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March 23, 2018

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PAGE 8A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, MARCH 23, 2018 By Ron Kampeas tor of its Center for Law and policies. His administration international terror attacks will prevent many if not most the Trump administration is Justice. has frozen $65 million in to sue for damages in the victims of international ter- taking the opposite side from WASHINGTON(JTA)--The The Supreme Courtwill say transfers to the United Na- United States. rorism from suing to hold them--why it's fighting their Trump administration sided by March 29 whether it will tions relief agency assisting Francisco's filing touched their terrorist attackers ac- attempt to claim damages with the Palestine Liberation consider the appeal by the Palestinianrefugeesandtheir on issues of preserving the countable," the ZOA said. from the Palestinian govern- Organization in a terrorism litigants in the case known as descendants. It backs a bill in executive branch's prerogative InOctober, Republican and ment. Is there any prospect lawsuit that the Supreme Sokolow v. Palestine Libera- Congress that would cut U.S. to intervene in such cases in Democratic lawmakers inof a change in that policy?" Court may soon consider, tion Organization. funding to the Palestinians order to protect American both chambers of Congress Pollak asked. drawing an angry rebuke The lead plaintiff, Mark untilthe PalestinianAuthor- foreign policy interests--the urged the solicitor general Sessions seemed caught from conservatives, includ- Sokolow, told JTAin an inter- ity stops paying the families core argument of the Obama to support Sokolow's appeal, off guard. ing one of its most steadfast view that he was shocked by of Palestinians who attack and Bush administration's Rep. Kathleen Rice, D-N.Y "Thosepresentverydifficult Jewish communitydefenders, the solicitor general's filing. Israelis and Americans.interventions in the law- initiated a letter in the U.S. legal questions," he said."And the Zionist Organization of He noted that the Obama ad- (The Obama administra- suit, which was launched in House of Representatives our team is working on it. So I America. ministration had intervened tion withheld funds corn- 2004. But most of it turned signed by 67 Republicans and will have to get backwith you In 2015, a federal jury in on behalf of the PLO in 2015, mensuratewiththepayments on technical constitutional Democrats. Rice is Sokolow's on the status of that case." Manhattan ruled in favor of persuading the Manhattan to Palestinian attackers; the arguments, representative in the House. BrianMcNicoll, acolumnist American victims injured DistrictCourttosubstantiaUy bill Trump backs would cut The PLO is entitled to due Sen. Chuck Grassley, R-for the conservative Townhall in six terror attacks that oc- lower the bond--usually the almost all funding to the process, the solicitor general Iowa, who helped author the website, chided Sessions and curred in Israel between 2002 equivalent of the judgment, Palestinians.) argues, because it qualifies 1992 Anti-Terrorism Act that Francisco. and 2004, handing down a in this case $656 million-- On the other hand, Trump as a "person" under U.S. law. underpinstheplaintiffs'case, "Doesn't it seem like the $656 million decision against which allowed the PLO the is deeply invested in a bid The filing also says that the initiated a letter signed by administration of the most the PLO. An appellate court resources to file its appeal, led by his son-in-law, Jared presence of two PLO offices 23 senators of both parties, pro-Israel president in a gen- overturned the decision a TheObamaadministration Kushner, to revive Israeli- in the United States does not Grassley a year ago joined a erationmightbeinterestedin year later, argued then that the award Palestinian peace talks, meet the test of establishing number of other senators in winningjusticeforAmericans Solicitor General Noel would cripple the ability of Sokolow, hiswifeandtwoof the PLO as a legitimate U.S. filing an amicus brief in the injured or killed by terror- Francisco supported the the Palestinian Authority -to his daughters were injured in target for litigation, and that case;the House has also filed ists?" he asked. appellate court's finding in function, thus posing a risk a Jerusalem suicide bombing the terrorists would not have an amicus brief. James Glassman, a top a Supreme Court filing last toU.S.interestsintheregion, in2002thatkilledan81-year- necessarily known that some Lawmakers have yet to State Department official in month, mostly on technical "Wedidnotthinkanything oldman. His fellow plaintiffs of the casualties were Ameri- weigh in on the solicitor the George W. Bush admin- grounds, along those lines would come are families of victims ofter- canThelatterclaimmitigates general's filing, but cries of istration, wrote in a op-ed The Trump administra- out of this administration," rorist attacks in Israel that outrage are already reverber- for The Hill that siding with tion's argument "hurts the Sokolowsaid, citingPresident killed 33, including several that allows lawsuits against ating in conservative media, the PLO in this case would American terrorvictims, aids Donald Trump's invocations Americans, andwoundedover entities that deliberately tar- usually a redoubt of Trump not help advance the peace and comforts terrorists, and of "America first" when it 450. Their suit argued that get U.S. interests, support. Joel Pollak, a top process. makes them less concerned comes to foreign policy, thelate PLO Chairman Yassir The legalities drew special editor atBreitbartNews, in an "In fact, it is counterpro- aboutfacingconsequencesfor Trump has gone much Arafat had paid attackers and ire from critics of the filing, exclusive interview with U.S. ductive," he said. "Imposing their hideous