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February 15, 2013

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PAGE 16A By Linda Gradstein The Media Line HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, FEBRUARY 15, 2013 Israe l's navy plans to [p:cotect offshore gas fields "We will need four new off- shore patrol vessels outfitted with radar, anti-aircraft guns and helicopters," he said. "Each ship costs $100 million. We wi U also need an additional 200-300 people." First, though, the navy needs a governmental decision that they are responsible for the EEZ. That was in the final stages before Israeli Prime Minister Benyarnin Netanyahu called earl)/elections in Janu- ary, The officer says he hopes the new governmentwill make that decision soon. He said Israel will also install radar on smokestacks of the Hadera Power station which will be able to see far out to sea. "I don'twant to close offlarge areas of the sea," he said. "This way, the drilling companies can continue their work, and international ships can move more freely." As an aside he said the radar is manned exclusively by female sailors. "They have much better concentration than the boys," he said. "The commander of the navy could walk in and they wouldn't move their eyes away from the screen." The amounts of natural gas found off Israel's coast are stag- gering. There is an estimated 760 billion cubic meters of natural gas, enough to meet Israel's energy needs for 150 years.At today's prices, that gas would be worth $240 billion. But accessing the gas will not be simple. To export, Israel would first need to liquefy the natural gas, which would take up scarce land in Israel and has potential environmental risks. The first natural gas field, Tamar, already has a well 45 miles from Haifa. An underwa- ter pipeline will run from there to a production rig that will be erected 15 miles from Israel's southern coast near Gaza. Another gas field, Leviathan, is even larger and is 80 miles off the coast of Haifa. It is not scheduled to start producing natural gas for five years. The pipeline is likely to be a target. An Egyptian pipe- line that carried natural gas through the Sinai desert to Jordan, Syria, Lebanon and Israel has been a target for attacks. "There are technical differ- ences, but that pipeline was cut I5 times," Oded Eran, a senior research associate at the Institute for National Security Studies in Tel Aviv, told The square miles--which is more than Israel's territory on land. While the first 12 miles off the coast are considered Israel's territorial waters, much of the rest is called an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) but is in international waters. Accord- ing to international law, the EEZ is 200 miles off the cogst. In cases where two countries share the sea, the EEZ is split right down the middle. That is the case with Israel and Cyprus, which reached an agreement over how tosplit the gas. Con- versely, Israel has not reached an agreement with Lebanon overwhere the maritime border should be. The official Outlined the navy's plan for protecting the natural gas fields, which in- cludes drones, radar and new patrol ships. J n 20scar-nomincrted documentaries, TEL AVIV--Israel's first large gas field, Tamar, is due to begin producing natural gas next April. It is an economic bonanza for the state, and a se- curity nightmare for the navy, taskedwith protecting the huge area, much of which is outside Israel's territorial waters. "These fields have strategic significance and could be easily a target for our neighbors," a senior naval official in charge of planning, told The Media Line in an exclusive briefing in his office in Tel Aviv. "Usually to protect an area, we just make a sterile zone around it. Butwe can't do that in international territory." The area that needs to be protected is huge--some 9,000 Media Line. "This pipeline will be underwater but it could be reached by divers and it would not take great skill to cut it. The navy will need faster boats and anti-missile defense systems." The senior Israeli naval of- ficial says the drilling platforms are also a potential target of a missile attack by Hezbullah guerillas in south Lebanon. The platform for Tamar was built in Corpus Christi, Texas and recently sunk off Israel's coast. With its support structures it is well over 200 yards tall. It will be operated by U.S.-based Noble Energy, which owns 36 percent of the field. The platform weighs 34,000 tons. "These platforms could also be a target," the official said. "We also need a planto evacu- ate the platforms in the case of an attack." House and home,real estate, travel,food and dining, cars,fashion, jewelry, Judaica, entertainment, books, sports, games, music, art, crafts, hobbies and leisure, clubs and organizations, volunteering. Advertising Deadline: February 13, 2013 For More Information, Call: 407-834-8787 February 22, 2013 of both films. "We Jews are masters of self-criticism," Dror Moreh, the director of "Gatekeep- ers," said in an interview at a Los Angeles hotel. "It's in our genes." The six Shin Bet heads featured in "Gatekeepers" vary as much as the prime ministers who appointed them, but they share a hard-headed intellect and a disdain for most of Israel's politicians, past and present. Avraham Shalom, who headed the Shin Bet from 1980 to 1986, is the oldest of the six. He helped track down and kidnap the Nazi Adolf Eichmann, and pursued both the Arab perpetrators of the 1972 Munich Olympics mas- sacre and extremist Jewish West Bank settlers. Dressed in a plaid shirt and red