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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, APRIL 20, 2018 PAGE 15A From page IA National telephone dialing is introduced linking Tel Aviv, Jerusalem and Haifa. El A! flies nonstop from New Yorkm1961 E1 Al Israel Airlines, es- tablished in 1948, begins flying nonstop between Tel Aviv and New York, setting a world record for the longest nonstop flight. Water to the des- ertm1964 The National Water Car- rier is completed, bringing water from Israel's north to the parched south. The devel- opment is a major step forward in enabling Israel to turn the Negev Desert into the center of crop production in Israel. Osem introduces Bamba, Israel's favorite peanut snack. In 2015,A British study proved what Israeli parents had long suspected, that this addictive treat, given to children in Is- rael from a young age, could help prevent peanut allergies. Batsheva Dance com- pany is founded by Mar- tha Graham and Baroness Batsheva de Rothschild. It has become Israel's premiere dance troupe. Motorola becomes the first US corporation to set up an R&D unit in Israel. The center initially develops wire- less products and later moves into chip production. Three million and count- ing~1967 The three millionth citizen arrives in Israel on Jan. 12. Absorption Minister Nathan Peled presents certificates to a 62-year-old Russian Jew, his wife and daughter. The daughter's husband was not allowed to leave the USSR. Introduction of the shekels1980 The lira is replaced by the shekel (1 shekel = 10 lirot) as Israel's national currency. The word "shekel" derives from a biblical unit of weight of approximately one ounce (12 grams). The "new Israeli shek- el" (NIS) introduced on Jan. 1, 1986, is still in use, available in coin and banknote forms. Operation Moses brings Ethiopians to Isra- e1~1984 7,000 Ethiopian Jews are flown to Israel from Sudan in a covert mission called Opera- tion Moses to rescue them from famine and civil war. Over a seven-week period, 30 flights New passports were issued to all those returning to the Land. The shekel Nati Shohat/FLASH90 Former United States President Bill Clinton is flanked by former Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and former King Hussein of Jordan during the peace treaty signing in Aqaba, Jordan. each bring around 200 Ethio- country. Many of the well-ed- pians to Israel. In 1991, Opera- ucated new immigrantsgave tion Solomon brings a further Israel's developing hightech 14,000 Ethiopian Jews to Israel industry avaluable boos. Mi- over a period of 36 hours, grants fromthe former S3viet Russian Jews begin to Union nowmakeup 15 pe'cent emigrate to Israel en of the Israeli population and masse--1989 one in four staff membrs at Start of mass immigration Israel's universities are ntive of JewsfromtheformerSoviet Russian speakers, witi an Union. Between 1989 and even higher concentrati~n in 2006, more than one million the sciences. Russians emigrated to Israel, Peace with Jor- transforming the culture, dan--1994 high-techindustry, education Israel and Jordan sin a system and politics of the peacetreatyandsubsequntly A young Yemenite nurse reading to new immigrants at a camp in Rosh Ha'ayin. Israel shipped essential supplies to Africa in response to the Ebola ~ :~fi2/01~ open their borders, allowing ond patent for a unique zero- packed cities, best beach tourists, business people discharge system for fish party spot on the planet, best and workers to travel freely farming anywhere, usingculinary destination, andeven between the two countries, extremely limited amounts home to the most beautiful First desalination plant ofwaterandwithoutharming people in the world. opens--1997 the environment, enabling Israel ranks in top 10 Israelopens its first reverse farmers to raise fish even in most powerful, innova- osmosis desalination plant, in the desert, tlve natlons--2018 Eilat. Since then, five more Tel Aviv celebrates its* U.S. News and World desalination plants have centennial--2OO9 Report ranks Israel the openedalongIsrael'sMediter- TelAvivcelebratesitsl00th eighth most powerful na- ranean shore--in Ashkelon, anniversary.Inthelastdecade tion in the world. Bloomberg Palmachim, Hadera, Soreq or so, TelAviv (whichhasboth News names the Jewish state andAshdod--providingabout more vegans per capita and the 10th most innovative 60 percent of domestic water more dog owners per capita in