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PAGE 14A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, MARCH 9, 2018 172 mass By Dr. Yvette AIt Miller Aish Hatorah Resources Father Desbois is on a mis- sion to expose the Holocaust's hidden crimes. Father Partick Desbois, a French priest, might be one of the greatest detectives of all time. In nearly a decade of work, he has uncovered the murder of 1.5 million Jews in Eastern Europe during World War II. His most recent book, "In Broad Daylight," maps out the mass killings of Jews in Eastern Europe in exhaus- tive detail. While the mass execution of Jews in Poland, France and Germany in Nazi con- centration camps and death camps is well documented, in the eastern countries including Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and other neighbor- ing nations, the Nazis used a different method to murder Jews. Over a million and a half Jews in these regions were murdered by mobile Nazi military units called Einsatzgruppen. Jews were forced into fields and woods, shot, and buried, their mass graves left unmarked and forgotten. Father Desbois calls these massacres "The Holocaust by Bullets" and he's made it his life mission to uncover these crimes, case by case, and show the world what happened. Father Desbois' grandfa- ther had been a prisoner of war in Ukraine in a village called Rawa-Ruska, though he seldom spoke to his grandson about what he'd seen there. A visit to Poland and Ukraine made the Holocaust more real and upon his return to France, Father Desbois began to learn Hebrew and Jewish history. He wanted to see for himself what had become of 3 4 5 6 15 18 23 - l 27 28 ~ m :37 41 44 48 - l 51 52 55 56 63 66 69 the Jews near the Nazi camp in Rawa-Ruska. It took years of visiting Rawa-Ruska to finally learn even a part of the truth. At first, Father Desbois was rebuffed. The town's mayor refused to say anything and villagers wouldn't speak. Re- searching the town's history, Father Desbois discovered that about 10,000 Jews had disappeared from the town during the Holocaust. He was flabbergasted. The murder of even one person in his small town would have been a huge event. Father Desbois couldn't understand how the murder of 10,000 went seemingly unnoticed, resolutely unre- membered. He started tracking down survivors of the Rawa-Rusk POW camp who'd been in- terred with his grandfather. He finally met one, Rene Chevalier, a nephew of the famous French singer Mau- rice Chevalier, who agreed to meet. "Did you ever see Jews being assassinated?" Father Desbois asked him. Chevalier's eyes clouded over. "With a voice full of re- strained emotion, he started to talk, with a fixed gaze that looked far into the distance," Father Desbois later related. "He had witnessed the requi- sition of Jewish women to do the harvesting as there were no more animals to pull the carts filled with hay. They came in the morning with their children. The German who was guarding them could not stand their crying and whenever it irritated him too much, he would get hold of a little child and bludgeon it to death against the cart. In the evening, all that remained were the women, carts and hay." In 2003, Father Desbois 7 8 9 10 11 16 19 ll- -I 24 l - 29 30 32 38 39 45 m 5O 53 57 58 59 64 67 7O 478291 563 356874192 192653478 281567349 745329816 639418257 913785624 524936781 867142935 returned to Rawa-Ruska and the new deputy mayor knew of his quest. He went to Father Desbois and said, "Patrick, we are waiting for you." He led Father Desbois to a desolate area outside of town where about a hundred elderly people were waiting. They took him to the mass grave where the Jews of Rawa-Ruska had been shot and buried. One by one, the elderly people spoke, re- calling the day the Jews were massacred. The Jews were herded together, led out of town, and shot near a freshly dug mass grave. Finding that some people in the pit were still alive, the German soldiers threw grenades into the pit to kill yet more victims. Some locals recalled helping the Nazis in the bloodbath. When the testimony was over, Father Desbois was stunned. As he prepared to leave, the deputy mayor said, "Patrick, this is what I could do for one village. I can do the same thing for a hundred villages." Father Desbois then realized that this was his mis- sion and decided on the spot to document this and other long-forgotten massacres before it was too late. He started researching and visiting sites of massacres, and interviewing locals. In 2004, Father Desbois founded a group called Yachad-in Unum, a combination of the words for "together" in both Hebrew and