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January 18, 2013

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HERITAGE FLORIDA JEWISH NEWS, JANUARY 18, 2013 PAGE 17A By Linda Gradstein The Media Line Israeli researchers say they have discovered one of the ways that breasl cancer cells turn on their aggres- sive cancerous behavior. This means that it will be possible to detect breast cancer earlier and decide on the most effec- tive treatment. "We found a short version of a known enzyme which is actually reprograrnming the cell to behave like a cancer cell," Dr. Rotem Karni of the Hebrew University Institute of Medical Research Israel- Canada told The Media Line. By Abdurrahman Shamlan The Media Line SANA'A Yemeni and U.S. embassy officials went on high alert recently after AI-Qa'ida offered a bounty to kill U.S. ambassador Sana'a Gerald Fei- erstein or any American soldier in the country. American officials were said to be determined not to allow a repeat ofthe attack on the U.S. embassy in Benghazi, Libya, last Sept. 11 that left Arnbassador J. Christopher Stephens and four others dead. 'qre takeAI-Qa'idathreats to Possible cancer breakthrough? "We identified the molecular mechanism which activates a pathway of transmission of information that is sent to the cell." The short version has fewer genes than the longer version of the enzyme. The research is expected to help with both early detectionofbreast cancer and fOllow-up treatment of malignant growths. "This is fantastic news, be- cause the earlier we can detect breast cancer in patients, the earlierwe can potentially begin treating it," Fern Reiss, author of the new book, The Breast Cancer Checklist: The Only Guide for What to Do Before, During, and After Breast Can- cer Surgery, Chemotherapy, and Radiation, told The Media Line. The National Cancer Insti- tute estimates that one out of eight women will get breast cancer at some point in her life. The chances increase based on age, genetic history, weight and reproductive history. Karni says that the short version of the enzyme, which encourages cancerous cell growth, responds well to cer- tain drugs that have already been approved by the FDA. He says the current research also has long-term implications. "Once we know how the short form of the enzyme is generated, we can actually block or reverse, it," he said. "We can already do this in the lab and we are developing ways to do it in the body." In contrast, the long form of this same enzyme acts as a tumor suppressor which protects normal cells from becoming cancerous. Karni says they are also looking at ways to turn the short form, which is dangerous, into the long form of the enzyme. He says the main advantage now is in diagnostics by help- ing doctors decide whether chemotherapy or surgery Is needed. He has worked on the project for three years, and his team is continuing to collabo- rate with drug companies in both the US and Israel. Breast cancer survival rates have improved dramatically in recent years. Currently, ten- year survival rates are 85-90 percent. When caught early, 98 percent of women survive for at least five years. Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed form of cancer amongwomen, excluding non-melanoma skin cancers. In Israel, Jewish women have a one in 7.5 chance of developing the disease, while Arab women have a one in 14 chance. The most common Highest alert after AI-Qa'ida targets U.S. ambassador target the American ambassa- dorand diplomats very seriously and we took all measures to foil "any potential terrorist operation aiming to target them .... We increased the security pres- ence around embassies across the nation and we are ready to encounter any potential threats," a high-ranking Ye- meni Interior Ministry official told The Media Line, asking to remain anonymous in line with military protocols. He added that Yemeni secu- rity bodies and the American embassy were cooperating to protect American diplomats, but refused to offer further de- tails. Embassy spokesman Lou Fintor told The Media Line:"We take such threats very seriously and will continue to monitor the situation closely. We are operating in a highly sensitive and difficult situation." The AI-Qa'ida threat came in an audio message posted on the organization's websites lastweek. The Yemen branch of the organization offered three kilograms of gold (6.6 pounds) worth about $100,000 to kill the U.S. ambassador and five millionYemeni riyals ($23,000) for killing any American soldier in the country. The offer is valid for six months and the bounties aim to "inspire and encourage our Muslim nation for jihad," the message said. The United States considers the Yemeni branch of Al-Qa'ida to be the global terrorist orga- nization's most dangerous and active cell. The threats come as the U.S. has stepped up its use of drones searching forterrorist operatives in Yemen's southern and southeastern provinces. Just last Friday, dozens of people in the town Of Rada, briefly taken over by AI-Qa'ida last year, demanded the drone Anxiety versus neuroticism By Rabbi Rachel Esserman The (Vestal, N.Y.) Reporter Marly memoirs play the blame game, for example, looking for someone or some- thing to serve as the cause of all the authors' problems, be it their parents, siblings, living situation, etc. While this may seem to dismiss the writers' ver)t real pain, public revelations of family life leaves them as open to judgment as those they may condemn. Two new works--"Monkey Mind: A Memoir of Anxiety" by Daniel Smith (Simon and Schuster) and "The Scien- tists: A Family Romance" by Marco Roth (Farrar, Straus and Giroux)--brought this thought to mind since one allowed me to sympathize with the writer's situation while the other raised more questions than it answered. Reading "Monkey Mind" made me very glad I don't suffer from anxiety attacks. Smith's description of the physical symptoms caused by his condition (from the exces- sive sweating, heart palpita- tions, breathing difficulties to overwhelming fatigue) makes it sound awful. Yet, surprisingly, his mem- oir is very funny, in addition to being thoughtful. Smith not only carefully explains the physical and psychologi- cal aspects of anxiety, but the havoc it plays on his life. The author notes that his type of anxiety begins in his mind, using .the Buddhist term monkey mind to ex- plain the process his brain undergoes when an anxiety attack starts: "A person in the throes of monkey mind suffers from a consciousness whose constituent parts will not stop bouncing from skull- side to skull-side, which keep flipping and jumping and flinging feces at the walls and swinging from loose neurons like howlers from vines." The author manages to not