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May 9, 1980     Heritage Florida Jewish News
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May 9, 1980

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, Forbes Dispute in Trip to Israel Special to HERITAGE Several months ago, the highly influential editors of Forbes magazine and the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith engaged in a public dispute. The ADL had submitted an advertisement to Forbes annual Arabic Middle East issue. The advertisement celebrated the Egyptian-Israeli peace in Arabic, Hebrew and English. Forbes turned it down. ADL felt the rejection was due to the magazine's fear of offending the Arabs. A meeting between ADL officials and Forbes editors ensued to discuss their views. At that meeting it emerged that the Forbes family had never been to Israel. So a trip was suggested, and Forbes agreed. Editor-in-chief Malcom S. Forbes, Editor James W. Michaels and Senior Editor/Vlcolm S. Forbes, Jr., made the trip, together with ADL officials Abe Foxman and Max Greenberg. Recently returned from what the senior Forbes describes as "seven physically exhausting but mentally stimulating 12-hour days," the editors produced a six-Ige article, "Israel at a Crossroads," in the current May 12 issue of Forbes. ADL's Community Service Director Sheldon Steinhauser calls "the importance of much of this both the identity of Forbes magazine itself--a preeminent spokesman for the business community--and the identity of its readers--the financial and corporate elite of America." While he says the article itself will please some and displease others on specific issues and personalities, "its thrust is an important ADL contribution to the education of opinion molders." For example, this is how Forbes editor Michaels ended the article: "No amount of reading or talking prepares the first-time visitor for the surprise that is Israel. Before the ,Jewish colonization those barren, stony Judean hills must have resembled the moon: in parts they still do. How could such a waterless, treeless place (one is tempted to say godforsaken but then one remembers it is the land of the Bible) have been turned into a flourishing modern society in less than a third of a century? "How can Hebrew have been turned from a dead language into a living, working, vibi'ant tongue in not much more time? How can such a country have built a first-class aircraft industry, become proficient in HERITA6E. Florida Jewish News, May 9. lOW.  5 aHmwt ahdpqam swooN w,- = . israel gas political ,,,,moil in Israel, bicken'ng over he West Bank, U.S. naivete and Soviet urfsm Sadat's olive branch? j .'. t. Middle E-. w:, ml in. d Wo..'. :,tony was ""', Wnereu ;'aytheircropsare ,, :'- Is beino ... Y. the fUtun, ,, .L i lacto,-,, th thr +vJalCOJiTl e P m,ucCldeO Edle... : +" tot" u-., + ".7 .l+l turtll o' __ -sCL'S lOT SJ#I*, f I.... LmtGtt..,.m e..f "J. *'OrD#, .a:.' --''u.l'll"J.(",l.. computer technology and revolutionized agriculture in the desert? It defies belief. Here isa nation that has proven patriotism and military service are not in,compatible with democracy and individualism. The whole thing is a triumph of spirit and mind over matter. By comparison with the Israeli economic miracle, the German, Japanese and Brazilian "miracles" pale into insignificance. "You came to Jerusalem expecting a dusty old place and find instead a modern city with perhaps the most harmonious architecture in the world--harmonious because the city's farsighted leaders decreed that all the buildings, whatever their style. must be faced with the native Jerusalem stone. "Israel, in short, in building a new society on democracy and religion is a living insult to communism, which started to build a new society and built a jailhouse instead. Israel is equallyan affront to the Khomeinis, who want to turn back the clock and restore women to the veil, Both communists and Khomeinis feel threatened bythis demonstration of what democracy can accomplish. No wonder a great Moslem like Anwar Sadat sees in Israel so much he would like to emulate in Egypt. No wonder the Kremlin and Qum would like to see Israel destroyed." Economic Expert Says in Middle East Price for Israel Coenson-Roth I a new era of peace a country's Problem's, accord- Ir} Halperin, Israel r Economic Affairs but peace in the is unusual of its tremendous he said. who recently a small group of behalf of State Israelis are paying for peace, he said. Americans need to work about 12 minutes to earn Kaplan Heads Bond Drive Following the talk by Dan Halperin, it was announced that Harold Kaplan will head the drive for State of Israel Bonds in Orlando for 1980. economic burden to the problem a gallon of gas. In Israel, where gas now costs $3 per gallon, of peace an Israeli needs to work about to meet the two hours for that same war." gallon. "Israel is giving tangibles for intangibles," Halperin said. The oil fields in the Sinai that Israel returned to Egypt would have made Israel energy self- sufficient in five years, he said. In return Israel gets peace during the regime of one person -- Sadat. "Israel fs not secure on the west until we know Egypt really means peace." Returning the Sinai also raises another problem for Israel, according to Halperin, "Where to deploy Israer s large army?" The logical place, to redeploy the armed forces he said, would be the Negev. But DAN HALPERIN the Negev needs to be developed -- at a large expense. Halperin said the U.S. is partially responsive to about 75 percent of the finances." But one-fourth is in grants, and three-fourths -- $2.4 billion -- is in the way of long-term loans. "With the rate of interest hovering at 12-13 