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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JUNE 1, 2018 PAGE 3A Dianne Feinstein By Ron Kampeas WASHINGTON (JTA)-- Sen. Dianne Feinstein, D- Calif said she was "deeply have been held weekly for disappointed" in Nikki Haley, close to two months, but the U.S. ambassador to the intensified on the day of the United Nations, for stopping embassy opening, leading to the U.N. Security Council from condemnations worldwide of investigating Israeli actions on Israel and the United States. theborderwiththe GazaStrip. Haley used the threat of "I'm deeply disappointed in the U.S. veto on the Security Ambassador Haley's decision Council to blockproposals for to block a U.N. inquiry into an inquiry and berated the yesterday's events," Feinstein, council for even considering who is Jewish, said Tuesday in the issue. a statement. "Without ques- "I ask my colleagues here tion there should be an inde- in the Security Council, who pendent investigation when among us would accept this the lives of so many are lost." type of activity on your bor- Israeli troops killed some der?" Haley said. 60 Palestinians attempting "No one would," she said. to breach the fence between "No country in this chamber Gaza and Israel on Monday, wouldactwithmore restraint the same day that the United than Israel has. In fact, the States dedicated its new em- records.0f severaI countries bassy in Jerusalem. heretodaysuggesttheywould The protests at the fence be much less restrained." Haley said that those who blame the embassy opening for the Gaza violence are "sorely mistaken." "The violence comes from those who rej ect the existence of the state of Israel in any location," she said. "Such a motivation--the destruction of a United Nations Member State--is so illegitimate as to not be worth our time in the Security Council, other than the time it takes to de- nounce it." Feinstein called on protest- ers to "remain peaceful," but appeared to lay much of the blame on the embassy open- ing and what she suggested was a lack of restraint by Israel. "While protests must re- main peaceful, Israeli forces must exercise greater re- straint in the use of live am- munition," she said. "Presi- dent Trump's decision to move the U.S embassywas aserious mistake that will reverberate throughout the region. U.S. recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital should have been resolved in the context of broader peace negotiations where both sides benefit." Sen. Bernie Sanders, I-Vt in a video posted on social media, also juxtaposed the embassy opening with the violence on the Gaza border. "The embassy move brought tensions to a boiling point," the Sanders video said. The video described the protests as "demanding an end to the ten-year blockade" Israel imposed on the Strip af- ter a season of intensive rocket fire on Israel, "an end to the occupation, and the right to return to their former homes inside Israel." Sanders, who in 2016 chal- lenged Hillary Clinton for the Democratic presidential nomination, is the first Jewish candidate to win major-party nominating contests. "Young American Jewish activists protested the em- bassy move," the video said, running footage of an IfNot- Now protest in Washington DC on Monday. The video said that Sanders and another 12 Democratic senators, including Feinstein, have written to U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo urging him to take steps to improve the humanitarian situation in Gaza. Philip Roth at the National Humanities Medal ceremony at the White House, March 2, 2o11. By JTA Staff (JTA)--Philip Roth, whose notorious novels about the By World Israel News Paraguay made history on Monday when it moved its embassy to Jerusalem from Tel Aviv, just days after the US and Guatemala made the same move. Paraguay's President Hora- cio Cartes, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, Israeli President Reuven Rivlin and several heads of state from both countries were present at the momentous ceremony. At the ceremony, Netan- yahu lauded Cartes as "a great friend of Israel and a great personal friend of mine.You're an unbelievable friend, and I have to say that this repre- sents the friendship between our countries but you gave it personal expression." "[Today is a] great day for Is- rael, a great day for Paraguay, a great day for our friendship," Netanyahu declared. "You've done much for your country, and now you're do- ing something for both our countries," he added. Netanyahu also praised Paraguay's decades-long sup- port of the Jewish people, including helping Jews escape Nazi Germany, Paraguay's sex drives of American men writings have similarly upset gave way to some of the most many Jews. probing examinations of the But after decades as one AmericanJewishconditionin of America's leading liter- the 20th and 21st centuries, ary lights, the anger Roth has died. once evoked was eclipsed by He was 85. His death was acclaim. Long after lesser confirmed to The New York novelists embraced semi- Times by his friend Judith retirement, Roth published Thurman. three magisterial novels that Early in his career, Roth came to be known as the drew outragewith sometimes American Trilogy. In "Ameri- stinging depictions of Jewish can Pastoral" (1997), "I Mar- life, as well as his graphic riedaCommunist"(1998)and portrayal in his breakout 1969 "The Human Stain" (2000), novel "Portnoy's Complaint" Roth traced the upheavals of of the protagonist's sexual the 1940s Red Scare, the tur- desires. Someworriedthathis bulent 1960s and the debates work wouldendangerAmeri- over political correctness in can Jews, providing fodder for the 1990s. anti-Semites. His 2004 novel "The Plot Roth, in his books, poked Against America" imagines fun at the wrath he incurred an alternative history in from some in the Jewish com- which Franklin D. Roosevelt is munity. One of his recurring defeated in the presidential protagonists, NathanZucker- election of 1940 by the pro- man, is a novelist whose own Nazi