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April 17, 2015

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PAGE 4A By David Bornstein The net of doubt O0 Let me state this up front. I am not a tire tothe negotiated framework to control big fan of Benjamin Netanyahu. I believe Iran's nuclear capabilities. his hard line approach to continuing the The main pointsofthetentativeagreement development of settlements and building with Iran regarding its nuclear program are: in East Jerusalem is counterproductive. I Iran will reduce its installed enrichment think his recent visit to the United States centrifuges from 19,000 to 6,000, of which to speak to and influence Congress dam- 5,000 will be spinning. aged Israel's relationship with its most Fordo, Iran's second enrichment facility important ally, and was completely devoid (its main one is at Natanz) and the one that of any constructive ideas. His re-election is buffed deep within a mountain to make it tactics, including announcing the day immunetoconventionalairstrikes, willcease before elections that he was opposed to a all enrichment and be turned into a physics 2-state solution, then backpedaling the day research center. It will not produce or house after he won re-election, were terrible, to any fissile material for at least 15 years. say the least. And I find it hard to believe Iran will reduce its stockpile of low- him when he says he offers a viable alterna- enriched uranium (which can be turned into HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, APRIL 17, 2015 weapons-grade material) from 10,000kg to 300kg for the next 15 years. The heavy-water reactor at Arak will be redesigned and its original core, which would have produced significant quantities of weapons-grade plutonium, will be removed and destroyed. No other heavy-water reactor will be built for 15 years. Inspectors will be able to inspect any facility, declared or otherwise, as long as it is deemed to be "suspicious." After Netanyahu said that he's not trying to kill any deal, just a bad deal, Israel's Strategic Affairs Minister, Yuval Steinitz, put forth the following changes to the working framework, stating that these would be more satisfactory to Israel: An end to all research and development activity on advanced centrifuges in Iran. A significant reduction in the number of centrifuges that are operational or that can quickly become operational if Iran breaks the agreement and decides to build a bomb. The closing of the Fordo facility as an enrichment site, even if enrichment activities are suspended there. A commitment to ship its stockpile of enriched uranium out ofIran. (Iran said that it would not ship the stockpile out of the country, but the UD has left open the option of sending it abroad or diluting it in Iran. Iranian compliance in revealing its past activities with "possible military dimensions." "Anywhere, anytime" access for inspectors charged with verifying the agreement in Iran. (For more information, read Thomas Fried- man's interview with President Obama, NY Times, April 5, 2015: (http://www.nytimes. com/2015/04/06/opinion/thomas-friedman- the-obama-doctrine-and-iran-interview. html? r=0, aswell as "Skeptical of Iran Nuclear Deal, Israel Calls for Changes": NY Times April 6: middleeast/israel-iran-nuclear-deal.html. The issue regarding Israel's demands is not whether or not they make sense. In a perfect world, they do. The issue is whether or not there would ever be an agreement with them as the bottom line, and the inherent problem here is the absolute, extreme nature of these modifications--an end to all research, the complete closing of Fordo, anywhere, anytime inspections. Are these demands ideal? Yes. In a world framed by diplomacy, will they ever bear fruit? Highly doubtful. Understanding that Netanyahu is a lifelong politician who understands the nuances of diplomacy, what, then, is his real intent? What can be read between the lines? In a recent program on National Public Radio, the commentator made the point that White House staff had dismissed Netanyahu's negative response, stating that "he'd made up his mind months ago," long before any negotiations were finalized. That, coupled with Netanyahu's support of and insistence on keeping sanctions up until a satisfactory deal is worked out, leads me to believe that Bornstein on page 5A By Ed Ziegler Alliance (IHRA) for 2014-15. The HRA is an intergovernmental body whose purpose is Do you really think that World War II's Ho- to place political and social leaders' support locaust has taught the world a lesson? I think behind the need for Holocaust education and not. It clearly appears, to me, that much of the remembrance internationally. Yet, he too, is world has not learned. Ifwe do nothonestly face posing the question "Is it Not Time to Lay the facts now, in this nuclear age, we are doomed Holocaust to Rest?" to endure even greater horrors. According