actions," said a further than the Obama ad- their families. "The United States has in AttorneyGeneralJeffSessions actual, financial costs on March 7statement byMorton ministration in using Ameri- They were suing under the effect assented to the juris- askedaboutFrancisco's filing, those who use and support Klein, theZOApresident, and can funds to pressure the Anti-Terrorism Act, which dictional hurdles imposed "The question some of [the terrorism is the right wayto Susan Tuchman, the direc- Palestinians to hew to U.S. allows American victims of by the Second Circuit, which plaintiffs] have raised is why achieve peace." Amos Ben Gershom/GPO President Reuven Rivlin with his grandson, looMng with a candle for any sign of chametz as he prepares for the Jewish holiday of Passover (April 2, 2015). By Deborah Fineblum eight days outside of Israel, with two seders held on the (JNS)--Why is this year first and second nights of the going to be different from all holiday. Israelis celebrate for otheryears?Becausethisyear, seven days and hold just one you can stump your guests seder the first night. This with the meaning behind year, Passover begins after many of the mysterious rites sundown on the 15th day of that comprise the Passover the Jewish month of Nisan, seder, correlating to Friday, March Let's face it, you finally 30, which is also Shabbat. wrap up those frenzied days But Pesach or Passover in of cleaning and cooking. And English, which refers to G-d then your guests arrive (Pass- "passing over" the households over is an even bigger family of the Hebrews in Egypt dur- reunionthan RoshHashanah, ing that deadly 10th plague or the Jewish New Year), and by killingofthefirst-born, hasits thetimeyoupassouttheHag- fair share of mind-boggling gadahsandthesederactually traditions. Here are eight begins, youoftenslogthrough customs, one for each day of it on autopilot, the holiday: Passover is celebrated for The Burning of the Cha- metz. It's not enough to trash the chametz (leavened food). We are commanded to actual- ly burn it in a formal bi'ur cer- emony the morning before the first seder (having searched for it the evening before with a candle and feather). We learn that chametz represents our haughtiness, and setting it aflame is a dramatic way of excising that puffed-up part of us, which we replace with a humble matzah," said Rabbi Ron Fish. "But the truth is, by then we've finished with all the exhausting preparations and are feeling pretty joyous." At some synagogues, includ- ing Temple Israel in Sharon, Mass where Fish serves as senior rabbi, the tradition is to burn the chametz with last year's Sukkot lulavs, which keep the fire burning bright. Reclining on Pillows. The Gemara teaches us to lie back on pillows at the seder, a reminder that we have been freed from slavery. "I love it most when we recline to eat that first taste of the matzah," said Rabbi Avra- ham Sutton, an author and meditation teacher based in Kiryat Ye'arim (also known as Telz-Stone), Israel. We wait for this moment the whole night. Holding my matzah in my right hand, I close my eyes, and chew slowly and consciously." Seder Plate. Bitter herbs? A burnt egg? Ground-up apples and nuts? A bone? Not your typical meal. But each of the foods on the seder plate teaches us something. Shira Smiles, an author who teaches Torah around Jerusalem, credits Rav Pincus with the thought that the six items on the seder plate--shank bone, egg, bitter herbs, karpas (green vegetable), charoset (made of nuts, apples, wine An Israeli family joins in holiday in Tzur Hadassah. Nati Shohat/Flash 90 the Passover seder last year on the first night of the Jewish and cinnamon) and chazeret said Rabbi Shneur Zalman we thank G-d for actualizing (oftenromaine)--correspond Bendet, co-directorofChabad each of His words with such to six qualities, from compas- of Greater St. Paul in Minne- majesty, letting us know that sion to accepting our own sota. "Matzah represents the freedom is a process which pain, needed for growth, ability to break free from our doesn't happen overnight." "Pesach enables us to have a shackles, the bitter herbs rep- The Four Questions. deeper understanding that it resentsuffering, andcharoset Knownasawaytogetthekids is only with challenges that symbolizes the cement--the toinquire about the dramatic we can become who [G-d] elbow grease it takes to serve storyofG-d'srescueofthe Is- envisions us to be," she said. G-d," he said. raelites from Egyptian slavery, "The seder plate is avisual aid The Four Cups. Each cup they remind Rabbanit Y. Sara ofhowweneedtoemulate[G- of wine is designed not to Cohen, ateacherinBrooklyn, d] and develop more kindness, increase inebriation, but to N.Y and on Torahanytime. setboundaries, and appreciate serve as signposts along the com, of a story. When her the beauty in the struggles seder journey. The number community was hit with sev- of life." four is a motif throughout, eral tragedies, a young man Hillel Sandwich. After accordingtoRabbiElanAdler, asked: "Rabbi, what's going whatseemslikeaneternity, we formerlyofBaltimoreandnow on here? These young chil- nibble some matzah and then teaching Torah in Jerusalem dren, the parents how could buildanancientsandwich--a and the nearby neighborhood this have happened to such tradition traced to the first- of Ma'aleAdumim. One of the innocent people?" The rabbi century sage Hiilel, who no lesser-known fours comes replied: "Bring me a Pesach doubt included the Pascal fromExodus6:6-8,whereG-d Haggadah." He opened it up lamb (korban or "sacrifice") promises four things: "I will and handed it to the young in his version. "But in our takeyouout, Iwillrescueyou, man, who replied that"these post-Temple times, we are I will redeem you, and I will are the four questions." The left with the bitter herbs and take you as my nation." Adler matzahwithalittlecharoset," said "as we bless each cup, Stump on page 18A