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PAGE 10A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, APRIL 5, 2013 .q By Maxine Dovere JNS.org The foreign policy positions of U.S. Sen. Rand Paul (R-KY), which have already generated some concern in the Jewish community, might remain a topic of debate among Jews for another several years after poll results indicatingthat hewillbe a significant factor in the 2016 presidential race. Rand Paul the son of 2012 presidential candidate U.S. Rep. Ron Paul (R-TX)--in mid-March won a presidential straw pollof3,000 Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) participants, edging U.S. Sen. Marco Rubio (R-FL), 25 percent to 23 percent. The younger Paul, like his father, has drawn some Jewish criti- cism due to his opposition of all foreign aid, including military aid to Israel. Aaron Keyak, executive di- rector of the National Jewish Democratic Council, called Paul's January appointment to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee "absurd," adding that the appointment gave him "a bigger microphone and a prominent platform." "He represents a foreign Gage Skidmore U.S. Sen. Rand Rand Paul (R-KY) speaking at the 2013 Conservative PoliticalAction Conference (CPAC) in Wash- ington, DC on March 14. policy perspective that, for friends of Israel and those who want to prevent and not contain Iranachieving nuclearweapons capability, is highly troubling," Keyak told JNS.org. The U.S. policy of preventing a nuclear Iran "should be an easy position for one of the top Republicans," but Paul "simply gives the wrong answer," Keyak said. "He may be the only United States Senator to not have re- ing it wisely and effectively that he will not shine.., and Jewish community, and in jectedcontammentasapolicy," is something we have always he will not shine." manywaysoutsideofwherethe he said. advocated [at the Conference NJDC's Keyak, regarding Republican Party is on many Paul, whose office did not of Presidents]." the theory that mainstream critical issues." return requests for comment BarrySlotnick--thenation- Republicans may have placed "Wedon'twriteoffanybody," from JNS.org, says he opposes ally known New York defense Paul on the Foreign Relations Brooks told The Jewish Week defense aid to Israel foster the attorney whose high-profile Committee to put his marginal of New York at the time. "As it Jewish state's independence clients have included subway views on display, told JNS.org, stands now, there are just too from American influence, shooter Bernhard Goetz and "Putting Senator Paul on the many questions about Paul. Malcolm Hoenlein, executive mobster John Gotti--told Foreign Relations Committee Is he more like [Republican vice chairman of the Confer- JNS.org that it is important to toshow his extremistpositions Kentucky Senator] Mitch Mc- ence of President of Major understandthatPaul'sposition is like putting a piece a piece Connell, who has been terrific American Jewish Organiza- on foreign aid puts him"in the of challah on your [Passover] on Israel--or is he more like tions, who traveled with Paul great minority." sederplatetoshowyourhouse- Ron Paul?" to Israel in January, told JNS. "Congress has to react by hold is kosher." The RJC did not invite Ron org there is "some change in passing bills and putting to- U.S. Sen. Robert Menendez Paul to its candidates' forum his positions--although there gether budgets that ignore his (D-N J) chairsthe ForeignRela- for the 2012 presidential elec- are someofwhichwithwemay position,"Slotnicksaid."Maybe tions Committee. Keyak said, tion because he was "so far not agree." someday he will rethink the "Those of-us who care about outside of the mainstream of "[Paul]hadaverygoodmeet- issue." Israel's safety and security--as the Republican party and this ing with the Prime Minister Slotnick, who once sought well as America's--should be organization," Brooks told the (BenjaminNetanyahu),"Hoen- the Republican nomination thankful to have a [Foreign Washington Jewish Week in lein said."On numerous occa- for New York State Attorney Relations Committee] chair- 2011, and the group could face sions, he expressed supportfor General, called Paul "very man like Senator Menendez. a similar decision with Rand Israel." Hoenlein believes Paul intelligent" and "a force to be WeshouldallhopethatSenator Paul if he remains a factor in has "elected a more nuanced reckoned with," but reiterated Paulnevergainssuchseniority. the 2016 race. positiononaidregardingIsrael thathispositiononforeignaidis However, by placing him to be The Conference of Presi- as opposed to others he would "aminorminorityinCongress." onthe[ForeignRelationsCom- dents' Hoenlein said his group like to cut off." Paul, however, "Do I think he counts? Ulti- mittee],Republicansaregiving hopes that as Paul becomes did specifically speak in Israel mately, Idonot," Slotnicksaid. Paul that chance sometime moreinvolvedinforeignpolicy, about"phasing out" aid to the Asked why he thought Re- down the road." hewill"understandthatforeign Jewish state, Hoenlein noted, publicans decided to place When Paul was running for aid is an important part of our Regarding Paul's opposition Paul on the Senate Foreign Senatein2010,RepublicanJew- foreign policy initiative and to Israel aid, Hoenlein said, Relations Committee, Slotnick ish Coalition (RJC) Executive affects our security." "Obviously we don't agree responded, "Without question, Director Matthew Brooks said "Ithinkhewaswellreceived regarding the importance of Paul has been put on the For- Paul is "outside the comfort in Israel," Hoenlein told JNS. foreign aid, although aUocat- eign Relations Committee so level of a lot of people in the org. "Time will tell." Courtesy Alfred Bader/Photo by Jessica Bushey Alfred Bader's internment shirt from Camp I in lle-aux- Noix, Quebec, circa 1940-1941. Bader arrived in Canada aboard the S.S. Sobieski and was interned for 15 months. By Arno Rosenfeld than almost anybody else." While greatly overshadowed VANCOUVER, Canada at the time by the