demagogue Charles after US, 3ssy a Paraguay's President Horacio Cartes with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. support of the creation of the its right to live in peace and State of Israel and its recogni- is building a praiseworthy, tion of the State of Israel in economically prosperous the United Nations. state that ensures its future "This occasion is of special and that of its children," he significance because it ex- added. presses the sincere friendship In addition to the US, and brave solidarity between Guatemala and Paraguay, a Paraguay and Israel," Cartes number of other countries stated during the inaugura- have expressed interest in tion ceremony, moving their embassies in "From the depth of my Israel to Jerusalem, among heart, Iappreciatethiscoun- them Honduras, the Czech try that courageously defends Republic and Romania. Lindbergh. In 2016, the book was much discussed as a prescient look at the populist tides thatwould sweep Donald Trump into the Oval Office over the more conventional Democrat. In addition to winning nearly every literary award for writers in English, Roth was also embraced by the Jewish community over his long ca- reer. Three of his books were honored with the American Jewish Book Award, and in 1998 he won the Jewish Book Council's Lifetime Literary Achievement Award. He was for decades consid- ered a front-runner for the Nobel Prize in Literature; it is one of the rare honors he wasn't able to claim. In 2014, the writer whose works were once denounced as profane and even self-hating was honored by one of Ameri- can Jewry's sacred citadels when the Jewish Theological Seminary, Conservative Ju- daism's flagship educational institution, awarded Roth an honorary doctorate at its commencement ceremony. "From enfant terrible to elder statesman. Time heals all wounds," Rabbi David Wolpe of Sinai Temple in Los Angeles remarked to JTA via email at the time. In 2012, Roth announced that he would not be writ- ing more books. In 2014, he declared after a reading at New York's 92nd Street Y that he was done with public appearances. The seminary's chancellor, Arnold Eisen, himself a soci- ologist, called Roth the "great- est sociologist on American Jewish life, without doubt." In an interview, Eisen noted his admiration for the Roth novels that examined the relationship between Israel and the Diaspora, such as "The Counterlife" and "Operation Shylock," as well as works that explored the American scene, like "The Human Stain" and "American Pastoral." "We are a community that treasures someone who holds up such a penetrating and insightful mirror to who we are and reveals the dilemmas and contradictions and aspi- rations of the community," Eisen said. "We are grateful for the mirror even if not ev- erything you see in it is easy." Many Jewish leaders in the 1950s and 1960s found it hard to embrace Roth, who had emerged from his cherished Jewish Weequahic neighbor- hood of Newark, New Jersey, to wide acclaim with his first novella and short story collec- tion, "Goodbye, Columbus." Although "Goodbye, Co- lumbus" won the National Book Award, older Jewish leaders objected to its portrayal of a conflict between a stuck- up, well-to-do Jewish family in New Jersey and a young working-class Jewish man from Newark. A short story in the collection, "Defender of the Faith," was about a Jewish army officer's conflict with Jewish soldiers trying to avoid combat duty. Jewish leaders' outrage at Roth peaked a decade later with "Portnoy's Complaint" and its exploration of lustful Jewish paranoia-- including a scene where the protagonist pleasures himself with a piece of liver. "What is being done to si- lence this man?" an American rabbi asked in a 1963 letter to the Anti-Defamation League. In one notorious incident, Roth was shaken by a hostile reception he received at a 1962 literary symposium at NewYork's Yeshiva University. Recalling being shouted at by hostile students after the event, Roth vowed to "never write about Jews again"--a promise, of course, that he did not keep. "There is a certain amount of poetic justice, an aes- thetically satisfying irony, in Philip Roth's beginning his career with a brouhaha at Yeshiva University and ending it with an honorary doctorate from the Jewish Theological Seminary--an honor per- haps more significant than the Nobel Prize that eludes him," Michael Kramer, as- sociate professor of literature at Israel's Bar-Ilan University, wrote in an email to JTA in 2014. "Would Roth himself have imagined such a plot? His endings tend to the tragic." The president of the Philip Roth Society, Aimee Pozorski, once said of Roth, "From the very beginning of his career, he has been deeply invested in representing the lives and fates of Jewish youth." Roth, however, often de- murredwhen itwas suggested that he should be defined as an American Jewish writer. "I did not want to, did not intend to, and was not able to speak for American Jews; I surely did not deny, and no one questioned the fact, that I spoke to them, and I hope to others as well," Roth wrote in his essay "Writing About Jews." Roth was also criticized by some as a misogynist, owing to his frequent portrayals of women as sex objects (the pro- tagonist's romantic partners in "Portnoy's Complaint," for example, all have derisive nick- names) and allegations about his behavior in his personal relationships with women. Nevertheless, appreciation abounded for Roth's contri- butions to the Jewish world, including his championing of writers from Eastern Europe. "If the Western world views itself through the lens of the modern Jewish experience, it is in large measure due to the novels, novellas and short stories of Philip Roth," wrote David Roskies, a JTS Jewish literature professor, in a note to the class of 2014. He added that Roth "has done more than anyone to further the literary explora- tion of the Holocaust, in his own writings, and by promot- ing great works and writers throughout the world." Beth Kissileff contributed to this article.