only create a vivid image, but one that made me chuckle, even as I shuddered at the thought of this ever happen- ing to me. "Smith finds a type of relief after reading the Works of Philip Roth in college. Sud- denly he realizes that anxiety is a "Jewish disorder," rather than a psychiatric one. His anxiety"was ethnic, like Tay- Sachs or a taste for smoked fish." In fact, his monkey mind is really part of a longstanding Jewish tradition of analysis and over-thinking, a type of exegesis of the real world rather than text. Smith feels this occurs to Jews because "the goys read the Bible and only the Bible. The Jews read the Torah and what thousands of long-dead, con- tentious, slippery-minded scholars had to say about what the Torah may or may not mean, what to do when it seems to mean two different things at once, what seeming to mean two different things at once says about meaning in general andwhat God may or may not be trying to say about meaning in general, and about how all this should or should not color one's under- standing of divine authority, ethics, secular law, and so on and so forth in an unending welter of confusion." That hast sentence alone is enough to give one (if you'll pardon the expression) an anxiety attack. It takes several decades for Smith to get his condition under control; before that, it undermines his attempts to have a career and a personal life. His first step to recovery is to get his monkey mind under control, to realize he must stop the mental process before the physical reaction takes over. The author knows there is no cure, just ways to keep his anxiety from controlling all aspects of his life. What he has done, though, is take a potentially crippling condition, learned to live with it and written a wonderful, funny memoir about the experience. /hile Smith has a sense of Ihumor about his experi- ences, the same cannot be said for the author of "The Scientists." Roth's trauma begins when his father contracts AIDS when the author is 14, but his real dilemma is that his parents forbid him from confiding in anyone. Only when he acts out (smashing dishes in the k.itchen) do they have him talk to a therapist, but the results are a failure. His relationship with his father deteriorates because the two men seem unable to communicate their needs and desires, something that almost leads to his father's disinheriting him. Roth's relationship with his mother also seems distant, as if both are strangers rather than family. When a secret is re- vealed after his father's death, Roth spends decades trying to understand his father's life and its influence on him. Rather than focusing on the present or the future, Roth concentrates on looking for hidden meaning in the books his father recommend- ed to him during his teen years, treating each novel as if it contains the answer to a great mystery. Although Roth views his search as an intellectual endeavor, it turns into endless navel gazing, a condition made possible by his inheritance, which means he didn't have to work. Roth does feel guilty about being "young, fairly rich, and alive." However, he doesn't seem to act on that feeling, to change his life and do something that would make him feel productive. Reading his thoughts made me agree with a friend who refused to see him again until the author "agreed to admit I was depressed and prob- ably needed to find another shrink, take medication, or at least quit smoking and start jogging again." Perhaps ac- tion would have shaken him from his stupor. The end of "A Family Ro- mance" offers a discussion of privacy, particularly of that between parents and chil- dren. How much do parents owe their children in terms of offering information about their personal lives? Is there a point when they can--or should--hold certain infor- mation private? Roth's obsession with his father's private world struck me as unhealthy since it prevented the author from living a full life. Of course, Roth's memoir gives a limited view of this life, but it doesn't strike me as a particularly successful or happy one: the author seems detached in his persofial life and admits that even his workbe it his writ- ing or the magazine which he helps edit--doesn't seem to engage him. Perhaps now that he has finally come to terms with his father, he'll be able to move on. attacks be halted immediately. Rada is just one of several key towns in the southern and southeastern parts of Yemen taken over byAI-Qa'ida in 2011, but taken back by the Yemeni army with assistance from the United States in May.2012. While Yemen and the U.S. are taking the terrorist threats very seriously, Abaad Studies and Research Center Chairman Abdusalam Mohammed down- played them, saying they only expose AI-Qa'ida's weakness. "If'the militant group could assassinate the Americans, it would have done so without publicly announcing bounties for killing them," he said. "There are two possible sce- narios for the threats," he added. 'q'he first is that theywere really made by AI-Qa'ida. In this case the threats are not dangerous at all as they only help expose AI-Qa'ida's weakness in Yemen after its militants were driven out from their proclaimed form of breast cancer in Israel is invasive carcinorfia. Accord- ing to the World Health Orga- nization, breast cancer rates in Israel are the fifth-highest in the Western world after Belgium, Denmark, France and Holland. Karni says the research he is doing at Hebrew University is personal as well as scientific. "I think that every person knows many people around them who are either directly affected by cancer or have relatives who are sick," he said. "It's very rewarding in terms of knowing that these findings are important and can contribute to treatment." Islamic emirate in the Abyan governorate and amid the con- tinuing hunt against the [ter- rorist] elementsbythearmyand American drones. The second is that there are local or interna- tional bodies planning to target embassies and diplomats in the country with the aim of caus- ing chaos--this is what Yemen and the U.S. should take into consideration." He said those bodies might only be hiding be- hind AI-Qa'ida, and discounted any link between the increase in U.S. drone strikes and these latest AI-Qa'ida threats. Mohammed says he believes the American administration is taking the threats seriously because it can't allow for a rep- etition of the Benghazi attack. "Whether the threats are credible or not, the American government is not willing to leave any security loopholes for the militants to capitalize on and repeat Libya's scenario," he added. reenspace   Malmenm Inc. Commercial, Offioe, Residential Complete Lawn & Shrub Maintenance bcensed hlmlred Professional/Reasonable/Free Estimate