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January 18, 1980     Heritage Florida Jewish News
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January 18, 1980
 

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Page 6, HERITAGE, Florida Jewish News, January 16, 1980, A Background Report on the ... Jew. s of Afghanlstan once been as many as 40,000 Jews living in Afghanistan. However, according to a report prepared by the Amedcan Joint Distribution Committee, there are today but a few families--no more than 100 people--and their whereabouts in the current situation are unknown. Most of the people lived in Kabul, some in Herat and there are reports of one remaining family in Balkh. Some date the origins of the Jews of Afghanistan to the days of the First Templ e and though that may be difficult to document there is ample evidence of later migrations into Afghanistan from southern Russia and from Persia. In the late 1870s thousands of Jews went from Herat to Persia to avoid a punitive war tax --but as late as 1927 it was still possible to count 60 distinct Jewish communities. the Jews were driven from the countryside and concentrated in the municipal centers for safety. Another significant exodus from Afghanistan took lace in 1944, a time of famine, and thousands more went into India--eventually going on to Palestine. The establishment of the State of Israel brought a messianic fervor to the Jews of Afghanistan and an intense desire for aligah, though the government refused to allow them to leave. As late as 1950, when the Jewish population was estimated as being between 3000 to 8000, Jews paid an infidel tax and had to report for military service though they were not allowed to bear arms. Despite the prohibition on immigration the Jews did find their way out--family by family. Most came to Israel, some to the United States. A JDC report received in 1971 described the situation "training' Exercises, American Aircraft at Cairo West Air Base WASHINGTON (JTA)-- Amedcan aircraft are engaged in "training" exercises with Egyptian airmen at the West Air Base in Cairo, the State Department said. The Department's chief spokesman, Hodding Carter, refused to comment as to whether the U.S. aircraft were reconnaissance planes. But he emphasized that they were there for training purposes with the Egyptian/Mr Force. State Department sources also said that "possibly" additional U.S. aircraft will go to Egypt. The sources said they were "not aware" that the American planes may have flown over Sinai or made any use of the Israeli facilities on the peninsula. This is the first time American aircraft have been engaged in such exercises. . Begin-Sadat Meet :_.! , Summit Yi -' -" ,, uAu*onom" ,IZ . ** eMaimana , ->" (, .) Hera! Kabul / t '._..... _1 /" .""-/ ' ,'" P A.K lib TA N " " | OF AFGINISTAN shoing places o[ Jeh settlement In the middle ages and modern times. Encyclopedia Judca at that time as follows: "The Jewish community is rapidly shrinking though there is no over threat. In Kabul there are 2.5 to 27 families about about 2.5 in Herat ... One major area of difficulty is education. When the Jewish youngster reached about 8th grade he frequently receives pressure from students and teachers to bring about conversion, therefore few finish high school and there are none in Kabul University." The most recent JDC reports tell of 10 Jewish families in Kabul and a total of no more than 100 people throughout the country. PLO Hopes to Destroy Israel in 15 Years NEW YORK (JTA)--The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) declared that "in five years we shall proclaim a Palestinian government and in 15 years we hope to destroy Israel." In a message on Radio Teheran, broadcast Jan. I and made available to the Jewish Telegraphic Agency here, PLO's representative in lran, Hani el Chasan, said his organization derives "our main support from the Iranian revolution and (the Ayatollah) Khomeini." He added: "We are devotees of the first Imam of the Shiites and are not prepared to hold talks with the cruel ones. We are ready to sacrifice ourselves and shall not forego our land. It is our hope that the leaders of ]ran and Palestine will enter Jerusalem arm in arm." ASWAN (JTA)--Premier make pr Menachem Begin and autonomy President Anwar Sadat wound added, up their three-day summit meeting here with a joint press conference last week at which peace both leaders acknowledged that they had failed to reach corn agreement on the issue of Begin autonomy and how it might conference relate to Jerusalem. consider They reaffirmed, however, implement that the normalization of the Gaza relations between Israel and inhabitantS Egypt will proceed according more to the timetable laid down by West Bank. their peace treaty, still exerts Begin told reporters that 1967. BegiP postal and telephonic submit communications as well as C civilian land, sea and air links would be opened between the However, two countries on Jan. 26, in his followed by the exchange of proposal ambassadors on Feb. 26. be plan, allC Sadat reiterated that he residents intended to implement elections normalization in accordance governing with the letter and the spirit of council the peace treaty. But he "lagaint expressed disappointment that over the impasse on autonomy for the West Bank capital indivisible, and Gaza Strip. reporters "1 would have hoped to Israel. Pitseleh The Los Angeles Chapter of Shelters for J $1 a 000 bequest from the estate c David Rose of Los Angeles earned the saw an elderly woman carrying a seemed too heavy for her feeble car and drove the woman to old woman what she could do in returr Shelters for.Israel was her favorite charity. Make It Something Special! SUMMER CAMP and Campers The camp YOU alwa00 wanted to go to. TIMBER RIDGE in the Beautiful Shenandoah Mountains of West Virginia 90 MILES FROM WASHINGTON, D.C. Julm rJulm WHITE MOUNTAIN GREEN BRIAN TEEN TOWN Co-ed 8-week camping for Co-ed 4-week session for Co-ed teen-age camp. ages6-15, ages 6-13. Special pro- 4-week session for ages gram for 5 and 6. 13-16. ALL CAMPS FEATURE THESE ACTIVITIES: Canoeing, Archery, Photography, Rifle, Tennis, Horses, all Land & Water sports, Gymnastics, Rocketry, Arts, Crafts, Soccer, Handball, Softball, Hockey, Roller Skating, Mt. Climbing. Trips. Doctor and Nurse in residance. Mature Staff -- over 20. Staff inquires invited. For Brochure and ditional information write or call TIMBER RIBGF.w INC. 23 Walker Avenue Baltimore, Md. 21208 301 484-2233 Kosher Style Kitchen Contact your local representative: ORLANDO: Paul Oascher (305) 645-2670 NEW PORT RICHEY: Beverly Pollack {813) 849-0949 SARASOTA (813) 966-5756 ACCREDITED CAMP M , SUMMERTIME! It's not too far off. But NOW is the time to make those plans for the kids. There are more than 8000 camps in the -- United States and choosing the right one for your child can pose a problem. We try to make it easier for you because the camps that advertise in HERITAGE have been selected because they have something special for you and your youngsters. We suggest you call or write them for further information NOW, because they are filling up fast. Z  .IOGE mu.00ms "" 1 / --Trails--  . CAMP / ..h;,;;,,, WOHELO L * Quality 8 Week Camps. Completely COMET TRAILS For Teenage 52nd Year... 0nly 70 miles from WashingtOn, Every camper must succeed in our well planned program. SPORTS NATURE * SCIENCE * ARTS "*S  2 Lakes, 2 Pools, 3 Gymnasiums, 19 lighted Tennis Courts, 4 outdoor basketball coO Rifle Ranges, 8 Athletic Fields, 3 Craft Shops, 2 Photo Labs, 2 Theaters, 3 Dining Room, acres of beautiful mountain forest with trails and streams. Mature, well*qualified Staff. FOR INFORMATION, CONTACT: MORGAN I. LEVY, C.CD. Oct.-Apr.: 1531 S.W. 82nd Court, Miami, FL 33144 Telephone: (305)264-6389 May-Sept.: 12811 Old Route 16, Waynesboro, PA 17268 Attended by a larg e Telephone: (717) 794-2313 south Florida group