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PAGE 14A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, APRIL 25, 2014 Holocaust restitution moves slowly in Eastern Europe By Uriel Heilman NEW YORK (JTA)--When a 2009 Holocaust-era as- sets conference concluded with a landmark statement of principles on Holocaust restitution, many restitution advocates had high hopes that a corner had been turned in the struggle for survivor justice. The Terezin Declaration, which had the support of 46 countries participating in the conference in the Czech Republic, outlined a set of goals for property restitution. It recognized the advancing age of Holocaust survivors and the imperative of delivering them aid and justice in their final years. "Participating States urge that every effort be made to rectify the consequences of wrongful property seizures, such as confiscations, forced sales and sales under duress of property, which were part of the persecution of these innocent people and groups, the vast majority of whom died heirless," the June 2009 declaration stated. But five years on, progress on securing restitution has been painstakingly slow. The lingering Euro Zone crisis has hampered efforts to get Eastern European countries to pass restitu- tion legislation. The Terezin Declaration, while verbally bold, did not require any concrete commitments--or even the signatures of those countries present. Poland, the only European country occupied by the Nazis that has not enacted substantial private property restitution, did not even bother to show up for a follow-up conference in 2012. In fact, since 2009, Lithu- ania has been the only country to enact substantial restitu- tion legislation: a $53 million package announced in 2011, to be paid out over 10 years for communal property seized during the Holocaust. "Most countries resist hav- ing to engage in restitution or compensation for lost prop- erty," said Douglas Davidson, the U.S. State Department's special envoy for Holocaust restitution issues. The week before Passover, Davidson was in Zagreb with Jewish restitution leaders negotiating with Croatian government officials. Croatia is one of the few countries that negotiators say is holding serious restitution talks and where a deal is conceivable in the foreseeable future. "They want to do it, they know they should do it, but their economy is in disastrous shape and by their reckoning it would cost them 1 billion euros to compensate for property that was national- ized by the communist regime in Yugoslavia after the war," Davidson said. In a bid to add some fuel to the campaign for restitution in countries that are dragging their feet, the World Jewish Restitution Organization is mounting a new effort to drum up public and political pressure within the European Union. In February, the group helped orchestrate a letter by 50 British parliamentarians to Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk pressing him on restitution. "Unfortunately, Poland stands out in its failure to fulfill--or even recognize-- its responsibility to victims,'! said the letter, whose primary signatory was Baroness Ruth Deech. A Jewish member of the House of Lords, Deech Contined from page 60B Samuel E Miller 1 All Season- 5800/34C & 37odd & 1/2/2011 443812670 $1,831.89 $0.50 Judith E Gibson Float Week/ 5800/34D 37 odd 1110 Woodward Ave Float Unit Mckees Rocks, PA 15136 Noel Gonzalez 1/2 540015455 43 odd 1/2/2011 4438/2672 $2,391.50 $0.79 Rosedo J Gonzalez 1759 W Longmeadow Rd Trenton, M148183-170.8 Ronaid R Me Kinney 2 All Seeeon/ 6000/33C & 13 whole & 1/2/2011 4438/2420 $3,057.66 $1.03 13631 Van Buren St Float Week/ 60(X)/33D 13 whole Miami, FL 33176 Float Unit K:\\;FORECLOSURE26896.WG Town Center HOA (NJ)',Booker.0394'NODv2. Booker PUB.dec April 18, 25, 2014 L 108380 NOTICE OF DEFAULT AND INTENT TO FORECLOSE W1ESTGATE TOWN CENTER Pursuant to Section 721.855, Florida Statutes, WESTGATE TOWN CENTER OWNERS ASSOCIATION, INC. (hereinafter referred to as "Weetgste'), has recorded a Claim of Lien in the amount of (See Exhibit "A'), with interest accruing at the rate of (See Exhibit "A') per day, and recorded in O.R. Book (See Exhibit "A'), at Page (See Exhibit =A"), of the Public Records of Osceola County, Florida, and the undersigned Trustee as appointed by Westgate, hereby formally notifies (See Exhibit "A') that due to your failure to pay the annual ass(s) due on (See Exhibit "A') and all aseossmant(s) thereafter, you are currently in default of your obligations to pay assessments due to Westgate on the following described real property located in Osceola County, Rodda: (See E.xhiblt =A') Time Share Interest(s) (See Exhibit "A') according to the Time Sharing Plan for Westgate Town Center, recorded in Official Records Book 1564, at Page 1479, of the Public Records of Oscecla County, Florida (the "Plan'). Together with the nght to occupy, pursuant to the Plan, Unit(s) (See Exhibit =A'), during Unit Week(s) (See Exhibit =A"), during ,salgned Year(s), (See Exhibit =A'). 