percent -- it is a heavy burden for Israel." Israefs economy needs to see growth, Halperin stressed. "Without growth there is reliance on others. Only exports will pay back debts. but money is needed to buy raw materials for the exports." Although 50 percent of Israel's products are exported, "to earn one buck, we have to export two." "Oil and defense explains the economic problems of Israel," Halperin said. In 1973 Israel bought oil from Iran at a cost of $I00 million. In 1980 the cost is $2.2 billion. "In spite of exports growing heavily. Israel is not able to keep up with oil prices." There is also a tremendous increase in the price of weapons. Last year a tank unit cost one-half million dollars. Today it is $1% million. In 1967. a defense plane cost $I million, today it is $25 million. In the U.S,, five percent of the Gross National Product is defense. In Israel, one-third of the GNP is defense. We are trying our best at home (Israel)." Halperin said. "In other countries if the administration had taken the same steps as in Israel -- that is, putting the burden on the 'population -- it would have seen a revolution." Since the beginning of peace negotiations, most production is up three-fold in Israel: dairy was up five-fold in 1979. "We could not come to you for help without first giving it our best at home." he said. The budget has seen cuts in all social services. Additional education has been cancelled. "This peace is no less an economic problem than war,'" Halperin said. "except war is a bottomless pit, peace is a beginning." 'Congress and Israel' Reveals for Israel in U.S. Congress No Problem Friedman from 1969 to 1976, the Nixon 19800 JTA, Inc.) and Ford Administrations, He had formerly been briefly a public opinion legislative aide for the the American American Israel Public Affairs riot enamored with Committee (AIPAC). ' aPpropdaLtions for ro trouble getting What Feuerwerger found is In fact, as that a majority of Congress- er shows in men support aid to Israel ress and because they consider the for Israel is Jewish State a fellow full foreign aid democratic nation and Congress. This is because of what they believe is true of military United States commitment to become Israel. Feuerwerger found Under attack in many Congressmen who h recent years, cited the Holocaust as reasons for their support of Israel who is a including two of the younger ac to members. office of basically the Congressmen with large advisor on Jewish Jewish populations naturally a guest scholar at support aid for Israel. But so. Feuerwerger points out, do study of foreign Congressmen with few or no in the Jews in their districts. the 36 Congressmen who voted for an amendment by Rep. David R. Obey (D. Wis.) to reduce military credits to Israel by $200 million came from districts with few Jews, most Congressmen from this type of district voted against the amendment. The reason, as one Congressman told the author, is "you can make a lot of points with some audiences by being for Israel, but you can't make points with anybody by being against Israel." However, Congress on aid for Israel. as they do in other areas, look to experts in the field for advice, in this case the House Foreign Affairs Committee which has always given full support to Israel. On this committee, Feuerwerger finds that the most important members on issues dealing with Israel are Reps. Benjarnin Representatives However. eventhough mostof Rosenthal, Stephen ,Solarz and Jonathan Bingham. all New York Democrats. Some Congressmen also turn to Solarz, Rosenthal and other Jewish Congressmen for advice while others seek it from prominent Jews in their districts. Feuerwerger also points to the importance of Jewish unity. He said this has been accomplished by having the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations speak on Jewish policy issues to the Administration while AIPAC lobbies Congress. Feuer- werger has praise for the work of AIPAC both in contacting Congressmen and for its effectiveness in coordinating legislative strategy on issues affecting Israel. At the same time, Feuer- werger notes that Arab grou, p.s: o,i! co,p.anes; +Pro" Arab diplomats and anti- Zionists have not been able to make any headway in blocking support for Israel. Feuerwerger says that while this may be changing, more Congressmen are visiting Arab countries and sympathy for the Palestinians is growing, support for Israel is likely to continue in Congress for the foreseeable future. While describing the House's dealings on aid for Israel during the Nixon and Ford Administrations, Feuerwerger stresses that Congress during this period did not want to interfere with the Administration's Middle East diplomacy. However, when the Administration acted in ways that Congress perceived as harmful to Israel. Congress stepped in. Thus, 76 Senators wrote to President Ford in ]976 causing him to of U.S, policy toward Israel. Congress has frequently provided more funds for Israel than the Administration has requested and it has made it virtually impossible for any Administration to use a threat of a cutoff in aid to pressure Israel. At the same time. Feuerwerger points out that Congress will not try to stop efforts by an Administration to improve relations with the Arab countries even if friends of Israel believe that some acts are harmful to the Jewish State. such as the sale of 60 F-15 jet warplanes to Saudi Arabia in 1978. The information provided in this scholarly, but readable book, should be of interest to the general reader and of extreme value to those concerned with maintaining abandon his "reassessmenf" + U.S. aid for Israel. '  + "4 .:, +(++ ..+ ..+., .".l. : +, ,u"',+.l++i  +,+.+. + ,..