worldwide, edging out the needs. Though not without the world) has won accolades United States. some environmental issues, from all over the world, being To read more of Israel's these plants have helped named third best city in the accomplishments in the last relieve Israel's chronic water world by Lonely Planet, uiti- 70 year, visit www.israel21c. shortages, mate party city, best gay city, org/70-years-of-israeli-mile- Jaapvan Rijn files hissec- one of theworld's top action- stones-in-165-seconds. From page 9A sporting events including Holocaust survivors of'our to improve the quality of year by year due to an in- vivors. Whether it's making the TCS New York City choice, life for your communitycreasing number of medical adonation, spreading aware- volunteer to fundraise for Marathon, the MiamiMara- Contribute ~aat members and neighbors, issues, the rising cost of ness about those in need or Holocaustsurvivorsthrough thonandthe NewYork Cityyou can--any amant Engage with your employer living and the uncertainty listening to someone tell a variety of events and expe- Triathlon. You can also give helps. Holocaust survmrs to encourage a matching do- of a changing healthcare theirstory--eventhesmall- riences such as endurance backwhiledoinganeveryday that are now in theirt0s, nations program. Share The system. These challenges est gesture can have a big walks or runs. Joining a race task like shopping online. 90sandl00shaveastezlily Blue Card's mission with leave survivors struggling impact on improving lives." through a charity team is a Many organizations partici- growing need for finacial your friends and encourage to livetheir remaining years You can learn aboutvolun- great way to give, while also pateinAmazonSmile.When assistance toaffordbasine- them to get involved and/or indignity,"saidMashaPearl, teeringopportunities, make getting to have an amazing you enroll in the program, a cessities from food to rot, donate. Executive Director of The adonationonlineorarrange personal experience with portionofyourpurchasewill and growing medical ills "The Blue Card has seenBlue Card. "There are so for a bequest in memory ofa friends and family.The Blue be donated to the charitable for dental care and cacer requests for assistance from many ways to connect and loved one, by visiting www. Card takes part in various organization that supports care. Donate what you:an Holocaust survivors grow give back to Holocaust sur- bluecardfund.org. From page 10A ton needs us now more than ever. If ever there were a time when the federated Jewish community needs to join together and take care of our brothers and sisters in Hous- ton, that time is now. As it turns out, there was a rainbow at the end of the story of Noah; it wasn't just my faded memory from He- brew school. Furthermore, the Torah states: "And Noah began to be a master of the soil, and he planted a vine- yard." Let us all live up to these values, planting and rebuild- ing for the Houston commu- nity (Genesis 9:14). Let's help them find a rainbow. Jeff Rum of Washington, D.C is co-chair of the Jew- ish Federations of North America's National Young Leadership Cabinet, Jefish From page 5A Federations' elite leadernip- training program for pople tory--just as Obama threw ages 30-45. away the victory achieved To learn more about ~YL by the Iraq surge. Doing so Cabinet, visit: https://jevish- will make life difficult for federations.org/young-lead- U.S. allies that Trump cares ership-cabinet. To help the about, as well as undermine Houston Jewish community, U.S. interests. see: https://secure3.convio. There's no denying that net/jfna/site/Donation2?df while Trump's support for id=3860&mfc pref=T&3860. Israel is exceptional, his donation=forml, isolationist tendencies are placing the Jewish state in will embolden America's potential peril as it looks toa enemies and leave Israel future in which the Iranians holding the bag. Trump has will have a knife at its throat rightly criticized Obama for with only an indifferent and dreadful mistakes that made possibly hostile Russia there the world less safe. He should to restrain them. think twice about doing the This is one instance when exact same thing. Trump needs to listen to his JonathanS. Tobin is editor advisersandavoidtelegraph- in chief of JNS--the Jew- ing--much as Obama did ish News Syndicate. Follow abouthisplannedpullouts-- him on Twitter at: @jona- U.S. strategy in a way that thans tobin.