to Facto.corn the superintendent There are "Holocaust Deniers" and" "Re- of da'wa affairs at the Egyptian Ministry of visionists" who claim there's no evidence the Religious Endowments, Sheikh Ahmad 'Ali Holocaust ever occurred. They claim there 'Othman, has issued a fatwa stating that all are only false tales of "gas chambers disguised pigs living today are descended from Jews as shower rooms, factious wartime barbaric and must therefore be slaughtered. He bases sadistic atrocities forms of mass murder this on verses in the Koran. The Hadith states designed to exterminate all European Jewry. that "Judgment Day will not arrive Until the They claim the Holocaust is the biggest lie Muslims fight the Jews, and the Jews will hide ever foisted upon humanity, behind the rocks and the trees, but the trees If the Holocaust wasn't so horrible the will say: 'Oh Muslims, a Jew is hiding behind deniers would almost be laughable especially me, come and kill him'." when one realizes that the Holocaust is one In Islamic countries, Islamic parents, of the best documented events in history, schools and leaders have been, and are still, In Bad-Arolsen the Germans maintained 50 teaching lies to future generations to promote million pages, housed in thousands of filing Jewish hatred, it is understandable why that cabinets in six buildings. Overall, there are 16 hatewill continue indefinitely if memorializing miles of shelves holding information about the the Holocaust is not continued. victims of the Nazis. Then add the remaining The Nobel laureate, V.S.Naipaul, said, "The death structures throughout Europe that are Islamic State Is dedicated to a contemporary evidence of the Holocaust. holocaust." He believes, "To call th~ Islamic People commenting, such as Prof. Phyllis State the Fourth Reich is to diminish it. The Chesler, awriter, a Shillman-Ginsburg Fellow, Islamic State is even more savage and barbaric and a recipient of the 2013 National Jewish than the Third Reichwas. They just don't have BookAward says"anti-Sehaitism is no longer the means (yet) to commit mass murder on viewed as racism, but as politically correct." the scale they'd like." Then there is Professor Shaul Magid of With all that the above conveys it should Modern Judaism at Indiana University, who be clear that we cannot allow the Holocaust titledhisarticleinTabletmagazine"American to fall into obscurity. As time passes the Jews Must stop Obsessing Over the Holocaust." number of surviving victims and witnesses is Prof. Jacob Neusner of Brown University, diminishing.With the continued denial of the states that we must"normalize the Holocaust" Holocaust, and the escalation ofanti-Semitism in order to advance our "intellectual and doubling France, in 2014, it should never be spiritual acculturation." asked,"Is it time to lay the Holocaust to rest?" To commemorate Holocaust Memorial Day, Every caring person must take every op- a BBC show called The Big Question, asked"Is portunity to perpetuate the importance of the time coming to lay the Holocaust to rest?" the Holocaust. SirAndrew Burns hasbeen the United King- Anti-slavery activist Wendell Phillips said in dom envoy for post-Holocaust issues since 2010 1852,"The price of liberty is eternalvigilance." andwas Britishambassador to Israel from 1992 This should include remaining alive. to 1995. Sir Andrew is chairman-designate of EdZiegler can be reached at Brooklyn13@ the International Holocaust Remembrance or352-750-3298. THE VIEWS EXPRESSED ON THIS PAGE ARE NOT NECESSARILY THE VIEWS OF HERITAGE MANAGEMENT. CENTRAL FLORIDA'SINDEPENDENTJEWISHVOICE ISSN 0199-07.21 Winner of 43 Press Awards HERITAGE Florida Jewish News (ISN 0199-0721) is published weekly for $37.95 per year to Florida ad- dresses ($46.95 for the rest of the U.S.) by HERITAGE Central Florida Jewish News, Inc, 207 O'Brien Road, Suite 101, Fern Park, FL 32730. Periodicals postage paid at Fern Park and additional mailing offices. POSTMASTER: Send address changes and other correspondence to: HERITAGE, P.O. Box 300742, Fern Park, FL 32730. MAILING ADDRESS PHONE NUMBER P.O. Box 300742 (407) 834-8787 Fern Park, FL 32730 FAX (407) 831-0507 email: Editor/Publisher Jeffrey Gaeser Editor Emeritus Associate Editor News Editor Gene Starn, Kim Fischer Christine DeSouza Society Editor Bookkeeping Gloria Yousha Paulette Alfonso Account Executives Loft Apple~* Marci Gaeser Contributing Columnists Jim Shipley * Ira Sharkansky David Bornstein Ed Ziegler Production Department David Lehman Gil Domhrosky Joyce Gore Letter from Israel By Ira Sharkansky It isn't yet a deal, but an oral recitation of principals. That there isn't something to be signed is potentially significant, to be tested over the next 80 days or so during which the agreement is supposed to be finalized. Amongwhatwe hear is that the Farsiversion does not square with the English version. I srael Radio reports th~tt Iranian officials are