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February 24, 2012

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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, FEBRUARY 24, 2012 Threats From page 1A While the congressional threats to cut assistance to Egypt are just threats for now, the increasingly stern warnings from Washington underscore a deterioration in the U.S.-Egypt relation- ship amid the chaos of post- Mubarak Egypt. The most potent threat to Egyptian assistance came from Rep. Kay Granger (R- Texas), the chairwoman of the foreign operations subcom- mittee of the U.S. House of Representatives Appropria- tions Committee. "The harassment of Ameri- cans who are in Egypt trying to help build their democracy is unacceptable," Granger said last week after the charges were filed in Egypt against 16 U.S. citizens, including Sam LaHood, the son of U.S. Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood. At least six of the Americans remain in Egypt and are barred from the leav- ing the country, The New York Times reported. "Not one more dollar should flow to the government of Egypt until the secretary of state can assure the Ameri- can people that this issue is resolved," Granger said. U.S. officials have been scrambling to figure out who to deal with as Egypt has descended into disarray, with a soccer riot Feb. I devolving into a free-for-all that left at least 74 people dead. Adminis- tration officials have reached out to the Egyptian military government, to secular par- ties and to the Islamists who won the recentparliamentary elections. But a year after Mubarak's ouster, Egypt's future is still very much uncertain. The stakes are high, with implications not just for the peace treaty that has kept Is- rael's southern border mostly quiet for decades, but broader American capabilities in the region, including how the United States addresses ten- sions with Iran. The immediate dangers are to U.S. influence in helping shape the outcome of pro- democracy movements else- where in the region that are likely to take their cues from Egypt, the most populous and historically most important Arab country. There also are tactical dangers to the access that U.S. forces have in a re- gion where they might soon deploy to contain any Iranian threat to cut off oil supplies. "The aid was not only sup- posed to undergird the peace treaty but security arrange- ments, U.S. overflights, Suez Canal access," said David Schenker, a former Pentagon Middle East desk officer who is now an Egypt expert at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy. In the short term, a cutoff in assistance to the Egyp- tian government would not precipitate a war with Israel, experts say; no party in Egypt, however hostile it is to Israel ideologically, wants to invite the uncertainty of conflict with a powerful neighbor. "The Egyptians have their own reasons to keep the peace treaty and abide by its terms," said Ed Abington, a former diplomat in the region who subsequently joined a Wash- ington firm that lobbied for Ar:b governments. But, he added, "if we cut off assistance, we jeopardize the relationship we've had since Anwar Sadat. That would be bad for Egypt and the United States. We don't want to push Egyptians away." Should matters deteriorate, congressional action may be inevitable. Adding their voices to Granger's call were Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-Fla.), the chairwoman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, and Sen. Ben Cardin (D-Md.), the chairman of the Senate subcommittee on international development and foreign assistance. Cardin said the United States should "re-evaluate the status of our bilateral relationship" with Egypt. "One of the benefits of assistance was that we were going to have insight and influence," Schenker said. "If they're going to be overtly hostile, Congress has its own prerogative. It is a lot of money for the American taxpayer to give to a country that is not a friend." Whether the prosecution of LaHood and others could trigger actual cuts in the approximately $1.5 billion in U.S. assistance to Egypt is unclear. Newly stringent language about U.S. aid to Egypt in the 2012 congres- sional appropriations specifies that Egypt must meet "its obligations under the 1979 Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty" and support "the transition to civilian government including holding free and fair elections; implementing policies to protect freedom of expression, association, and religion, and due process of law." Nor is it clear yet whether due process has been violated for the 19 Americans who face charges. Egypt watchers say the activists likely were targeted by Fayza Abul Naga, Egypt's minister for interna- tional cooperation, a