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April 20, 2018     Heritage Florida Jewish News
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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, APRIL 20, 2018 PAGE 3A D Leon Urls (Embassy of Israel inWash- ingtonviaJNS)--JNS is proud to partner with the Embassy of Israel in Washington, D.C to celebrate 70 of the greatest American contributors to the U.S.-Israel relationship in the 70 days leading up to the State of Israel's 70th anniversary. An American author of his- torical fiction, Leon Uris was known for his commitment to historical accuracy and extensive research. The people of Israel can be especially grateful that this literary giant brought the early history of Israel to the attention of mil- lions of people throughout the Western world, making them sympathetic to the newly es- tablished Jewish state. He achieved this through his epic 1958 novel "Exodus," which was so successful that it was later made into a film directed by Otto Preminger and starring Paul Newman. It is said to have been the best-selling novel in the United States since Gone with the Wind in 1936. By the mid-1960s, sales exceeded 5 million copies. Uris's complex plot focused upon the 1947 efforts to take the SS Exodus into harbor in Palestine with its 4,500 refugees on board. Through the travails and romances of his characters, millions learned about the obstacles faced by the Jewish Agency in the 1940s, the oppression of British mandatory rule and the brutal hatred of the Arabs who followed the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem. Most of all, millions learned about the majestic achievement of Israel's creation. Uris's novel reflected his astonishing research and his determination to get the smallest details right. To that end, he reportedly conducted more than 2,000 interviews in writing the book, and many of its characters are based on real people. While this was his method of writing for all his novels, Uris's connection with Israel was especially in- Leon tense and passionate, reflect- ing his family's history. His father had fled tsarist Russia for Palestine, and though eventually emigrating to the United States, he changed the family name from Yeru- salemsky to Uris--a variant Uris of Yerushalemi, in honor of the capital. Uriswrote other novels that told important Jewish stories, including "QB VII" about the Holocaust, "Mila 18," a depic- tion of the Warsaw-ghetto uprising, and "The Haj ," about John Hagee a Palestinian Arab family caught up in the areas historic events of the 1920s-1950s. But "Exodus" remains his greatest work. A fictional por- trait based upon true events, David Ben-Gurion held it in high regard, asserting that "it's the greatest thing ever written about Israel." John Hagee, Christians United for Israel (Embassy of Israel in Wash- ingtonvia JNS)--John Hagee Contributors on page 14A By Rebecca Stadien Amir A trove of rare bronze coins, the last remnants of a four-year Jewish revolt against the Roman Empire, has been discovered in a cave near the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. During the digs at the Ophel excavation site, led by Hebrew left behind by residents of Jerusalem who hid in a 7-by- 15-meter cave for four years during the revolt--from the Roman siege of Jerusalem until the destruction of the Second Temple and the city of Jerusalem. The coins are well preserved, which Mazar says is because they were only in use for a short time. The majority of the coins "A discovery like this--an- cient coins bearing the words 'Freedom' and 'Redemp- tion'--found right before the Jewish Festival of Freedom, Passover, begins is incredibly moving," Mazar said. The coins are decorated with Jewish symbols includ- ing the four plant species associated with Sukkot: palm, myrtle, citron and University archaeologist Eilat. : are from thee final,year, known . willow; and a picture of the Mazar,~0f~oihs~we~;:~aS/'Yea~Foud' (69-70 CE)I' goblet used in the Temple as broken p0tteryvessels, jars While coin from the earlier service. and cooking pots were found years of the revolt were in- Mazar said that the cave, datingbacktotheGreatRevolt scribed "For the Freedom of located below the Temple period {66-70 CE). Zion" (in Hebrew), those from Mount's southern wall, was It is believed that these YearFourwereinscribed"For left undiscoveredand undis- 1.5cm bronze coins were the Redemption of Zion." turbed since after the Second Temple period, making it a time capsule of life in Jerusa- lem during the revolt. The findings were all un- covered during renewed Ophel excavations within the Wails Around Jerusalem National Park, directly above a Hasmo- nean period layer at the base of the cave. The excavations were fund- ed by the Herbert W. Arm- strong College of Edmond, Oklahoma, whose students participate in the digs. A similar number of "Year Four" coins were found near Robinson's Arch, near the Western Wall, by Prof. Ben- jamin Mazar, Eilat Mazar's Eilat Mazar/Hebrew University Bronze coins discovered in cave near Jerusalem Temple Mount. grandfather. He conducted the Temple Mount excava- tions right after Israel's Six-Day War on behalf of Hebrew University's Institute of Archaeology. The Syrian Tiyas Military Airbase, also known as the 7'-4 Airbase located in Hams province. By Yaakov Lappin (JNS)--The recent missile strike on a military airbase deep in the central Syrian desert looks like the latest installment in along-standing Israeli campaign to police its red lines against highly dangerous developments to its north. Usually, such strikes are driven by incoming intelli- gence of threatening activity underway in Syria--activity that breaches Jerusalem's ban on Iran from constructing military bases in Syria, from setting up weapons factories there and from using Syria as a transit zone for the trafficking of advanced arms to Hezbollah in Lebanon. Iran is keen to cash in on its heavy investment and bloody involvement on behalf of the survival of Syr- ian President Bashar Assad's regime. That means attempt- ing to expand the Iranian military presence on Syrian soil. Israel is determined to stop this at all costs. By chance or not, the strike also comes amid fallout from the Syrian government's use of chemical weapons against rebel-held areas over the weekend, leading to warnings from President Donald Trump of likely military strikes in retaliation. Nevertheless, the precise reason that triggered the lat- est strike remains unknown and can probably only be found in classified intelligence reports. What is clear, however, is that over the past several years, Israel has reportedly carried out a series of strikes targeting the Iranian-led axis in Syria. If left unchecked, Iran would flood Syria with Shi'a militia groups and terrorist organizations, arm them with rockets and mis- siles, and set up terrorist cells. It would convert southern Syria into a new launch pad for attacks against Israel. Iran's Quds Force, the elite overseas unit, and Hezbollah use Syria to manufacture and smuggle precision-guided ballistic missiles, heavy rock- ets, advanced surface-to-air missiles and surface-to-sea missiles. Israel has reportedly Analysis on page 14A JERUSALEM (JTA)--The latest alleged chemical attack on a town in Syria by govern- ment forces shows that the international organizations established after the Holo- caust to prevent genocides have failed, a Yad Vashem official said. Avner Shalev, chairman of the Holocaust memorial and museum in Jerusalem, also condemned the indifference of the world community to such "crimes against hu- manity." "In light of the horrific images emanating from Syria over recent days of the mass killings of civilians, includ- ing children, in the chemical attack, it would appear that the mechanisms and interna- tional bodies developed after the Holocaust to prevent the recurrence of crimes against humanity are failing," he wrote in a statement released Tuesday by Yad Vashem, "The terrible scenes we are witnessing, right across our border, are a result of and continue to occur due to the indifference oftheworld. I call on the global community not to stand on the sidelines, but to act determinedly to put an end to the human suffering and provide humanitarian aid to the victims." Shalev made his remarks ahead of Yam Hashoah, or Holocaust Remembrance Day, held annually in Israel on the anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. At least 40 people were killed Saturday in an alleged chemical attack on the rebel- held town of Douma, located east of the capital, Damascus. Video footage released online Sunday showed the dead, in- cluding whole families, lying on floors with white foam around their mouths, signi- fying possible nerve agents. Other footage showed full clinics where workers were hosing down patients and treating them with respira- tors. President Donald Trump on Monday called the attack "heinous" and promised a "forceful" response.