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PAGE 8A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, MAY 23, 2014 ADL survey: Mol:00 than a quarter of the world hates Jews Abid Katib/Getty Images Palestinian children play in a damaged building with a swastika and the Star of David painted on it in a Gaza refugee camp in 2005. The ADL's survey found that 93 percent of respondents in the West Bank and Gaza have anti-Semitic views. By Uriel Heilman NEWYORK (JTA)--Alot of people around the world hate the Jews. That's the main finding of theAnti-Defamation League's largest-everworldwide survey of anti-Semitic attitudes. The survey, released Tues- day, found that 26 percent of those polled--representing approximately 1.1 billion adults worldwide--harbor deeply anti-Semitic views. More than 53,000 people were surveyed in 102 countries and territories covering ap- proximately 86 percent of the world's population. "Our findings are sobering but, sadly, not surprising," ADL National Director Abra- ham Foxman said at a news conference Tuesday morning at ADL's national headquar- ters in New York. "The data clearly indicates that classic anti-Semitic canards defy national, cultural, religious and economic boundaries." Among the survey's key findings: Some 70 percent of those considered anti-Semitic said they have never met a Jew. Overall, 74 percent of respon- dents said they had never met a Jew. Thirty-five percent of those surveyed had never heard of the Holocaust. Of those who had, roughly one- third said it is either a myth or greatly exaggerated. The most anti-Semitic region in the world is the Middle East and North Africa, with 74 per- cent harboring anti-Semitic views. Eastern Europe was second at 34 percent. The least anti-Semitic region was Oceania (Australia and New Zealand) at 14 percent. The three countries outside the Middle East with the highest rates of anti-Semitic attitudes were Greece, at 69 percent, Malaysia at 61 percent and Armenia at 58 percent. About 49 per- cent of Muslims worldwide harbor anti-Semitic views, compared to 24 percent of Christians. The West Bank and Gaza were the most anti- Semitic places surveyed, with 93 percent of respondents ex- pressing anti-Semitic views. The Arab country with the lowest level of anti-Semitic views was Morocco, at 80 per- cent. Iran ranked as the least anti-Semitic country in the Middle East, at 56 percent. The least anti-Semitic coun- try overall was Laos, where 0.2 percent of the population holds anti-Semitic views. The Philippines, Sweden, the Netherlands and Vietnam all came in at 6 percent or low- er. Approximately 9 percent of Americans and 14 percent of Canadians harbor anti- Semitic attitudes. Thirty- four percent of respondents older than 65 were deemed anti-Semitic, compared to 25 percent of those younger than 65. Men polled were slightly more anti-Semitic than women. "The ADL's Global 100 in- dex will serve as a baseline," Foxman said. "For the first time we have a real sense of how pervasive and persistent anti-Semitism is today around the world." The survey gauged anti- Semitism by asking whether respondents agreed with an index of 11 statements that the ADL believes suggest anti-Jewish bias: Jews talk too much aboutwhat happened to them during the Holocaust; Jews are more loyal to Israel than to the countries they live in; Jews think they are better than other people; Jews have too much power in interna- tional financial markets; Jews have too much power in the business world; Jews have too much control over global affairs; people hate Jews be- cause of the way Jews behave; Jews have too much control over the U.S. government; Jews have too much control over global media; Jews are responsible for most of the world's wars; Jews don't care aboutwhat happens to anyone but their own kind. Respondents who agreed that a majority of the state- ments are "probably true" were deemed anti-Semitic. Over the years, theADL has been criticized for overstating what qualifies as anti-Semi- tism, with critics suggesting that some of the statements used to measure bias actually are more indicative of admira- tion for Jews than anti-Jewish hostility. Foxman addressed such criticism on Tuesday. "We frequently get accused of seeing anti-Semitism ev- erywhere, and we're very con- scious about the credibility," he said. "We were cautious, we were conservative, to under- state rather than overstate." The survey was overseen by First International Resources and conducted by Anzalone Liszt Grove Research. It included telephone and in- person surveys conducted in 96 languages between July 2013 and February 2014. At least 500 adults were inter- viewed in each of the countries surveyed. The margin of error is 4.4 percent in countries with 500 interviews and 3.2 percent in countries with 1,000 interviews. The study was funded by New York phi- lanthropist Leonard Stern; the ADL declined to say how much it cost. The survey also questioned respondents about their at- titudes toward Israel. Outside the Middle East, Israel's favor- able rating was 37 percent, compared to 26 percent un- favorable. Within the Middle East, Israel's unfavorable rating rose to 84 percent. The only other region where Israel's unfavorable rating outweighed its favorable was