saying that Americans are lying about the contents. What we heard from the European official who described the contents sounded promis- ing, but only to those who trust Iran. Its record is replete with hiding, cheating, and failure to live up to commitments. There appear to be safeguards of inspection and phased removal of sanctions, but implementation may be dif- ficult and depends on institutions that have proved unreliable. An item in the Wall Street Journal focuses on different conceptions about the removal of sanctions. Barack Obama may have saved himself another war on his watch, but may have earned himself a place of honor in the pantheon established by Neville Chamberlain. What is most troubling is reaching for an agreement that does not deal with the actions of Iran as the world's leader in promoting and supporting terror and the undermining of non-Shiite governments. Those actions are at least as threatening to the region and the world as Iran's nuclear aspirations. Yedioth Aharonoth is, arguably, the most anti-Bibi of Israel's major newspapers, and a sworn enemy of the paper that is his most fervent supporter, Israel Hayom. Thus, head- lines the day after the agreement in Yedioth Aharonoth's thick weekend edition about the deal with Iran might be taken as representative of a wide swath of Israeli opinion, without a taint for being a Bibi supporter: Sold us out; Fancy defeat; Understandings and suspicions; Going out of business sale;Anothervictory like that and we're lost; Question marks. One headline was mildly positive (Lesser of evils), but the commentary that followed itwas hardly encouraging in pointing to what was not in the agreement. Ha'aretz was positive: Not a bad agreement. Iran may have achieved something in not having to shut down its nuclear facilities and enjoying a removal of sanctions. However, if one looks at the details one sees--in contrast to Netanyahu's speech in Washington and the public stance of the Israeli government--the agreement serves the security interests of Israel." There were no surprises from Israel Hayom. Its Friday headlines: The deal with Iran: a historic mistake; Why should we believe Iran?; Anger in Israel: The Lausanne agreement is cut off from reality; The commander of the airforce: The airforce can surprise; Obamawill try to convince Israel and Congress; Speaker Boehner demands: Bring the agreement to Congress for approval. The prime minister did not threaten military action, but said that the security cabinet (with responsibility for decisions about military action) is "united in strongly opposing the proposed deal." He described the deal as leaving Iran with too much nuclear capacity, and as leading to a rapid removat~ of sanctions that would limit the capacity of outsiders to control Iran's threats to the region and the world. Netanyahu also said that a Completed deal must include an "unambiguous Iranian rec- ognition of Israel's right to exist." The U.S. State Department rejected that demand, saying that negotiations are "only about the nuclear issue." John Kerry was serving another agenda when, according to Israel Radio, he said that Israel was more threatened by a failure to reach an agreement with the Palestinians than by Iran's nuclear aspirations. Meanwhile, Kerry's supporters are call- ing the Iran deal a "legacy-defining victory" likely to make him a candidate for the Nobel Peace Prize. Skeptics may be forgiven for recalling the Cairo speech that got the prize for Kerry's boss. What's next? It's too early to answer several important questions: Will the parties be able to draft something agreeable to all by the end of June or a bit later? If so, will it pass muster long enough to begin the reduction of sanctions? When the first hint of evasion occurs, will the western powers be inclined or able to re- place the relaxed sanctions? Obama has said they can be re-instituted "in a snap," but that, in light of Obama's record, seems doubtful. Will the Republican majority in Congress be willing or able to enter the fray, either by legislating a role for itself or by threatening to stymie Obama on something else, like the budget or appointments? It's possible to argue about the influence of Prime Minister Netanyahu. He is far from holding a veto, but his capacity to focus on the danger to Israel from the general terms of the agreement, and his access to details via one or another participant (to the annoyance of the United States) may have rendered him influential from the outside. Perhaps because of his persistence, the sides did not reach an agreement in principal, or a framework of an agreement that they could draft and sign. They are trumpeting their success in reaching an oral understanding, but the versions expressed by the two sides differ enough to define the issues as not yet settled. Ira Sharkansky is a professor (Emeritus) of the Department of Political Science, Hebrew University of Jerusalem.