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March 21, 1980     Heritage Florida Jewish News
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March 21, 1980
 

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Page 6. HERITAGE. Florida Jewish News, March 21, 1980 TECHNION: World / by Barbara Coenson-Roth HERITAGE Staff If a Jewish state were to ever prosper, it first had to have engineers.., so as early as 1908, the groundwork was laid for what was to become lsraers oldest and only technical university-- Technion-lsrael Institute of Technology. Today, Technion scien- fists conduct pioneer work in the field of medicine leading to astonishing develop- rnents such as a wheelchair which can be self-powered by the blink of an eye, even by quadraplegics; a small electronic pain killer which can be worn daily on a piece of clothing: an affordable home dialysis machine and the new "cat scanner." Outside the field of elec- tronic medicine, Technion scientists are making re- markable strides in desal- ination of sea water, extracting oil from shale by a low-powered lazer beam. Architects make use of Israel's only wind tunnel at the Institute to test durability of new modern building structures, as welt as advancements in its world- famous aeronautical industry. The Beginning Although plans for the technical institute were laid in ] 908, a series of events delayed the opening of the school until late 1924. In 1908 one of the leaders of the German Zionist group, Hilfsverein der Deutschen Juden (Relief Organization of German Jews), Paul Nathan of Berlin, fathered *%. 4 A ql, plans for the school With 100,000 rubles from heirs of a Moscow Jew and a $100,000 contribution from a New York Jew, the Hilfsuerein--an organiza- tion founded in 1901 to improve the social and politi- cal conditions of Jews in Eastern Europe and the Orient--proceeded to con- struct a building for the Insti- tute, laying the cornerstone on the slopes of Mt. Carmel, in 1912. As the opening date for Technion (then known by the German name T(,chni. kum) approached, the governing board was faced with its first major problem-- was class instruction to be conducted in German or Hebrew? classes in December, 1924--with Hebrew as the sole language. The school was first modeled after technical training universities in Central and Eastern Europe before the establishment of the state of Israel, but was later patterned after similar institutions in the United States Growing in size and stature. Technion added a faculty for natural sciences and mathematics to its charter classes in engineer- ing and architecture in 1953, In that same year, it began a move from the original loca- tion to a 300-acre campus known today as "Technion City." In 1957 the Institute began The board, which was to hear both sides of the argu- ment from groups all over the world, delayed the open- ing of the school, and before the controversy was resolved, World War I broke out. The unoccupied build- ing was used as a military hospital, first for Turkish forces, later for the British. After the war, the Zionist Organization acquired the property from the Hilfsverein and the school held its first \\; ,t its graduate program and in 1970 the medical facilities opened, making Technion one of only two technical universities in the world today with its own medical school. The Progress Ranked among the ten largest institutes of its kind in the free world, Technion has made contributions to the advancement of technology which have earned it the name of "the MIT of the Middle East." With more than 75 percent of Israel's engineers, architects, chemists and bio-engineers as graduates of the school, the Technion has indeed become a vital necessity for the survival of Israel. Major breaMhroughs in the knowledge of desalina- tion of sea water have taken Technion scientists to such far away places as the Florida Keys to work with American scientists. In light of the world-wide energy crisis, Technion sci- entists are continuously looking for alternate sources of oil. American oil companies are working with Technion researchers who developed a low-powered lazer beam for extracting oil from shale. Although Israel has enough shale to last another 25 to United States 11 supply in its Technion also ent process sun's being made wind productive comrnunities. Recent Israel's survivali on composed graduates, duced the fighter plane. rently newest (Lion). New tic technique mentation at Techni0n school. The an x-ray scan an entire to aid diac problems. If a plains of pain abdomen cannot the patient is conveyor bel t scanner" body so "look determine if ities exist Technion developed a which can be by eye ally useful the screen certain eye the patient to own free will. cannot speak c cate to the screen Most kidney frequent tril each week home dial ing between Technion developed get, smaller cl ......................... , 'd '