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February 14, 2003

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- PAGE36 HERITAGE FLORIDA, FEBRUARY HANDYMAN SERVICE Handy man and General Maintenance Air Conditioning Electrical Plumbing Carpentry Formerly handled maintenance at JCC References available STEVE'S SERVICES Call Steve Doyle at (386) 668-8960 A AAAAaammmm G G G Beautiful Full Service Salon and Valentines O. ectgl. q q 0] G 0I Now through Feb. 28th purchase $100 worth of Gift Certificates & Bellagio will give you another $25 Free! [O B) D [0 D B) D B) m Hair Design & Color Manicure & Pedicure, Acrylic Nails Facials & Anti-Aging Skin Treatments Massage Therapies Makeup Application & Consultation Walk-ins Welcome D D D D Special offer For Serertit Gift Garb Ho[bers 407-333-3571 In the Market Square 0] Shopping Center at Heathrow ,WWWUWWI WWWW D D D D education" By Toby Axelrod BERLIN (JTA)--The taxi driver shot a questioning glance over her shoulder. "What's going on?" she asked, noting the flocks of guests arriving at the Konrad Adenauer Foundation build- ing in central Berlin. "It's a Holocaust Remem- brance Day program," she was told. "Ach, ja," she said. And then: "I have to tell you: I have had it up to here with that subject. It feels like well, like a kind of blackmail from the Israeli government." Such sentiments are all too common here. A December 2002 study by the American Jewish Com- mittee showed that 52 per- cent of Germans believe"Jews use Holocaust remembrance to their own advantage." An- other survey, released last No- vember by the Institute for Interdisciplinary Research on ConfliCt and Violence in Bielefeld, Germany, found that 22 percent agreed with- out reservation - and up to 80 percent more or less agreed - that "Many Jews try to take advantage today of the his- tory of the Third Reich, and the Germans pay for this." These views are a troubling sign that not all is right with Holocaust education in Ger- many, according to historian Matthias Heyl, head of educa- tional services at the Ravensbruck concentration camp memorial. "I hear students say they have had enough, and there seems to be a connection be- tween lack of knowledge and thatstatement," Heyl said."It sounds like a playback of what their grandmother and grand- father said back iri the early postwar years." "This attitude has been encouraged by cer- tain intellectuals in Germany, and it is spreading," said Beate Kosmala, a senior historian at Berlin's Center for Re- search on Anti-Semitism. "A really good education on the Holocaust would make the dimensions of the crimes so clear that one could no longer make such argu- ments," Kosmala said. But "it is not easy to teach this era of history to young Germans," said Deidre Berger, head of the American Jewish Committee's Berlin office, which has commissioned a pilot study of the impact of Holocaust education on Ger- man high school students. Complete lawn and landscaping maintenance Pressure cleaning of driveways and pool decks Quality work at affordable prices References available Service you can rely on/ 407-312-8554 or 407-682-7251 Germany email: mauricelawncare @ "It is a very grim chapter, for which young people today bear no guilt or responsibil- ity," Berger said. "Neverthe- less, it is a part of the history of this nation which cannot be forgotten or overlooked." German educators have had many hurdles to overcome, and a timeline of schoolbooks tells the tale: from postwar avoidance to displacement of responsibility onto a few high- level Nazis to the confronta- tion with local and family his- tory - and, finally, to the clash between East and West Ger- man interpretations of the past. Since unification in 1990, much has been done to knock down the former East Germany's view of itself as guilt-free and of West Ger- many as the repository of Nazi evil. "There definitely has been a change in the last few years, with a lot of new curricula, including new historical in- formation," Kosmala said. "And in Berlin and other big cities, there are many survi- vors who are invited to the schools. In my experience, these people are often very surprised by the interest among students." In 1996, the establishment of a Holocaust Remembrance Day in Ger- many by then-President Ro- man Herzog provided a rally- ing point for long-term edu- cational programs. This was evident at the re- cent "Remembrance Day on the Internet" program spon- sored by the Konrad Adenauer Foundation, in which students from across Germany won awards. In contrast to the game- show atmosphere at the prize ceremony, the student projects were serious and thoughtful. They included in- terviews with Holocaust sur- vivors and with their own grandparents, as well as with youths who recently left Germany's right-wing extrem- ist scene. "We wanted to put our thoughts together so others would profit from it," Juliane Ziegler, 16, a student at the Luckau Gymnasium, told JTA. She and her fellow class- mates created a Web site about their visit to the Auschwitz concentration camp memorial and their meetings.with Pol- ish students. Such commitment and in- terest appear to be rare, ac- cording to Philip Graf von Hardenberg, managing direc- tor of Steven Spielberg's Sur- vivors of the Shoah Visual His- tory Foundation in Berlin. Speaking at a Jan. 27 dis- cussion on "Remembrance in an Entertainment Culture," Hardenberg said it is "embar- rassing" how few schools had participated in the foundation's first competition on Holocaust-related topics, which was held in 2001. American businessman Arthur Obermayer Eberhard Berkemann, an elementar~ rescued two. and documented the gravestones in nine eteries. And of 120,000 schools con- tacted, only 130 wanted to purchase the Shoah Foundation's CD-Rom, which features interviews with Ger- man Jewish Holocaust survi- vors, he said. Some believe a poor Holo- caust education has danger- ous results. Paul Spiegel, president of the Central Council of Jews in Germany, recently said "defi- ciencies in the educational system" are partly to blame for anti-Semitism in Germany. But Heyl doubts Holocaust education ~an inoculate Ger- many against today's societal problems, and he prefers not to link the two. Today's Holocaust educa- tion, in Germany and else- where, focuses increasingly on "confronting the perspective and individual choices of by- standers, perpetrators and res- cuers," and not only of vic- tims, Heyl said. A pitfall of Holocaust edu- cation is that persecuted groups often are seen only as victims. "We do not work enough on Jewish history and Germany," Heyl That is where Obermayer, ish businessman with Germany, comes in. Three years ago he the German Jewish Award to honor Germans who are the Jewish history hom~ This year's winners save synagogues cemeteries from reached out 1 lived in their towns ated archives for searchers. Their described Without the people, "all the s on Holocaust Day "would Friedman, vice presi~ Central Council emony. "You are the bridge ers in the fullest sense word." photo 1~ STEFANIE KNOEFEL (!) and JULIANE year-old students at the an award for a Website about their visit to the memorial. WHERE DO YOU WANT TO BE NEXT SUMMER? Overnight Camp Teen Camp School/US & Abroad Cross Country Trip Wilderness Trip Community US & Worldwide Semester Graduating LET US PONIT YOU IN THE RIGHT DIRECTION STUDENT CAMP & TRIP ADVISORS Susan Schwartz 770-951-8747 800-522-5883 Fax: 770-955-1497 email: