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May 16, 2003     Heritage Florida Jewish News
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NEWS, MAY 16, 2003 PAGE 11 )rn Hashoah from page 1 past history great- failure of Western a failure residing on one side conflict that this en- pros- for future respect and in ways that are s encoun- ge of religious that the world needs. the gulf represented by the synagogue can be over- so can any gulf, in- Ling the yawning :and the rest." g- and flawed theology. He 5who preached the hatred of Jews the mobs who responded to preaching by attacking he referred to time of the Holocaust, silence the controversy con- this day, he said. and frankly often defines the which, if it's true, s the dialogue impossibly XII during the Shoah not the crime but ? Evidence Perverted the meaning of Vatican. As recorded in his di- ary, Herzl's purpose was to ask for the Pope's goodwill, if not support, for the Jewish return to Palestine and Jerusalem. The Pope said to Herzl, '`we cannot prevent the Jews from going to Jerusalem but we could never sanction it. The ground of Jerusalem, even if it were not always sacred, has been sancti- fied by the life of Jesus Christ The Jews have not recognized our Lord and therefore we can- not recognize the Jewish people. The Jewish religion was a foun- dation of our own but it was superceded by the teachings of Christ the Jews, who ought to have been the first to acknowl- edge Christ have not done so to this day." Herzl replied that the Jews were in a terrible plight and was the Pope aware of their terrible sufferings? We need a land for them. Again, the Pope refused. Again, Herzl asked if the Pope was aware of the situation. "Yes," replied the Pope, "this very day the Church is celebrat- ing the feast of an unbeliever (St. Paul) who became con- verted to the true faith If you come to Palestine and settle your people there, we will be ready with churches and priests to baptize all of you." Plus X also expressed con- cern about Jewish plans to re- build the temple in Jerusalem. Since the temple had been de- stroyed forever, its destruction was now a matter of theology. To put the meeting in proper context, Carroll said that, at the time of the meeting between the two men, the anti-Semitism surrounding the Dreyfus mat- ter, which would be not be re- solved for another two years, was largely a Catholic phenom- L, betrayed the enon, driven largely by the nnission of the Church and French Catholic newspaper, Le the heart of Euro- h Culture. One focuses on only Pius it deflects attention away a much deeper inquiry s already been started by certainly by Catho- one that is far from he said. It is an in- during the profound in those self-same sa- theologies and Cro/x. He also noted that, in the late 19th Century, the official Vatican newspaper had said that France, above all, had a right to be anti-Semitic. When Alfred Dreyfus' wife, Lucy, wrote to Pope Leo, asking for his mercy andblessing, theletterhad never been answered. Hannah Arent characterized the Dreyfus affair as the dress rehearsal for the events of the 20th Century. The connection between Dreyfus add the Holo- sources of the sacred caust is made clear by an en- played its graving on the tombstone of in the silence but Capt. and Lucy Dreyfus in the Very coming of the bias- Montparnasse cemetery. Their Carroll daughter, Madeline, had been arrested by the Gestapo and then Carroll disappeared.After thewar, Lucy discovered she had been killed was early in andsomemorializedherdaugh- andTheodor ter with the single word the "Auschwitz." Affair," Herzl was so Carroll said the meeting be- the anti-SemitismtweenPiusandHerzlmadeclear fOUnded the World Zi- religious anti-Judaism but not racial anti-Semitism. It under- 1905, Herzl scored a basic assumption of by Pius X in the Roman Catholicism, namely that, while Judaism is an in- nately inferior religion, indi- vidual Jews are not innately in- ferior human beings; baptism can remove the impediments to full equality. This explains, he said, why most of the official Church pronouncements in fa- vor of Jews during the Shoah were in favor of baptized Jews. Also in the meeting between Pius and Herzl, the Church sees proof of Christian claims in the Diaspora as well as in the permanent destruction of the Temple, destroyed by the Ro- mans in 70 A.D. and super- ceded by Jesus Christ. It was taken as a sign of God's rejec- tion of the Jews for rejecting Jesus. When Christians con- trolled Jerusalem, he contin- ued, the Temple Mount was their garbage dump. As a result of a meeting be- tween Pope John XXIII and writer Jules Isaacs in 1960, the hardened anti-Semitic stance of the Church softened, as the Pope charged the Vatican Coun- cil with an examination of the relationship between the Church and the Jewish people. In 1965, the charge ofdeicide- that the Jews had killed Christ- was repudiated. The Council said,'`whathappened in Christ's passion cannot be blamed upon all Jews living then nor can it be held against the Jews living to- day." The Council also reaf- firmed God's covenant with the Jewish people, saying, "Now, as before, QOd holds the Jews most dear because God does not re- pent of the gifts he makes or the calls he issues." Carroll has a warm spot for Pope John XXIII, noting that not only had they met when Carroll was a teen-ager but the prelate, as papal legate to Tur- key during World War II, had provided hundreds of counter- feit baptismal certificates to flee- ing Jews. Finally, there is Pope John Paul II's historic pilgrimage to Jerusalem. Then-Prime Minis- ter Ehud Barak called it "a(n) historic journey of healing." John Paul II, said Carroll, has done more to bridge the divide between Jews and Catholics than any pope in history. To fully appreciate the journey, it must be seen in the context of the meetings between the two previous popes and Jews. Rather than receiving a Jew in the Vatican, he went to Jerusalem to be received by a Jew, acting on behalf of all Jewish people. In concert with Jewish leaders, John Paul II has enabled a new climate of trust and goodwill. Carroll noted three crown- ing moments of the Pope's visit to Israel. First was the repudia- tion of the Diaspora as proof of Christian claims. Second was his visit to Yad Vashem, and third was his visit to the West- ern Wall, when he walked its full length and placed into a crevice the piece of paper with photo by Richard H. G|eick grandchildren of Holocaust survivors, light six candles in memory Jews who died. (l-r): ANDREW FISCHER, DANIEL ROWLAND, MICHELLE KLAIMAN, SAMUEL NEBEL, JONATHAN FREIDMAN, RACHEL POHL and MAX who organized the candlelighting portion of the program. his apology, then prayed as a Jew would pray, without invok- ing Jesus' name. "We have the reversal of not only Pius X," Carroll continued, "and his concern for the perma- nence of the degraded Temple, but the reversal of an unbroken Christian theological affirma- tion that originated with the Gospels themselves. The de- struction of the old Temple as proof of the truth of Christian claims proof no more the Temple revered a fundamen- tal reversal. An affirmation of the complete integrity of Jew- ish religion that Christians will spend years fully coming to understand. "I imagine a fourth meeting between a fourth Pope and a fourth Jew. This is my dream of the future.When His Holiness- or Her Holiness - I said I was dreaming - meets then with a Jewish partner- him or her- I defeated by the horrors of the imaginethemlookingbackover 20th Century or by the out- all that made possible the full break of bloody hatred at the honoring of their separate reli- beginning of the 21st Century. gions. This future Pope and this fu- "Theywillseefromthatplace ture Jew will see that some- in the future that human hope thingnewandsomethingposi- and religious faith were not tire began then. Handy man and General Maintenance Air Conditioning Electrical Plumbing Carpentry Formerly handled maintenance at JCC References available STEVE'S SERVICES Call Steve Doyle at (386) 668-8960 Director of Education/Youth Services -Synagogue Religious School- Orlando, Horida Send resume Fax (407) 647-8542 Email administrator@orlandosynagogue.com. I i ~' ii Microsoft Word Flexible schedule. 8-20 hours per week. 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