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PAGE 12#. HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, APRIL 25, 2014 Rocket-induced trauma inflicts deepening wounds on Israeli society Flash90" lsraelis stand near a hole caused by a Palestinian rocket fired from Gaza into the southern Israeli city of Sdeort on March 12, 2014. At least 60 Islamic Jihad rockets were launched from Gaza at Israel from March 12-13. By Maayan Jaffe JNS,org " Fifteen seconds. That's how long a resident of Sderot has from the time a Code Red alert is announced until a Palestinian rocket strikes the town or is intercepted by the Iron Dome missile defense system. In other southern Israeli communities, one might have 30 seconds, maybe even a minute. But it's never very long. Israelis fell asleep to si- rens March 12 and awoke to sirens March 13 while enduring a barrage of at least 60 rockets launched by the Islamic Jihad terrorist group, the largest rocket a,-,cp/-u cot, ov z,. Custom Print Marketing Invitations - Digital &- t Printing Brochures - Booklets  Mail Svices Forms & Lettetads l E 407-767-7110 c ... www, elegantprinting, net . Mention This Ad and Recek 18% Distxxlnt 4 college degrees and more than 30 years of teaching experience work one-on-one with your child. Dr. Betty Arsenault Member of IECA Study Skills, Elementary and Middle School Math, Pre-Algebra, Algebra, Geometry, Reading Comprehension, Language Arts SAT J ACT I FCAT I TOEFL I GED My Students Experience Success 409 Montgomery Road, Suite 165 I Altamonte Springs, FL 32714 [ J 407-869-8444 attack emanating from Gaza since late 2012. Over and over, Israelis ran into the bomb shelters, taking cover from the threat. They know the drill. Gaza rockets have been raining down on southern Israel since 2000. But what Israelis are just beginning to understand is the long-term impact of these rockets on their society. Working in conjunction with Georgia State Univer- sity's Dr. Christopher C. Henrich, Professor Golan Shahar, a clinical/community psychologist at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, fol- lowed 362 adolescents from southern Israel between 2008 and201lThey measured four tites per year the adolescents' exposure to rocketattacks and their levels of anxiety, depres- sion, aggression, andviolence. Strikingly, longitudinal re- sults evinced only modest effects of rocket exposure on nxiety and depression, and no effects on aggression, but robust effects" on violence commission. In other words, explained Shahar, by the fourth year of the study, a sizeable portion of the youths had "gotten used" to the rockets from the point of view of becoming distressed and anxious. But a sizeable number had become more violent--and seriously so. "These findings were some- thing that made us feel grati- fied as scientists, but made me alarmed as an Israeli citizen, Every day that you're outside, you're exposed to dangerous, but invisible, ultraviolet ([IV) sunlight Left unprotected, prolonged exposure to UV radiation can seriously damage the eye, leading to cataracts, skin cancer around the eyelid and other eye disorders. Protecting your eyes is important to maintaining eye health now and inthe future. Shield yeur eyes (and your family's eyes) from harmful BY my=. Wear sunglasses with mmum UV prdection. i(i /:;= ? ::i :,:.ii ii ii?i:.;.i:i f ::':: :i::::i :i:: i:.:i:i i :.i t ; i,iir ;i i ii I THEVISIONCOUNCIL Shahar told "Kids agnosedwithPTSD, and such but the major shift is that who at the beginning of the diagnoses in other militaries rather than relying on top four-year study had been worldwide ranged from 2 per- commanders to debrief with seriously traumatized, who cent to 17 percent, according soldiers, officers are trained had been exposed intensely to last year's IDF study, to debrief with one another, to missile attacks, became Col. Dr. EyalFruchter, head. making the process immedi- extremely violent four years of the IDF Mental Health ate and accessible even in the later. And I am not talking Department, said he does not midst of a battleground. pushing and shoving, I am see increased violent tenden- "We will probably have a talking carrying weapons, cies among members of the mental health gym soon in carrying knives." army, but his recent work in every basic training camp "This is the first longitudi- attention bias modification thatwillhaveanaspectofthis nal study attesting to thepro- supports Shahar's research neurofeedback/attentionbias spective longitudinal effect about desensitization, modification program and of exposure to terrorism on Fruchter began testing training in the main debrief- " adolescent violence," he said. strategies designed to pre- ing process to make people "These findings should serve vent and ameliorate PTSD moreresilient,"Fruchtersaid as a red flag for healthcare symptoms in soldiers after he Joe Goldman served in the practitioners working in civil saw that military deployment