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PAGE 16A HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, FEBRUARY 22, 2008 Mark Leibler, right, the co-chair of an Australian organization that promotes reconcili- ation with the country's Aboriginal population, with an Aboriginal elder and child during a recent reconciliation event. By Dan Goldberg SYDNEY, Australia (JTA)-- In what could be described as Australia's Yom Kippur, Prime Minister Kevin Rudd expressed last Wednesday the one word his predecessors refused to utter to indigenous Australians: Sorry. Rudd's Labor Party wrested power from John Howard's Liberals last November on a platform that included apologizing to the "Stolen Generations"--up to 100,000 mostly mixed-blood Aborigi- nal children who were forcibly removed from their families between 1910 and 1970. The text of the motion on the Stolen Generations, which won bipartisan sup- port, acknowledged the "profound grief, suffering and loss" inflicted on Ab- origines. Australian Jews, some of whom have been at the fore- front of the decades-long rec- onciliation effort, applauded the apology. "To the mothers and the fathers, the brothers and the sisters, for the breaking up of families and communities, we say sorry," Rudd said. "And for the ind ignity and degrada- tion thus inflicted on a proud people and a proud culture, we say sorry." In a historic speech that drew cheers and tears, Rudd said he hoped the apology would remove "a great stain ist of from the nation's soul." Mark Leibler, the co-chair of Reconciliation Australia, a national organization that promotes reconciliation, said Rudd's apology marked a "watershed" in Australian history but that this should be just the beginning of the reconciliation process. "The shame as far as this count is concerned will not be cleared up until we bridge the 17-year gap in the life expectancy between indig- enous and non-indigenous Australians," said Leibler, who attended the apology ceremony in Canberra last Wednesday. Leibler is also the chair- man of the world board of trustees of Keren Hayesod/ United Israel Appeal and national chairman of the Australia/Israel and Jewish Affairs Council. "We've suffered 2,000 years of persecution, and we un- derstand what it is to be the underdog and to suffer from disadvantage," he said. Jews have been at the forefront of pushing for civil rights in Australia. In 1965, Jim Spigelman, a cousin of the Pulitzer Prize- winning cartoonist Art Spie- gelman and now chief justice of the Supreme Court of New South Wales, led 30 students on the first Australian Free- dom Ride a journey into Outback Australia to protest racial discrimination against Aborigines, who were not entitled to vote and were prohibited from swimming pools, pubs and other public places. In the country town of Moree, a racist mob attacked the students and, accord- ing to newspaper reports at the time, Spigelman was smacked to the ground. The man most Jews and Aborigines hail as having made the greatest contribu- tion to the cause of Aborigi- nal rights is Ron Castan, a Jewish Australian dubbed by Aboriginal leaders as the "great white warrior." Castan. who died in 1999, was the lead counsel in the landmark 1992 Australian Supreme Court "MabO judg- menU--named for plaintiff display in our interaction between our fellow man. To say 'sorry' in a meaningful manner goes a long way in ensuring that mistakes and discrimination will not be repeated." In ad- dition to their activism on Aboriginal issues, Jews were instrumental in leading the crusade against the White Australia Policy, a series of laws from 1901 to 1973 that restricted non-white immi- gration to Australia. The president of the Ex- ecutive Council of Australian Jewry, Robert Goot, said he is proud of the Jewish commu- nity's ongoing commitment to reconciliation. Rudd's apology marked "the beginning in a new chapter in the quest by h3digenous Australians for complete equality with their Eddie Mabo which over- fellow Australians," Goot turned the legal fiction that observed. Australiawas "terra nullius," or an uninhabited land, when white settlers first arrived in 1788. Aborigines now own more than 10 percent of Australia's land mass. In a 1998 speech, Castan implored the government to say it was sorry, citing Holocaust denial in his ar- gument. "The refusal to apologize for dispossession, for mas- sacres and for the theft of children is the Australian equivalent of the Holocaust deniers those who say it never really happened," Cas- tan charged. In 1999, Howard proposed a motion expressing "deep and sincere regret" for the injus- tices suffered by Aborigines, but the then-prime minister said Australians "should not be required to accept guilt and blame" for the policies of previous governments. Aborigines number about 450,000 in an Australian population of 2.1 million. They are the most disadvan- taged group in Australia, suffering high rates of infant mortality, unemployment, alcohol abuse and domestic violence. More than 100 members of the Stolen Generations were present at last Wednesday's ceremony, which was broad- cast live on national televi- sion and on giant screens across the country. "Our faith teaches and emphasizes the universal principles of coexistence and respect for human dig- nity and rights," Rabbi Mor- dechai Gutnick, the presi- dent of the OrganizAtion of Rabbis of Australia, said in a statement: "It teaches the need to recognize and rectify any failings we may Rabbi Jeremy Lawrence of the Great Synagogue in Sydney said in a speech on reconciliation two weeks ago that Jews must not "deny nor stand by nor stand silent in the face of the pain of the Stolen Gen- erations. It is incumbent on us to acknowledge the wrong, to apologize for the damage caused." Noting the importance to Jews of the Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial in Jerusalem, the British-born rabbi said Aus- tralia should have a similar institution for Aborigines. "There ought to be a na- tional place where people who have suffered can come and identify with their past and understand that the in- cursion of their culture and heritage has been recognized and an apology has been made." he said. Rudd's apology comes more than a decade after a 1997 inquiry in Austra- lia's parliament, called the "Bringing Them Home" report, concluded that the Aborigines suffered "an act of genocide aimed at wip- ing out indigenous families, communities and cultures." The report urged the govern- ment to apologize and offer compensation to the victims and their families. The apology offers no recourse to compensation, although the issue is now being hotly debated. It also reignited the so-called "his- tory wars" between those who believe the Stolen Gen- erations were kidnapped in a sinister attempt to breed out theirAboriginality and others who say it was a benevolent attempt to save half-caste children from the ills of Ab- original society. t ! AMWAY ARENA FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 29 7:30 PM Tickets starting at $25 at ticketmaster.com*, the box office* and Ticketmaster* ticket centers. Kids/Senior Discounts. PHONE CHARGE: 407-839-3900 Groups (15+): 407-849-2014 Boys & Girls Clubs of America will receive a donation for every ticket sold. starsonice.com Produced by ffck smuckers.com Dates and cast subject to change. *Convenience fee applicable. Smucker's is a registered trademark ofl%e J.M. Smucker Company. ,Stars on Ice and logo are trademarks of International Merchandising Corporation. 02008 All Rights Reserved. HANDYMAN SERVICE Handy man and General Maintenance Air Conditioning i Electrical Plumbing, Carpentry Formerly handled mairitenance at JCC References available STEVE'S SERVICES Call Steve Doyle atO86) 668-8960 T l L