holdover from the regime of deposed President Hosni Mubarakwho is known for her anti-Western PAGE 15A animus. The activists may have created an opportunity for Naga by not obtaining the proper licenses and by violat- ing a recent travel ban on U.S. aid workers. That has led to a paradox, according to Schenker. "If you look at this from the SCAF's position," he said, using the acronym for the Su- preme Council of the Armed Forces, the interim military government in Egypt, "the White House has been beating them up for eight months for not democratizing enough, and now we're asking them to intervene in the judiciary, which is supposed to be inde- pendent." If anything, the arrests pointed to a broader problem vexing U.S. attempts to en- gage with Egypt, Schenker said: The country's transition is increasingly chaotic. "We knew Egypt was go- ing to be populist post- Mubarak, and this was to be anticipated," he said. "The challenge for us is to try and maintain a relationship with this country." Glitz From page 1A actions. She has played a major role in the Orlando Jewish community for de- cades and been a special force behind the congregation's new home. Tickets are $125 per per- son and include cocktails, hors d'oeuvres, and a dinner Lessons all kosher from Arthur's Catering. Sponsorship lev- els are available as well as discounted rates for seniors and young adults. For those unable to at- tend, there is a well wishers video presentation where the community can partici- pate. For more information call the synagogue. Co-chairs Nina Oppen- heim and Joanne Kane and their committee, a.k.a, their cast and crew, expect a sellout crowd. "Who would not want to be a part of a glamorous evening in a magnificent venue," says Oppenheim. "The silent auction has wonderful baskets full of great items and will be amazing!" Funds raised will benefit the Ohev Shalom Scholarship Fund. "For those who have not heard 42Five, expect an incredible performance, unlike anything you have ever heard before," states Oppenheim. The group has been performing their unique brand of entertain- ment since the turn of the century. They evolved from a street corner barbershop sound and now draw on funk, rock, jazz, and blues. "With nothing more than five voices, 42Five sounds like an entire instrumen- tal band," adds Kane. She continues, "They bring timeless, classical music to life with renewed freshness and infuses their beautiful harmonies with a loveable sense of humor and style all their own. .... For more information on this special event, call Ohev Shalom at 407-298-4650 or org. From page 1A Luntz Global. Orlando-area pediatric hematology and oncology physician Cliff Sel- sky, Ph.D., M.D., will lead a medical breakoutsession. The Maimonides medical society will be having a luncheon at 1:15 p.m. for all members who are participating in the symposium. Since 2006, Illinois native Kenzer hasworked for Honest Reporting, a non-governmen- tal organization that monitors Peace the media for what it perceives as bias against Israel. Dur- ing his first week with the organization, he traveled to Israel and learned firsthand how senior media editors and other Honest Reporting researchers manage media bias. Kenzer has spoken at national and international conferences over the past 10 years and has worked for many other organizations, including the Israel-based Magen David Adorn USA, Jewish Community Centers of Chicago, and B'nai B'rith Youth Organization. Hodorov analyzes Israel's economic advantages and challenges for Israel's Chan- nel 10 and IDF's official radio station. Among the subjects Hodorov covers are the min- istry of finance in Jerusalem, Central Bank of Israel, Central Bureau of Statistics, financial committees of the Israeli Parliament ("Knesset'), of- ficial state comptroller, and Tel-Aviv's Stock Exchange, as well as the major banks and insurance companies. In addition to his work as a TV news correspondent, Hodorov has also been the anchorman of economy radio shows and the vice-editor of"Good Morn- ing Israel," the most popular daily news broadcast on Israel radio. Buren, a graduate of Ohio State, has worked for The Israel Project, where she managed focus groups and polling on issues that affect Israel's security in the United States, Europe, Russia, and the Arab world. She current- ly serves as senior project director for Luntz Global, a leader in corporate, politi- cal, and non-profit message creation and image man- agement worldwide. Buren has conducted interactive language and media training sessions for ambassadors, top-ranking Israeli officials, professionals, and leaders who are key to impacting Israel's image. "We want our commu- nity to be as successful as Israel" Forest said. "With all their unrest, they still have