Latin, to help with his work. The 29 full- time members of Yachad-In Unum, many of whom are young people working on their Ph.D.'s, provide himwith support and companionship as he plumbs the depths of human evil. That research has taken years and thousands upon thousands of hours. They have interviewed nearly 6,000 witnesses to the massacre of Jews and other minorities in Eastern Europe. Each investigation takes weeks to complete. "When they smile and welcome me into By Mitchell Bard The most offensive at- tacks made by Palestinians and their supporters against Israelis are comparisons to the Nazis. These analogies demonstrate a profound ignorance of history--and a malicious hatred of Jews. As an educational service to these ignoramuses and propagandists, I would like to provide some examples of what the Nazis did to the Jews. First, I must apologize for the graphic nature of some of the examples, but they were purposely chosen because they are so horrific that they are not often discussed. The discussion of the Ho- locaust is often antiseptic. We talk about the six million murdered by the Nazis as if it is an abstract statistic--similar to the GDP of Brazil. Israel's detractors simply think of Jews as victims of mistreat- ment that is no different from the way that Palestinians are treated today. It is a lie. their homes," Father Desbois explains of the elderly locals whose stories he documents, "I don't know if they saved Jews or participated in the killing." "We were very surprised at the amount of locals who remember the day the Jews were killed," Father Desbois recalls in an exclusive Aish. com interview. In each town where Jews were massacred, the children of the village were witnesses, and some- times even participants. "The schools were closed, everyone went to watch the mass mur- der of their towns' Jews." In the small town of Medzhybizh, the birthplace of the Baal Shem Tov, the founder of the Hassidic move- ment, Father Desbois and his team located 17 witnesses. "We wondered why there were so many witnesses.'! It turned out that the day of the killing was like a holiday. "The killing of the Jews was a public event, like a show." A witness named Vladimir told Father Desbois about the day a Ukrainian policeman came to his school with a horse-drawn cart. The teacher pointed out each of the half- Jewish children, crying "Ju- den! Judent Juden!" and the policeman took them away. Later, Vladimir described how he and his friends came to watch the Jews' murder: "I came through the cornfield to see," he explained. "For us children, it was interesting." For many witnesses, the murder of their town's Jews was something to celebrate simply because it was fun, or because it allowed the belong- ings of murdered Jews to be seizedby townspeople. Father Desbois has found there is very little regret and sorrow over the massacres. Some witnesses are even proud that they aided the Nazi killers. In many cases, villagers were forced to watch Nazis murder. In other cases, some were eager participants. Typi- cal was the testimony of one Every concentration camp was horrible, but let's con- sider what occurred at one of the camps that may be less familiar than Dachau or Auschwitz. According to war crimes prosecutors, here are some of the methods used to kill Jews at Mauthausen: "gas- sing, hanging, clubbing, heart injections, driving inmates into the electric fence, kicking in genitals, being buried alive, and by putting a red-hot poker down the throat." Father Patrick Desbois documented how Jews in Ukraine were killed by the Nazis "for fun," "out of anger, boredom, drunkenness," or "to rape the girls." Atvarious times and places, Jews would be forced to strip naked and dig their own graves before the Nazis shot them so their bodies would fall into them. Ifa single shot did not kill a Jew, sometimes they were buried alive to save bullets. In Hungary, three Jews were tied together along the bank of the Danube. The middle person was shot, send- Ukranian named Andrei, who was 15 when he helped Nazi troops massacre the Jews in his village. Andrei insisted in wearing his old Soviet medals to the interview with Father Desbois, and sat proudly, showing them off. He was among other men in the vil- lage requisitioned to build a temporary prison to hold his town's Jews. He recalled one old Jew begging through the barbed wire, telling him he was starving and asking An- drei for bread. Andrei traded him some bread for the Jew's watch and calmly recounted the entire episode to Father Desbois' team, seemingly undisturbed by his role in the suffering. "All their (the Jews') goods