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April 12, 2013

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PAGE 16A TEL AVIV--Americans work longer hours, take fewer vacation days and retire later than employees in other in- dustrialized countries around the globe. With such demand- ing careers, it's no surprise that many experience job burnout--physical, cognitive and emotional exhaustion that results from stress at work. Researchers have found that burnout is also associated with obesity, insomnia and anxiety. Now Dr. Sharon Toker of Tel Aviv University's Faculty of Management and her fel- low researchers--professors Samuel Melamed, Shlomo Berliner, David Zeltser and HERITAGE FLQR!_DA_ J_E_W!SH NEWS APRIL 12 2013 Job burnout can severely compromise heart health says TAUresearcher Itzhak shpira of TAU's Sackler Faculty of Medicine--have found a link between job burnout and coronary heart disease, the buildup of plaque in the coronary arteries that leads to angina or heart at- tacks. Those who were identified as being in the top 20 percent of the burnout scale were found to have a 79 percent increased risk of coronary dis- ease, the researchers reported in the journal Psychosomatic Medicine. Calling the results "alarming," Toker says that these findings were more extreme than the research- ers had expected--and make burnout a stronger predictor of CHD than many other clas- sical risk factors, including smoking, blood lipid levels and physical activity. Some of the factors that contribute to burnout are common experiences in the workplace, including high stress, heavy workload, a lack of control over job situations, a lack of emotional support and long work hours. This leads to physical wear and tear, which will eventually weaken the bod; Knowing that burnout has been associated with other cardiovascular risk factors, such as heightened amounts of cholesterol or fat in the bloodstream, the researchers hypothesized that it could also be a risk factor for coronary heartdisease. Over the course of the study, a total of 8,838 apparently healthy employed men and women betveen the ages of 19 and 67' who pre- sented for routine health ex- aminations were followed for an average of 3.4 years. Each participant was measured for burnout levels and examined for signs of CHD. The research- ers controlled for typical risk factors for the disease, such as sex, age, family history of heart disease and smoking. During the follow-up pe- riod, 93 hew cases of.CHD were identified. Burnout was associated with a 40 percent increased risk of developing CHD. But the 20 percent of participants with the high- est burnout scores had a 79 percent increased risk. Toker predicts that with a more ex- tended follow-up period, the results would be even more dramatic. These results are valuable for preventative medicine, says Toker. Health care pro- viders who know that their patients are experiencing burnout can closely monitor for signs of coronary heart disease as well. Once burnout begins to develop, it sparks a downward spiral and ultimately becomes a chronic condition, she warns. Employers need to pri- oritize prevention by promot- ing healthy and supportive work environments and keep- ing watch for early warning signs of the condition. Simple diagnostic questionnaires that identify burnoutare already available online. Workers can contribute to prevention by making healthy lifestyle choices, such as exercising more regularly, getting seven to eight hours sleep per night and seeking psychological therapy if required. Security prep for Memphis Klan rally seen as national model Blake Billings A Klan swastika flag waves next to the Shelby County Courthouse in Memphis, Tenn., on March 30. By Ron Kampeas MEMPHIS, Tenn. (JTA)-- Cantor Ricky Kampf descends from the birnah, adjusts his prayer shawl and strides up the aisle, cutting through the cavernous sanctuary to greet the familiar out-of-towner. "Y'all here for the shindig?" Kampfsaysat the Baron Hirsch Synagogue here as he grasps the hand of Paul Goldenberg, the burly former cop who runs the Secure Community Net- work, the security arm Of the national Jewish community. The shindig in question is a Ku Klux Klan rally planned for later that day, March 30, in downtown Memphis. For months, Goldenberg has been in constant contact with the Jewish community leader- ship in this Mississippi River port city, as well as with local and federal law enforcement, in readying for any possible attack. It's a security template that SCN, an arm of the Jewish Fed- erations of North America and of the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Or- ganizations, wants to replicate across the United States. "It's not just dealing with the immediate challenge, but as we do in Jewish life, we try and prepare for the next situ- ation, how to deal with these things on a regular basis, so they're prepared for it," Steve Hoffman, the co-chairman of SCN, tells JTA. "The best security preparation in the Jewish world is vigilance with- out panic." A persuasive, kinetic pres- ence, Goldenberg crisscrosses the country meeting with Jewish community leaders and local law enforcement. But training in Memphis is accelerated because of the Klan rally, a protest of the decision to rename parks that until recently commemorated ESTATE BUYER !i .... iilii !  Silver. Coins. Gold. 