economic growth. With so many immigrants, they have succeeded in assimilation and utilizing all the profes- sionals that come to Israel. In this symposium, we will discuss what we've learned from Israel and how we can use that to enrich our own Jewish community." Tickets are $15. To register online, go to or contact Karen Cohen at 407- 645-5933, ext. 228. From page 5A democracy in an otherwise despotic region. Organizers of Israel Peace Week employ methods such as interactive displays in the center of campus, cul- tivating relationships with non-Jewish groups on cam- pus, writing in the campus newspaper and innovative social media campaigns in order to educate as many of their peers as possible. In stark contrast, the main thrust of Israel Apartheid Week is to generate support for the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement, a campaign that calls on uni- versities and individuals to divest from companies that do business in Israel, boycott the sale of goods produced in West Bank settlements, and boycott Israeli universities and professors. By singling Israel out for censure and advocating for by The Israel Project and the American-Israeli Co- operative Enterprise indi- cates that most university students, while knowing little about the issues, are not sympathetic to the idea of boycotting Israel. And when the goals of the BDS movement are explained, op- position to the idea increases significantly. The arguments that both sides must accept respon- sibility for creating peace and that there are more constructive ways than boycotting to express con- cern about a government's policies--dialogue, for in- stance--resonate strongly with students. Even before the study, the students who created Israel Peace Week two years ago intuited that their peers could be engaged with mes- sages about peace and how to achieve it. By propagating a solution-oriented message, about a true solution. It is an opportunity for pro-Israel students to discuss difficult topics in a resonant manner. The contrast between solution-seeking and boy- cott is sadly mirrored in the Middle East today, of course. While Israel maintains a willingness to dialogue with the Palestinian Authority without preconditions, last September the P.A. sought to circumvent a negotiated settlement through its uni- lateral statehood bid. Sup- port for the statehood bid also did not gain traction on campus, while campaigns about Israel's efforts for a negotiated peace were better received. As the PA enters a unity government with Hamas, which openly calls for Israel's destruction, Israel Peace Week organizers had to communicate that this is yet another obstacle to peace. While the BDS move- such as Harvard Univer- sity and the University of Pennsylvania. While the universities have not endorsed the conferences, they are championed by prominent academics on each campus. At Penn, political science chair Ian Lustick, a well-known critic of Israel, expressed his support while stopping just shy of directly en- dorsing BDS. At Harvard, conference organizers are planning appearances by Harvard Law professor Duncan Kennedy, Kennedy School of Government professor Stephen Walt and Israeli academic Ilan Pappe, among others. The TIP/AICE data also indicate that 83 percent of students who have taken a Middle Eastern studies course believed their pro- fessors to be unbiased. This perception, when considered in light of growing academic movement into account, the pro-Israel community must think critically about how to maintain support for Israel among tomorrow's leaders. It certainly seems that the messages of peace and equal- ity are more persuasive than boycotts and sanctions. How do we ensure that Israel's supporters are more influential than its detrac- tors? As new battlegrounds arise, it's a question that must be considered. Natalie Menaged is the director of education of the Hasbara Fellowships, a project of Aish International that educates, trains and inspires students to stand up for Israel on campus. Sudoku solution from page 7 217436895 635189472 849752316 974315268 321698754 568274139 '"i 752943681 a one-state solution, BDS is Israel Peace Week lends ment may not have wide delegitimization of Israel, not simply a movement to wider understanding to the appeal on campus, it is has serious long-term im- criticize Israelipolicybut efforts thatIsraelhasmade gaining academic legiti-plications. 4 9 3 8 6 1 5 2 7 an effort to delegitimize the for peace, and the reality macy, most alarmingly Taking both the success of 'l'h state itself, that terror and ........ incitement by hosting conferences at IsraelPeaceWeekandthewid- I'I  ,0  17 o 3 i U Arecent study conducted must be era&cated to bring Ivy League institutions enlng legitimacy of the BDS ! ! i !i