U.S. army for 14years andwas areas afflicted by terrorism to combat zones involved stationed in the Middle East. and political violence." exposure to trauma at a He said emotion should stay Shaharsaidscientistsknow higher-than-average rate and off the battlefield and thinks thatchronicstress(asopposed was leading to an increasing thisaspectofFruchter'splans to smaller bursts or more number of PTSD cases. Most make sense. But he said once isolatedstressors)changesthe recently, Fruchter trans- a person leaves the army, if brain by causing the part of lated cognitive-neuroscience there is not an emotional the brain that controls impul- knowledge and attention bias debriefing, it can lead to emo- sive behavior, the prefrontal modification research into a tionalinstability--something cortex, to mature more slowly, novel computerized training he has seen firsthand. "We are programming the tool that helps make soldiers Scott Claster, who servedas nextgenerationneuropsycho- more attuned to words like anIDFplatooncommanderin Iogically to become impulsive death, battle and gun. The the last Lebanon War, during and dangerous," said Shahar. test, easily delivered to sol- which several ofhis comrades "Andwearedoingthisonboth diers during different stages fellinbattle, expressed similar sides of the border; there is of the deployment cycle, is sentiments. "It hits you after no reason to expect the kids now being used during basic the fact," he said, adding that in Gaza are not becoming training. Fruchter told JNS. thearmy should do better not more violent from what they org that soldiers who are- only at making people effec- have to endure .... Unless this desensitized to trauma are  tive in battle, but at helping conflict is contained, unless less prone to PTSD or anxiety them transition Back into it is resolved, the worst is yet and more prone to action in civilian life. to come." the field. Yehoshua Boncheck, a According to Shahar, the Similarly, Fruchter has reservist in the Golani Bri- impact of rocket-induced revamped the army's debrief- gades, said not talking about trauma is likely to be most ing process to focus more on emotion plays into the tes- acuteamongthe nextgenera- action than emotion. There toterone of the Israeli army tion of Israel Defense Forces are three parts to the proces.s, and translates into a macho, (IDF) soldiers. While a study First, thesoldiersdiscusswhat impatient, and nervous Israeli released in September 2013 theyhaveseen(forexample:"I society. by the IDF Medical C.orps was sitting on tJne roof and I Is F ruchter worried that Mental HeaRth Department saw a bomber come'irom'the acfdi'tiriJ'fehs't[in revealed that reported cases rightside"),thenwhattheydid to violence, coupled'with of post-traumatic stress dis-, ("I was on the roof and I was an often already traumatic order (PTSD) among Israeli trying to connectwith Moses army experience; may lead to soldiers are among the lowest on the radio"),andfinallywhat increasedviolence among the in militaries worldwide, Sha- they will do next ("Now I am Israeli public? har'sresearchraisesthepossi- going to clean mt machine "I've heard this claim sev- bilitythatthesituationmight gun to get ready for the next erai times before," he said. "I shift as Israeli youths are occasion"), just don't know." exposed to consistent rocket According to Fruchter, the Maayan Jaffe is a freelance attacks. Some 1.6 percent of IDF borrowed aspects of the writerin Overland Park, Kan. regular IDF troops and 0.7 debriefing process from the She can be reach at maayan- percent of reservists were di- U.S. and European armies, U.S,, terror victims' families agree on sale of lran-linked New York skyscraper ( In the largest terrorism-related forfeiture in U.S. history, the U.S. govern- ment has agreed to distribute the proceeds of th e sale of an Iran-linked Manhattan sky- scraper and other buildings to the families of the victims of Iranian-sponsored terror attacks. The 36-story kyscraper located on 5th Avenue and West 52nd Street is majority owned by the Alavi Foundation, a non- profit organization that runs Islamic centers and promotes Persian culture. A 2009 lawsuit by the U.S. government claimed that WikimediaCommons the Alavi Foundation and Thelran-linked36-storyskyscraperlocatedon5thAvenue two minority owners of the and West $2nd Street in Manhattan. building, Assa Corp and Assa Co Ltd, had tiesto the racksbombingsinBeirut, the costsontheforfeitedproperty, Iranian government. 1996 Khobar Tower attacks while the rest of the proceeds Thesettlementincludesthe in Saudi Arabia, and terror will be distributed to the familiesandestatesofvictims attacks in Israel. plaintiffs at a rate based on of Iranian-linked terrorist at- The settlement decision al- the unpaid damages awarded tacks over the. last 30 years, lows for the U.S. government inprevious court settlements, including 1983 Marine Bar- to recoup litigation and sales Reuters reported.