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A leader uses a mega- phone to address klatches of men and women--some robed in white and red, others not--who respondwith shouts of "White Power!" It's over in less than an hour. But law enforcement of- ficials still have reason to be concerned--not with the Klan itself, which makes a point these days of being law abiding--but that an outlier attracted to the rally could break off, drive 20 minutes east and target one of the seven synagogues in Memphis. "The United States is into a four-year resurgence both of anti-government and white supremacist groups," said Mark Pitcavage, the director of fact finding for the Anti- Defamation League. "This resurgence started,in early 2009 following the election of Barack Obama and the eco- nomic crisis. There has been an upsurge in violent activity as a result of that." A report published in Janu- ary by Arie Perliger, the direc- Klansmen exit the Shelby County Courthouse in Memphis, before their rally. tor of terrorism studies at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, showed violent attacks emanating from the far right rising from below 200 per year at the turn of the century to more than 300 by the middle of the decade. Attacks spiked in 2008, Obama's election year, to more than 550 before dropping to 300 in 2010. In 2011, the number rose again, to more than 350. In Memphis law enforce- ment circles, the threat is described in shorthand. "West Memphis" refers to the murder of two policemen in the Ar- kansas town across the river in 2010 b two affiliates of the anti-government "sovereign citizen" movement; "Wash- ington state" is the placing of a bomb at a Martin Luther King Day parade site in Spokane in 2011; "Schmidt" is Richard Schmidt, a Toledo, Ohio, man arrested in December in pos- session of a small armory and a hit list including the names of leaders of the NAACP and the Jewish federation in Detroit. In each of the cases, and in many others, the attackers are loners likely influenced by the rhetoric of extremist groups. "In general, the FBI con- siders lone offenders to pose the most significant threat of violence within the extremist movement," Eric Sorensen, an analyst with the FBI's Domes- tic Terrorism'Analysis Unit, said in a March 13 conference call with the Memphis Jewish community leadership. On the Saturday morning of the Klan rally, Goldenberg surveys Memphis synagogues, nodding approvingly at recom- , mendations heeded--guards at each exit--and groaning at those ignored. A playground remains unprotected by shrub- bery or a fence. "We don't want people see- ing our kids," Goldenberg says. A patrol car checks streets near the synagogues. Fathers in yarmulkes walk their tod- dlers to Sabbath services seem- ingly unperturbed by plans for an extremist rally. Awoman at a synagogue entrance holds out to Goldenberg the panic button hanging from her neck; one squeeze and the polic are alerted,justas Goldenberg had recommended. "Good work," he says, and she shoots backa gratified grin. Goldenberg says that com- munal officials who graduate from the training he organizes with law enforcement officials are "force multipliers." John Cohen, the deputy counterter- rorism coordinator at DHS, says that making a targeted ethnic or religious community a partner in its own protection is "our basic model" of home- land protection. Such partnerships, howev- er, make civil liberties groups nervous. The American Civil Liber- ties Union has said that urging civilians to report suspicious activities could lead to abuses t.hat it contends are already inherent in law enforcement reporting of such activities. Programs encouraging such reporting make it "far more likely that both the police and the public will continue over- reporting the commonplace behavior of their neighbors," the ACLU said in an analysis in January. Even among Memphis Jews, not everyone is enamored of Goldenberg's strategy. Ronald Harkavy, a lawyer, philanthro- pist and community patriarch, isn't happy to run into Gold- enberg at the Anshei Sphard Beth El Emeth Congregation. "I'm one of those who say do nothing" when the Klan comes to town, he tells Goldenberg, his accent and broad smile thick with a cold gentility. Blake Billings Tenn., on March 30 moments "That's been fine for over a hundred years." Goldenberg shrugs and Harkavy turns away. Another congregant leans in and whis- pers, "We're thankful for all you do." Having completed his tour of Jewish Memphis, Golden- berg heads downtown to meet the Memphis Police Depart- ment's liaison to the Jewish community, Stuart Frisch, an Israel Defense Forces veteran. Frisch ferries Goldenberg to a white van functioning as a command center. Goldenberg leaps in and admires a monitor feeding images from public and privately owned security cam- eras. The streets are empty. The police ensure the Klansmen do not encounter anti-Klan protesters. In 1998, violent clashes at another rally traumatized the city. Memories of that day took up several pages in the morning edition of the Commercial Appeal, Memphis' main daily. Between beat cops and SWAT team members, there is more security personnel-- much of it African-Ameri- can-than there are Klans- men. The megaphone-audio is so poor, the rain driving down so hard, that much of the grand wizard's speech-- apart from the punctuations of"White Power!"--is reduced to a muffled "wawawa." Goldenberg andhis friend head out in search of lunch. Theday is a success: The Jew- ish community in Memphis is aware and engaged with law enforcement. The Klan have come and gone. No one is hurt. Breaking off from a dis- sipating anti-Klan rally, an African-American woman strides through the rain, arms outstretched. "Wash away the sin!" she cries out. "Wash away the stenchI"