were pillaged by the villagers. People took everything " "The shooting of the Jews in thevillagewas like a carnival," Father Desbois explains sadly. "Everyone wanted to watch, wanted to grab something." In all his years interview- ing witnesses, not one has ever asked Father Desbois for forgiveness, as a religious leader, for their role in mas- sacring Jews. An old woman named Olga recalled her town's Jews be- ing rounded up and led to an execution point on Sept. 21 and 22, 1943. "We lived not far from the paved path on which they took the Jews," Olga recalled. "People said it was Judgment Day." It was a sentiment Father Desbois had heard before; the killing of Jews seemed to some witnesses to be a fulfillment of Christian doctrine. "Some people were thinking it had a religious element," Father Desbois explains. "The Jews were dying in the middle of the Christians. They thought it was something from God." As a refutation to the Jew- hatred he has uncovered and to counter the growing num- ber of people who deny the Ho- locaust, Father Desbois wrote "In Broad Daylight: The Secret ing all three into the freezing water to drown. Groups of Jews were cor- ralled into buildings, and locked inside before the buildings were set on fire. In Bialystok, 800-1,000 Jewish men and boys were burned alive in the Great Synagogue on June 27, 1941. Recently, advocates for the Palestinians have made an issue of a small number of Palestinian teenagers being arrested by Israel for various crimes. During the Holo- caust, one million children were gassed, burned alive, stabbed or starved to death for the crime of being Jewish. Jews at many camps were employed as slave laborers. For example, the Heinkel air- craft manufacturing company used between 6,000 and 8,000 prisoners from Sachsenhau- sen to help build a bomber. Prisoners unfit to work in the camps were murdered. Those who survived the long work- ing hours with little food or rest were usually killed later. In one town, Jews were Procedures behind the Holo- caust by Bullets," a painstak- ing account of the mechanics of killing whole communities of Jewish men, women, and children. The book chrono- logically describes the process of arriving in town, selecting townspeople to help, rounding up and killing Jews and then burying them in mass graves and removing all trace of the crime, providing a horrific account of the template Nazi troops used to kill over one and a half million Jews, and the role that bystanders often played in helping them. When he teaches about the Holocaust, Father Desbois stresses that it was a crime on a massive scale. Ideology played a part, but the desire to steal, to rape, to pillage, and to kill were what motivated most of the people he has interviewed. This year Father Desbois has been teaching at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C and is training students and profes- sors alike to be meticulous in their research about the Holocaust, to be able to prove to a new generation that it did indeed take place. In recent years, Father Desbois and his team have made numerous trips to Iraq, documenting mass killings by ISIS. He's written a book on the subject, which is due out in July 2018. He has continued his grueling pace in Eastern Europe, racing to document yet more mass graves and evidence of genocide against Jews and others. Father Des- bois estimates he has about four more years in which he can work because witnesses to the Holocaust are aging and dying. That means only four more years in which "to give back the dead to their family, to the community and to fight strongly against the deniers." More information about Fa- ther Patrick Desbois' organi- zation, Yachad-in Unim, visit https://www.yahadinunum. org/ and https://www.face- book.com/yahadinunum/. taken to the butcher's slaugh- terhouse. They were stripped and forced to crawl on their hands and knees up the ramp used for animals. When they reached the end, their heads were chopped off and put in baskets. Their bodies were taken and hung on meat hooks with signs that said "kosher meat." The Palestinians have fab- ricated stories about Israel infecting Palestinians with the AIDS virus. These were actual medical experiments carried out by the Nazis: AtAuschwitz, JosefMengele injected twins and dwarfs-- aged two and above -- with various substances. He then killed them so he could conduct comparative patho- logical examinations of their internal organs. Carl Clauberg injected chemical substances into the wombs of thousands of Jewish women to determine how long it would take to sterilize 1,000 women. Horst Schumann Nazis on page 15A