Asia: 30 percent unfavor- able, compared to 26 percent favorably. Asked how many Jews they believe there are worldwide, more than half of the respon- dents significantly overesti- mated the number. Some 30 percent said Jews comprise between 1 and 10 percent of the world's population, 38 percent said the figure was larger than 10 percent, and 9 percent said more than 20 percent of all people are Jew- ish. The actual figure is 0.19 percent of the world's popula- tion, according to the ADL. After the Palestinian-pop- ulated territories, the most anti-Semitic places were Iraq, where 92 percent harbor anti-Semitic views; Yemen at 88 percent; Algeria and Libya at 87 percent; Tunisia at 86 percent; Kuwait at 82 percent; and Bahrain and Jordan at 81 percent. Israel was not included in the survey. "It is very evident that the Middle East conflict matters with regard to anti-Semi- tism," Foxman said. "It just is not clear whether the Middle East conflict is the cause of or the excuse for anti-Semitism. There is no statistical data at this moment to support causality." After Laos, anti-Semitism was lowest in the Philippines at 3 percent; Sweden at 4 percent; the Netherlands at 5 percent; Vietnam at 6 per- cent; the United Kingdom at 8 percent, the United States and Denmark at 9 percent; Tanzania at 12 percent; and Thailand at 13 percent. In Western Europe, the most anti-Semitic countries were Greece (69 percent) and France (37 percent). In Eastern Europe, Poland (45 percent) and Bulgaria (44 per- cent) topped the list, and the Czech Republic was the least anti-Semitic, at 13 percent. In the Americas, Panama (52 percent) and the Do- minican Republic (41 percent) ranked as most anti-Semitic. In Sub-Saharan Africa, Sene- gal was the most anti-Semitic, at 56 percent. The least were Uganda, Nigeria, Ghana and Tanzania, all at between 16 and 12 percent. The most commonly held stereotype among the ADL's list of 11 statements was that Jews are more loyal to Israel than to their home country-- a view held by 41 percent of respondents. More than one-third agreed with the statements that Jews have too much power in the business world and in international financial markets, that Jews think they are better than other people and that Jews don't care what happens to anyone but their own kind. By Debra Rubin JNS.org The Shabbat of Memorial Day weekend later this month will mark a first in American Jewish life: Three New York New pluJ',00listic military siddur will make the rou0000ds on Memorial Day weekend City congregations repre- senting the three major U.S. Jewish movements will daven from the same prayer book. Produced by the Jewish Welfare Board (JWB) Jewish Chaplains Council specifically Bat Mitzvah Elizabeth (Betty) Agranovsky, daughter of Marie andAlexAgranovsky of Longwood, will be called to the Torah as a bat mitzvah on Saturday, May 31, 2014, at Congregation Beth Am in Longwood. Betty is in the seventh grade at Sanford Middle School, where she is in the pre-IB program. She has played piano since the age of 4, and earned a black belt in Tae Kwon Do in 2013. Sharing in the family's simcha will be Betty's sister, Vali, and brother, Nathan; as well as her granparents, aunt, uncle and baby cousin. for the military, the siddur that the trio of shuls will use for those services made its debut at the Jewish Commu- nity Centers of NorthAmerica (JCC Association) biennial in late March. Distribution of the books to U.S. military bases worldwide began in April. JWB's last military prayer book was issued after World War II. Although it was updated in the 1980s, many chaplains found the old mili- tary prayer book lacking. To the Orthodox, there were too many omissions; gender- specific language, mean- while, bothered more liberal chaplains. "It was a small pocket edition, but it really wasn't adequate to hold a full range of worship services," Rabbi Harold Robinson, director of the JWB Jewish Chaplains Council and a rear admiral in the Navy Reserves, told JNS, org. "It had a great utility for the soldiers, but the chap- lains found it inadequate and brought their own." "A lot of the traditional liturgy just wasn't there," he said. "You could do a service, but it wasn't going to be acom- plete service,whichwas fine in the field," explained Robinson, but not on established bases that hold services on a regular basis for service members and their families. The result was a mishmash of prayer books at military installations. As chaplains of varying denominations came and went, service members found themselves adjusting to a new siddur. "You can look in the chap- lain closet at Ramstein [Air Base in Germany] and find a history of the chaplains who had served there," Robinson said. "An airman who is serv- ing in Ramstein never gets to emotionally, spiritually, own a prayer book... Everywhere he goes, he's experiencing a new prayer book. If you're in the military, you're not Reform, Conservative or Orthodox. You're just Jewish and a chap- lain come in and changes your whole world every two years, or you change bases every few year." For service members, there was no continuity. In 2006, JWB set out to fix that. A program of the JCC As- Siddur on page 14A JWB The cover of the new Jewish Welfare Board (JWB) siddur for the military.