2770 Old Lake Wilson Rd., Kisalmrnee, FL 34747, Building (See Exhibit "A ) (herein *Time Share Plan(Property) Address'). As a result of the aforementioned default, Westgate hereby elects to sell the Property Pursuant to Section 721.855, Flodda Statutes. Please be advised that in the event that your obligation is not brought current (including the payment of any fees incurred by Westgate in commencing this foreclosure process) within thirty (30) days from the first date of publication the undersigned Trustee shall proceed with the sale of the Property as provided in Section 721.855, Florida Statutes, in which case, the undersigned Trustee shall: (1) Provide you with written notice of the sale, including the date, time and location thereof;, (2) Record the notice of sale in the Public Records of Oscaola County, Rodda; end (3) Publish a copy of the notice of sale two (2) times, once each week, for two (2) successive weeks, in an Osceola County newspaper, provided such a newspaper exists at the time of publishing. If you fail to curs the default as set forth in this. notice or take other appropdate action with .rard to this foreclosure matter, you dsk losing ownership of your timeshare interest through the trustee foreclosure procedure established un Section 721.855, Flodda Statutes. You may chose to sign and sand to the undersigned trustee an ob ection form, exercising your right to object to the use of the trustee foreclosure procedure. Upon the undersigned trustee's receipt of your signed objection form, the foreclosure of the ion with respect to the default specified in this notice shall be subject to the judicial foreclosure procedure only. You have the right to cure your default in the manner set forth in this notice at any time before the undersigned trustee's sale of your timeshare interest. If you do not object to the use of the trustee foreclosure procedure, you will not be subject to a deficiency judgment even if the proceeds from the sale of your timeehare interest are insufficient to offset the amounts secured by the lien. By: GREENSPOON MARDER, RA., Trustee EXHIBIT UA" - NOTICE OF DEFAULT AND INTENT TO FORECLOSE Owner(s)/Obligor(s) Timeshare Building/ Week Default Date Book/Page Amount Per Diem Interest Unit of Recorded Uen of Uan Amount Reginald Martin 1/2 Floating 5500/5526 19 even 1/2/2012 4436/2694 $1,219.68 $0.40 Cindy Martin 14110 Kendalwood Dr Upper Marlboro, MD 20772 Floyd Collins Jr 1 Floating 5900/512A & 35 even & 1/2/2012 4436/2691 $1,219.68 $0.40 649 Green Valley Way 5900/511C 35 even Sykesville, MD 21784-8518 Eunice B Sambon 112 Fixed 5400/5415 46 even 1/2/2012 443612690 $1,219.68 $0.40 Duane B Sambon 5518 Tughill Drive Tampa, FL 33624 Sandre Campbell 1/2 Roating 5500/5523 29 even 1/2/2012 4436/2534 $1,219.68 $0.40 691 Beck Ave Pensacola, FL 32514 MustafaKernal Ozden 1/2 Floating 5500/5514 19 even 1/2/2012 4436/2533 $1,219.68 $0.40 Eser Alpay Ozden 166 Sok No 8/7 Hatay 12Mir, Turkey, Carol A Campbell 1/2 5100/5135 2 even 1/2/2012 4436/2532 $1,219.68 $0.40 P.O. Box 15 ST Andrews West, ON KOC2A0 Canada, ChedeethaG Lane 1/2 5200/5213 20 even 1/2/2012 4436/2530 $1,219.68 $0.40 Tondalaya Lane Teresa L Moore 1339 W Eady Avenue, Apt 3R Chicago, IL 60660 Shidine R Tiggs 1333 W 72nd Place Chicago, IL 60636 Clive Smith 1/2 5100/5144 34 even 1/2/2012 4436/2529 $1,219.68 $0.40 Angala Gladstone Sutcliffe Comwait Ddve 29 Monchengladbach Monchengladbach, 41179 Germany, Malachi W Reid " 1 5900/411C & 47 even & 1/2/2012 4436/2528 $1,219.68 $0.40 Lillian C Reid 6900/412A 47 even 10860 Copper Hill Dr Jacksonville, FL 32218-4391 Kenneth P Gray 1/2 5100/5164 44 even 112/2012 4436/2527 $1,219.68 $0.40 Marie Gray 27 B Clintron St Dansville, NY 14437-1732 Charles E Francis i/2 5300/5346 42 even 1/2/2012 4436/2526 $1,219.68 $0.40 Cynthia Francis 341 Grand*Trunk Ave Kingston, ON K7M9GI Canada, Dawn A Schroeder 1/2 5600/5635 14 even 1/2/2012 4436/2525 $1,219.68 $0.40 10490 E Cherry Bend Rd Traverse City, MI 49684-4318 Walmiro G Costa 1/2 5700/5715 47 even 1/2/2012 4436/2524 $1,219.68 $0.40 Alcione L Da Silva Rua Dos Pariquis, 1880 Apto 1401 Belem, 66033-590 Brazil, Tomas J Cenadas 1/2 5400/5454 22 even ]/2/2012 4438/1830 $1,219.68 $0.40 Sonia M E Salazar Cdstobal Ayala N 5130 DPTO 1B Y Alamos Martinsz Mere N35-67 Y AV Portugal Quite, Ecuador, K:ORECLOSURE26896.WG Town Center HOA (NJ)Kar.0385JIODv2. Kar PUS.dec April 18, 25, 2014 L108381 had grandparents on both sides of her family who owned substantial property in Poland. "Poland has'aresponsibility to elderly Holocaust survivors, their heirs and other victims to return property which was seized by the Nazis or subsequently nationalized by the Communist regimes," the letter said. "Democratic Poland continues unjustly to benefit from the victims' pri- vate property. Many of these victims and their heirs--both Jews and non-Jews are Brit- ish citizens." This month. British Foreign Secretary William Hague lent his support to the campaign. "Europe is a partner that is as important and in some cases more important than the United States," said Gide- on Taylor, WJRO's chairman of operations. "Making this a multilateral issue is going to be the way we need to go if we really want to use the last few years survivors are with us." The