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April 11, 2014     Heritage Florida Jewish News
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April 11, 2014
 

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PAG E 12A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, APRIL 11, 2014 Considering 'Next year in Jerusalem' Yonatan Sindel/Flash 90 In the language of the Passover Haggadah, the land of Israel and Jerusalem, seen here, represent the final stage of redemption. By Dasee Berkowitz NEW YORK (JTA)--On a recent trip to Jerusalem, my son decided that his favorite color was gold. Whenever he's asked why, he replies with a wry smile befitting a 5-year-old. "Jerusalem is the city of gold, of course," he says. When we told him our family was moving to Israel this summer, he was quite pleased. "Ima, will we live there until I'm a grown-up?" he asked. That's the idea, we nod- ded. While I know what my family will mean when we reach the end of the Pass- over seder this year and say "Next Year in Jerusalem," for those not making the trek to the Holy Land anytime soon, what do these words mean? Are we being disin- genuous? Or, as the rabbis encourage with every other part of the Haggadah, are we expounding, embellishing, interpreting and reading ourselves into the story of the Exodus from Egypt? The end of the Haggadah, with the promise to arrive "next year in Jerusalem;' is [[ Second Night Community Seder at Temple Israel Tuesday, April 15 - 6:oo pm led by Rabbi Joshua Neely Discover the taste of freedom & experience spiritual liberation Hosted in our newly renovated Roth Social Hall RSVP Friday, April 4 by 3:oopm Kosher catering by Brown's New York Dell Building Community Since 1954 Phone: 407.647.3055 Fax: 407.647.8549 Email: office@tiflorida.org Online Reservations: www.tiflorida.org/events/second-night-seder-2o 14-4-z5/ Scan for ticket info llUlfacebook] just as ripe for exploration as the beginning. I am always struck when Israelis, especially Jerusa- lemites, say "Next year in Jerusalem" with the same intention as their Diaspora brethren. Jerusalem surely cannot only represent a physical destination. It must represent more; an ideal, a hope, a possibility. In the language of the Haggadah, the land of Israel and Jerusalem represent the final stage of redemption. When we lift the four cups of wine during the seder, we are giving ritual expres- sion to the four stages that the Jewish people move through, with God as their guide, to reach freedom and leave Egyptian slavery in the dust. The Torah explains (Exo- dus 6:6-8), "I [God] will bring you out from under the burdens of Egypt" (cup 1); "I will deliver you out from their bondage" (cup 2); "I will redeem you with an outstretched arm" (cup 3); and "I will take you to me for a people" (cup 4). But there is a fifth mention of redemption just a few verses later in the narrative: "And I will bring you into the land (of Israel)." Arriving to the land l th final stage of redemption and corresponds to the cup of Elijah, the prophet who is said to be the one who ushers in messianic times. The cup, untouched yet filled with wine to the brim, represents the future ahead, filled with possibilities and promises for peace on earth. As the late Rabbi David Hartman writes in "The Leader's Guide to the Family Participation Haggadah: A Different Night," "The cup is poured, but not yet drunk. Yet the cup of hope is poured every year. Passover is the night for reckless dreams; for visions about what a human being can be, what society can be, what people can be, what history may become. That is the signifi- cance of 'Le'shanah ha'ba'a b'Yerushalayim' [Next year in Jerusalem]." Now that we are freed from the bondage in Egypt, we are called to embrace our biggest dreams, and our wildest aspirations for ourselves, for Israel and for the world. Or when we say "Next year in Jerusalem," are we referring to a more modest endeavor? There is a midrash about the etymology of the word Jerusalem or Yerushalayim. The rabbis look at the word "Yerusha," which means inheritance, and "ayim," which connotes doubling, and understand that there are two Jerusalems- a heav- enly one ("Yerushalayim shel ma'alah") and an earth- ly one ("Yerushalayim shel ma'ata"). While the heavenly Jerusalem might refer to the possibilities of a world redeemed, an earthly one is rooted in the complexities of politics, economics and daily life. It is a place filled with energy, vibrancy and urgency. In the late poet Yehuda Amichai's terms, Jerusalem is a place where its inhabit- ants are longing for God's presence. Jerusalem, he writes, is "saturated with prayers and dreams like the air over industrial cities. It's hard to breathe." And according to the Midrash, the earthly Jerusalem is the place where God will arrive even before reaching the heavenly Jerusalem. As the Midrash imagines God saying, "I will not come into the city of Jerusalem that is above until I first come into the city of Jerusalem that is below." What does it mean to make earthly Jerusalem a place in which God-- whatever God means for us--can enter and reside? Let us create partnerships with Israelis that help let a sense of godliness, justice and love permeate the city. Let us devote more time to learning more about the complexity of life in Israel through travel and research. Let's partner with Israelis working on the ground to improve society through education, social and eco- nomic equality, and reli- gious pluralism. Let's read more Israeli literature and honor Israeli artists. Or is Jerusalem a state of mind? More than physical places, rabbis have noted that Egypt and Jerusalem represent two inner spiritual states. Egypt, or mitzrayim, has at its root "tsar," or narrow- ness. Egypt represents the places in which we live in narrow places, where we feel constricted and confined. It is a state in which we are quick to anger, to react, to put our own ego needs before the needs of others. Jerusalem, on the oth- er hand, has at its root "shalem," or "wholeness." It is the feeling of expansive- ness, when the disparate parts of ourselves weave together into a seamless whole. As the seder winds down and the matzah crumbs are swept off the table, let the question of "next year" continue to echo--with all its hopes, plans and the self- understandings of where Jerusalem resides for each one of us. This Passover, whether you choose to celebrate with us or in the comfort of your own home, let Too Jay's do the preparation for your holiday meal. From all of us atTooJay's, we wish you and yours a Good Pesach. 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