enormity (JTA)--When Austrian and of the Holocaust, the refugee German Jews escaped Nazism episode illustrates two charac- by fleeing to Britain during teristics of Canadian govern- the 1930s, the last thing they ment policy that are difficult expectedwastofindthemselves to imagine today: rampant prisoners in Canada, interred in anti-Semitism and restrictive camps with some of the same immigration. The country is Nazis they had tried to escape one of Israel's staunchest allies back home. and has a relatively liberal im- But that's what happened to migration policy. In 2001, more some 7,000 European Jews and than 18 percent of Canada's "Category A" prisoners--the population was immigrant; in most dangerous prisoners of 2010, Canada admitted more war--whoarrivedonCanadian legal immigrants than it had shores in 1940. Fearing a Ger- in 50 years. maninvasion, Britainhadasked This wasn't the case during its colonies to take some Ger- World War II, when Frederick manprisonersandenemyspies. Charles Blair directed Canada's But the boats included many immigration branch. Blair refugees, including religious believed an international Jew- Jews and university students, ish conspiracy was trying to ThoughBritainalertedCana- skirt Canadian immigration dato the mistake, itwould take policiesbysneakingtherefugees three years for all the refugees into the country. Moreover, to be freed, anti-Semitic attitudes among "Itwasaperiodwhereevery- Canada's Protestant elite had body was closing their doors," hardenedintherun-uptoWorld said Paula Draper, a historian War II, according to University whoworkedonanexhibitabout of British Columbia historian therefugeescurrentlyondisplay Richard Menkis. at the Vancouver Holocaust TheProtestantsbelievedeth- Education Centre."But Canada nic minorities lacked Canadian closed its doors more tightly values, a view similar to that of Courtesy the Gerson family/Photo by Jessica Bushey A scene from internment by Wolfgang Gerson, watercolor on toilet paper, from Camp N in Sherbrooke, Quebec, circa 1940-1942. Gerson gave lectures to fellow internees while interned in camps in Quebec and Ontario and painted on whatever he could due to the scarcity of paper. Quebecois nationalists, who might have been able to rescue believed the province should re- from the Holocaust," Draper mainboth Frenchand Catholic. said. Jews faced quotas in universi- Draper, who has taught in ties, were blocked from various the Canadian Studies program professional fields and barred at the University of Toronto's from certain neighborhoods. University College, began re- "Therewerecertainobservers searching the internment of who thought that places like Jewish refugees in the 1970s.At Toronto and the establishment thetime, theJewishcommunity there was as anti-Semitic as wasreluctanttocomplainabout anything in North America," this history given the fate ofthe Menkis said. Jews of Europe. Even among After tiring of Canadian in- the survivors themselves, who transigenceontherefugeeissue, lamented their lost years of the British sent a high-ranking freedom, many were thankful diplomat, Alexander Paterson, just to have escaped the destiny to assure the Canadians that of their European brethren. the Jewish refugees posed no "To be overly critical of a security threat. Paterson ended government'spolicyatthetime, up spending more than eight aboutthisspecificgroup, inlight months in the country and of the Holocaust," was hard to cleared many of the prisoners justify, Draper said. individually. But if criticizing the Canadi- By 1943, the last of the refu- angovernmentintheaftermath gees had been released. Many of the Holocaust wassomewhat went on to make important taboo, today the internment contributions to Canadian so- camps have been largely forgot- ciety, includingtwoNobelPrize ten. Moreover, given how far winners. But as late as 1948, Canada has come, itcanbeeasy even after the horrors of the to overlook the anti-Semitism Holocaust had been revealed, that led to them. a public opinion poll had Jews Beginning in the 1960s, ranking near the top of a list much began to change in Can- of groups that Canadians least ada. Hoping to placate French wanted in their country. Canadians who felt shut out "This is how blind Canada of society at large, the govern- was, blinded by racism, to the ment launched a dialogue on potential of all the people they biculturalism. .... iy , Courtesy Eric Koch/Library and Archives Canada/Photo by Marcell Seidler Photograph of an internee in a camp uniform, taken by internee Marcell Seidler, Camp N in Sherbrooke, Quebec, circa 1940-1942. Seidler secretly documented camp life using a handmade pinhole camera. "A number of groups--with classes, taught each other the Ukrainians in the lead-- English and Torah, published said, 'Well, biculturalism isn't newspapers and made art, enough,' " Menkis said. "That pieces of which are on display at opened a whole discussion at the Vancouver center's exhibit. the federal level about multi- The exhibit also features video culturalism." testimony from survivors and TheJewishrefugeeswereheld artifacts from the camps rang- ineightcampsacrossCanada, at ing from homemade board least two of which also housed games to personal diaries to Nazi prisoners. Because they luggage brought from Britain. were not prisoners of war, the Over time, the treatment of Jewish refugees fell outside of Jews in the camps improved; the protections of the Geneva eventuallytheywerereclassified Conventions. As a result, they from enemy prisoners to refu- were sometimes treated worse gees. Upon their release, many than the Germans. In some returned to Britain to support camps, the Nazis had access to the war effort. Christian clergy and enjoyed "They were the first wit- Christmas trees and decora- nessestothehorrorsofNazism," tions, while the Jews struggled Draper said. "They're the ones to find menorahs or candles, who knew more than anyone and rabbiswere hardto come by. else what was happening to the Jewish prisoners organized people who didn't get out."