Obama administration also is trying to strengthen restitution efforts, with Vice President Joe Biden reportedly raising the issue in private meetings with European leaders. During the heyday of Ho- locaust restitution legisla- tion in the 1990s, the newly independent countries of Central and Eastern Europe viewed restitution as a way to curry favor with the West and improve their chances of gaining admission to NATO. Holocaust restitution often came up in U.S. Senate hear- ings on NATO membership, and it was during that era that severn major restitution agreementswere reached. The opening of state archives after the fall of the Iron Curtain helped keep a spotlight on the issue. When Germany reunified in 1990, the restitution of East German properties once owned by Jews was a condition of the nation's reunification agreement, and since then more than $3 billion in assets have been restituted. Today, the main leverage for negotiators is the demand for justice, as well as the urgency of getting deals done before the last generation of survi- vors dies out. "We had some leverage at a certain point in this process the issue of countries coming into NATO or the EU--but that was accomplished in the 1990s or the early part of the 2000s," said Daniel Mariaschin, ex- ecutive vice president of B'nai B'rith International, which is a member of the WJRO. "What we really are dependent on now is the moral imperative of the case, or the goodwill or lack of it by the governments involved, and on WJRO's per- suasive abilities. That's a pretty challenging task." The task is made more dif- ficult by the pace and duration of negotiations. Stretched out in- many cases over a decade or more, negotiations wax and wane while governments come and go, recessions and austerity budgets take hold, and in some places, rising nationalist sentiment makes any kind of deal more difficult. Even for governments that recognize their responsibility to return property seized from Jews, the idea of transferring local assets to Jews overseas Moshe Milner/Israeli Government Press Office via Getty Images Israeli President Shimon Peres and Lithuania's President Dalia Grybauskaite attend a remembrance ceremony at Paneriai Memorial on Aug. 1, 2013 near Vilnius, Lithuania. Around 100,000 victims, more than half of them Jewish, were murdered at the site by the Germans and Lithuanian groups during World War II. is seen as a political liability. For that reason, even some of the countries that have passed restitution or compensation legislation bar non-citizens or those living outside the country from benefiting. Greg Schneider, the ex- ecutive vice president of the Claims Conference, which deals primarily with restitu- tion related to Germany and Austria, says the European public needs to understand that it's not an issue of giving something away but of restor- ing assets to their rightful owners, "The thing about property restitution is it's not a gift, it's not a favor," Schneider said. "It's giving back property that was stolen." For the most part, Eu- ropean governments have accepted that principle, nego- tiators say. The issue is what is economically and political feasible. There's a lot on the table. Depending on the coun- try, negotiators may focus on communal, private or heirless property. Many countries have some kind of restitution leg- islation on the books, but the many loopholes, restrictions and implementation problems must be worked out. Countries thatbear respon- sibility for perp:trating the Holocaust also have the issue of compensation for suffering. In Lithuania, where nearly all of the country's prewar Jewish population of 200,000 was murdered--often with the complicity of local Lithu- anians---the 2011 deal on res- titution also provided about $1 million to fund symbolic one-time $600 compensation payments to 1,775 Lithuanian Jewish Holocaust victims worldwide. The big money--about $53 million--stayed in Lithu- ania, designated for "reli- gious, cultural, health care, sports, educational, and sci- entific purposes of Lithuanian Jews in Lithuania." The sum amounted to about one-third of the estimated value of lost Jewish communal property (private property restitution was not part of the negotia- tions). Negotiators say the next country to pass substantial restitution legislation may be Serbia, where restitution is seen as part of its campaign to complete entry into the European Union. It is widely agreed that the worst offender on restitution issues is Poland, where some 3 million Jews lived before the war and which has not enacted any private property restitution laws. Taylor, a former chief of the Claims Conference, says Poland should not be put off by the magnitude of possible claims. "Poland, Hungary and Romania are probably the most important countries because they were the big- gest communities before the war," he said. "Our position is that what we're looking for in these countries is a system and process, not a lump sum. Sometimes you end up with a settlement. We want a process that's fair." 271948563 498653271 563217984 342165897 189724356 65007839142 934572618 715386429 826491735