride and Neurosis sounds like something Jane Austen would have written were she Jewish, or the editor of a Jewish newspaper. Among ourselves, we like to talkabott Jewish accomplishment. But we also know that there are people who resent our good fortune and deserved success, or use it to confirm their own twisted prejudices. But there's a big difference between our enterprise and that of our enemies. When the Forward makes a list of "top Jews" the focus is inward-- not "Look who's running the world!" but rather "Look at the way Jewishness is being expressed in the marketplace of ideas and influence." When we write about "influential" Jews, we're talking about people who captured the Jewish imagination and the wider world's attention in a distinctly Jewish way. Likewise, when the Jewish medi tally Jewish "power" we do it to describe something about what it means to be Jewish. An anti-Semite sees Sheldon Adelson as another cog in,he Jewish conspiracy machine; a Jewish newspaper sees him as the embodiment of anumber ofconvergingtrends: the rightward drift of pro-Israel politics, the ability to translate Most recently there was the publication earlier this year by Oxford University Press of the scholarly book Faith Finding Meaning: A Theology of Juda- ismby Rabbi Byron L. Sherwin, which also highlights the current fallacy (pages 33-35). Calling it "a blatant distortion of the meaning of the term," a "substitute faith" and a "shib- boleth," he writes that "the current [promiscuous] usage of this term represents a category mistake, is a blatant example of conversion by redefinition, and constitutes a paradigmatic example of the reductionist fallacy" which is merely "lib- eration theology without the theology." He concludes, "Tik- kun Olam means'for the proper order of the Jewish community.' It is a longway from that defini- tion to 'build a better world.'" Please. Everyone. Enough with the Tikkun Olam. For Jews who truly do want to en- gage in Tikkun Olam, the only honest and authentic Jewish way to do that is to encour- age observance of the Torah across the entire spectrum of the Jewish Community. That in fact is actually what our responsibility is, nothing more and nothing less, and the rest is up to G-d--if we do our part, so will G-d. Grand Rabbi Y. A. Korff, the Zvhil-Mezbuz Rebbe of "Boston, is Chaplain of The City of Boston and spiritual leader of the Zvhil-Mezbuz Beis Medrash in downtown Boston and Newton. This column first appeared in The Jewish Advocate of Boston. personal wealth into national influence, the relationship between a man's philanthropic interests and his political activi- ties. We're not responsible for the anti-Semites' reductionist worldview. And I don't think anti-Semites rely on Jewish newspapers to fuel their hatred. Take away our ability to talk about Jewish cultural, politi- cal and economic impact, and what do we need a Jewish press for anyway? Don'tanswer that. Andrew Silow-Carroll is editor-in-chief of the New Jersey Jewish News. Between columnsyou can read his writing a the JustASC biog. Sudoku solution from page 7 816534972 372619485 459782631 683475129 125963748 947821563 791348256 534296817 268 1 57394