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)RIDA JEWISH NEWS, MAY 16, 2003 Magnus Ransdorp, a pro- fessor at the Center for the from page 1 Study of Terrorism at the University of St. Andrew's in Mike's Place, kill- Scotland, agrees that recruit- three and injuring about ingsuicidebombersisacom- plex task. second British man, "It's a very deliberate ex- Khan Sharif, 27, fledploitative process," he said. his own sui- Terrorist organizations bomb did not explode,such as Hamas engage in "tal- is looking for him. ent spotting at certain radi- BritishMus- cal mosques and at universi- particularproblems ties," Ransdorp said. "They do extensive back- question of what it ground checks, then ask to be a Muslim in a people to perform tasks to society is unre- see if they can follow It invites the kind of through," he said. "Certain confusion that can characteristics, such as stay- them vulnerable," he ingpsychologicallycaimun- ~1JTA. der stress, make people suit- said he did not ix- able." Structuring its thesis see "a huge wave of in economic terms, pting" Harrison's paper says an im- a[tacks, because of plicit contract is drawn up obstacles to recruiting between the suicide bomber and the terrorist leader. ~Recruitment is aprocess, "Under the terms of the Lan act. Organizing these contract, thevolunteeragrees long range is very to trade life for identity. He he said. will die to promote the faction's terrorist objectives," Harrison writes. "In return, the faction agrees to affirm the volunteer's identity in the community as a warrior mar- tyr, and also provides means of destruction and self-de- struction." Ransdorp agrees that identity "may explain the ultimate act" of suicide bomb- ing, but he points out that money often plays a role as well. "There is the issue of fi- nancial compensation for the family," he said. Hamas, for example, pays the families of suicide bomb- ers between $4,000 and $8,000, he said. In addition, former Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein made payments of up to $25,000 to the families of sui- cide bombers, and the Pales- tinian Authority also pro- vides financial benefits to the families the bombers leave behind. That money may be well spent if another aspect of Harrison's thesis is correct: Continued from page 2 State Department official the Syrians were non- about a timetable Withdrawing from Leba- L, but Powell "underscored presence in Leba- should not be open- The Syrians also said Would look into the case butmade Hiller, principle re- associate at Tel Aviv 's Jaffee Center for Studies, said the on Syria now is too for it simply to finesse it has in the past. the United ,ria avoid a more confrontation there- to a greater de- in the past, on the of the Syrian leader- I~ to accommodate Ameri- Helle~: said. that depends on Assad's to break with his pat- tof behavior." One winner '* Syrian episode has been i Act, that Rep. Eliot (D-N.y.) has been push- dismissed by the or- ganized Jewish community and opposed by both the Clinton and Bush administra- tions, the bill now has become the underpinning of Bush ad- ministration pressure on. Syria. The bill would ban military and dual-use exports to Syria and ban financial assistance to U.S. businesses that invest in Syria. It also would ask the presi- dent to impose two additional penalties from among several options, such as restricting the movement of Syrian diplomats in the United States, prohibit- ing U.S. exports to Syria or preventing U.S. businesses from investing and operating in Syria. The Bush administration has stopped short of endors- ing the bill, but has made it clear that it could support it if Syria doesn't change its ways. The administration has "moved from opposing it to where it's part of the tool box," one Democratic congressional staffer said. "We're in that phase of pressure-filled diplo- macy where the markers have been laid down and we are waiting for performance." More than 70 lawmakers have signed on to the Syria bill. Sins. Barbara Boxer (D-Calif.) and Rick Santorum (R-Penn.) are expected to introduce a Senate version in coming days. But sanctions are n't the only option at Powelrs disposal if Syria does not comply. Israel also could be allowed to handle the Hezbollah problem itself. "There is no doubt that Is- rael would like to deal effec- tively with Hezbollah and is currently being held back," said Avi Jorisch, a fellow at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy. "The U.S. admin- istration is presently not giv- ing Israel the green light, but that could certainly change." If Syria complies with at least some of the U.S. demands, analysts say it might be taken off the State Department's list of states that sponsor terror- ism, or it could be rewarded with U.S. pressure on Israel to restart peace talks over the Golan Heights. State Department officials downplay that possibility, not- ing that Israel and the United States share many of the same frustrations with Syria, and that their diplomatic efforts in any case are focused on solving the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. from page 3 I love" and his personal best to the incoming offic- trustees. he is looking ~ain." Rabbi Steven Engel, spiri- tual leader of the 650 family congregation, stated that CLJ is blessed with a large pool of diverse and talented individu- als willing to serve their temple On behalf of the con- gregation he expressed his thanks to Ian Robinson, chair of the Nominating Commit- tee, for selecting such a well- rounded slate for the next year. The installation of the 2003 - 2004 officers and board of trustees will take place during Shabbat services on Friday, May 16 at 8 p.m. The commu- nity is invited to attend. from page 3 of Conservative. 's organization for of program- the needs with "Senior members of ue. name HAZAK is an ac- The hit stands for ,), the zayan (maturity) and the Kadima (looking So Hazak notes that )resents cu- lie, the abil- as zakeyn in a and has aspi- move ahead during the decades remaining. With that in mind, Hazak is designed to address the needs of seniors in full-service congregations where programming priorities are often largely targeted to the younger congregant. Significantly, however, se- niors are the most rapidly growing segment of the Jew- ish population. Hazak com- pliments congregational adult education programs with spe- cially designed social, spiri- tual and educational compo- nents geared to and for the senior population of a congre- gation. Hazak members not only have the opportunity to meet on a regular basis with peers from their own congre- gations but with fellow Jews from other affiliated Conser- vative congregations in their community, region and na- tion. More than 75 chapters have formed nationwide with over 20 in the Southeast Re- gion. This summer "Hazak on Wheels" will spend 10 days with 40 seniors from around the country on a tour of the East Coast of the United States. And this fall Hazak in the Southeast will launch its in- augural Hazak Cruise leaving from South Florida. For more information on COS Hazak Seniors, please call Berny Raft, president of Con- gregation Ohev Shalom Hazak Seniors at 407-657-8215 or Michael Landy at 407-298- 4650. PAGE 13 Terrorist leaders may not be interested in winning terri- tory as much as in maintain- ing a semi-lawless environ- ment where they have power and influence, he said. "You must distinguish be- tween the overt and actual aims of terrorism," Harrison told JTA. "Establishing a Palestinian state may not be the aim," he said. "There are clearly fig- ures within Palestinian soci- ety who gain from there not being a peaceful settlement." Regardless of the actual mo- tivation for suicide bombing, Harrison said he expected the tactic to "be around for a long time." "It's an invention. Once it's been invented, you can't un-invent it," he said. "You have to create the kind of con- ditions where it's not going to be profitable." His paper makes several recommenda- tions. On the tactical level, it advises weakening terrorist organizations and removing intelligence and policing, their financial means, there are limits on the effec- Butstrategically, itargues, tive power of states to re- oppression must be eased in press suicide terrorism with- the societies where suicide out addressing the underly- bombers originate, ing fundamental conflicts "Regardless of the effi- from which they spring," the ciencyofmodern methodsof paper concludes. 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