suspenders, the avuncu- lar Shalom sets much of the tone for his succ'essors, who generally agree that despite the rebuffs and failures, Israel must try to negotiate with the Palestinians and take some tentative steps on the path to peace. "Negotiate with anyone?" Moreh asks somewhat in- "credulously in the film. "Yes, anyone," Shalom: answers, even Hamas and Islamic Jihad. Yaakov Peri, who assumed the post in 1988, was the key figure in battling the second intifada, setting up a vast network of Palestinian informers and collaborators, and allegedly authorizing "exceptional practices" dur- ing Shin Bet interrogations. Yet Peri reflects in the film on "the memories etched deep inside you.., when you retire, you become'a bit of a leftist." Moreh said his most sur- prising moment came when interviewing Yuval Diskin, who served as Shin Bet head from 2005 to 2011. Moreh asked for Diskin's reaction to a quote by Yeshayahu Leibowitz, a left-wing aca- demic who asserted that Israel's control over the West Bankwould lead to the Jew- ish state's inexorable moral corruption. To Moreh's astonishment, Diskin nodded in agreement, saying, "Every word is [writ- ten] in stone." Alegria Productions In a scene from the Oscar-nominated documentary '5 Broken Cameras,' co-director Emad Burnat is shown in- specting his cameras. Emad Burnat, the camera- man, narrator and co-direc- tor of "5 Broken Cameras," is a world removed from the well-educated, commanding Shin Bet chiefs of "Gatekeep- ers." A Palestinian farmer, his family has cultivated the land of Bil'in, a village of 1,900 just east of where Israel separates from the West Bank. When his fourth son, Gibreel, is born in 2005, he gets a video camera to record the boy's infancy and childhood, as well as tle sur- rounding village life. At about the same time, the religious settlement of Modi'in Illit is established nearby, protected by a fence that bars the village farmers from much of their land and olive groves. The villagers respond with weekly dem- onstrations. Israeli soldiers are called in to prevent the villagers from marching on the settlement, escalating the confrontation. A self-taught photogra- pher, Burnat and his camera capture the events, to the annoyance of the soldiers. Although some blood is spilled later on, the initial casualties are the cameras, which are smashed, replaced and smashed again, Five cameras go down, but the sixth is still doing duty today, Burnat says by. phone from Bil'in. Among the Israeli sympa- thizers who join the Bi'iin protesters is Guy Davidi, a Tel Aviv filmmaker who befriends Burnat and his family. Two years ago, Burnat showed Davidi his huge cache of video footage with the idea of fashioning it into a documentary. Davidi signed on as co-director and producer, raising $334,000, including $50,000 from government-funded Israel Film Council. Though it sounds like an unalloyed success story, the film's road to Oscar contention became a little bumpy after initial media reports in Israel and the United States trumpeted the unprecedented feat by "two Israeli films." The claim justifiably angered Burnat, opened him to criti- cism from his Palestinian compatriots and led to a boycott of the film in Arab countries. "This is a Palestinian film," Burnat told JTA. "It's about my village and mine is the major contribution." Under Academy Awards rules, documentaries are not entered by countries (as is the case for foreign- language feature movies) but by individual filmmak- ers and their distributors. So "5 Broken Cameras" is officially labeled as a Palestinian-Israeli-French co-production. The film illustrates one other point, too. As in most films by Palestinians, Israeli characters may be depicted as unwelcome interlopers, but they are not made into monsters or Nazis. "Many of the West Bank Palestinians have worked in Israel as construction work- ers, gardeners and so forth," Davidi said. "They speak our language and know more about us thanwe know about them. Even if they hate us, they understand something about the complexity of our society." Lifestyles -Issue ents the perspectives of six men who headed Israel's Shin Bet security agency over the past three de- cades-tough men who oversaw such operations as the targeted assassinations of Hamas and other terrorist leaders. In "5 Broken Cameras," a Palestinian farmer chroni- cles his village's resistance to the construction of an Israeli settlement and to the soldiers who try to squelch their protests The tone of "5 Broken Cameras" i s more emotional and "Gatekeepers" more intellectual, but both show that Israelis will accept a level of criticism too daunt- ing for most Americans to stomach or for mainstredm Hollywood to depict. And if that weren't enough, the Israeli government actually helped pay for the production LOSANGELES (JTA)--It's hard to imagine two more divergent perspectives on Israeli-Palestinian relations: that of a Palestinian farmer whose village is resisting the encroachment of a nearby Jewish settlement and of the security service chiefs responsible for maintain- ing order in the Palestinian territories. Surprisingly, however, these protagonists in two documentaries vying for an Academy Award in the best documentary feature category come to much the same conclusion: that mili- tary force alone will neither solve the conflict nor assure the Jewish state's survival. "The Gatekeepers" pres- By Tom Tugend Sony Picture Classics Former Shin Bet chief Yaakov Peri speaking in the Oscar-nominated film 'The Gatekeepers.' Israel ta00:es a hit on occu00,,00ti'on--and helps pays for it